Get Tested For Chlamydia
The most common method of testing for chlamydia involves collecting a urine sample in combination with collecting swabs of the affected area. The most thorough process of screening involves urine collection along with throat swabs, rectal swabs, and genital swabs.
Urine analysis alone can sometimes miss infections if swabbing is not also done. Throat and rectal infections can be overlooked, predominantly when asymptomatic.
How To Get Rid Of Chlamydia In Males
Chlamydia in males is caused by a bacterial infection. This infection is mostly treated with oral antibiotics. The most effective and recommended treatment for chlamydia is the prescribing of Azithromycin or Doxycycline. After treatment, usually the infection will clear in 7 to 14 days. The recommended dosage should be finished for infection to be completely cleared. For treatment to be most effective, it is recommended that both partner complete treatment and abstain from any sexual contact for at least 7 days after completing their treatment.
Will I Need To Go Back To The Clinic
If you take your antibiotics correctly, you may not need to return to the clinic.
However, you will be advised to go back for another chlamydia test if:
- you had sex before you and your partner finished treatment
- you forgot to take your medication or didn’t take it properly
- your symptoms don’t go away
- you’re pregnant
If you’re under 25 years of age, you should be offered a repeat test for chlamydia 3 to 6 months after finishing your treatment because you’re at a higher risk of catching it again.
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How Do I Know If I Have Chlamydia
Most people who have chlamydia have no symptoms. If you do have symptoms, they may not appear until several weeks after you have sex with an infected partner. Even when chlamydia causes no symptoms, it can damage your reproductive system.
Women with symptoms may notice
- An abnormal vaginal discharge
- A burning sensation when urinating.
Symptoms in men can include
- A burning sensation when urinating
- Pain and swelling in one or both testicles .
- Rectal pain
You should be examined by your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms or if your partner has an STD or symptoms of an STD. STD symptoms can include an unusual sore, a smelly discharge, burning when urinating, or bleeding between periods.
How To Take It
Azithromycin is taken one time orally and can be taken with or without food. Its important to take it as directed by your doctor.
It takes approximately 1 week for azithromycin to cure chlamydia. Avoid having sex while under treatment, as its still possible to pass or worsen the infection during treatment.
Doxycycline Resistance And T Pallidum
Although serological failure, defined as a lack of 4-fold decline in rapid plasma reagin titres following therapy, was observed in patients treated with doxycycline , no resistance study that could explain treatment failure was conducted and currently a unique study concerns doxycycline resistance of T. pallidum. In this study, Xiao et al. investigated the presence of the G1058C point mutation in the 16S rRNA gene associated with decreased susceptibility to doxycycline and found no mutation among 2253 whole blood specimens sampled from Chinese patients with secondary or latent syphilis between 2013 and 2015.
Testing And Treating Sexual Partners
If you test positive for chlamydia, it’s important that your current sexual partner and any other recent sexual partners you’ve had are also tested and treated.
A specialist sexual health adviser can help you contact your recent sexual partners, or the clinic can contact them for you if you prefer.
Either you or someone from the clinic can speak to them, or the clinic can send them a note to let them know they may have been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection .
The note will suggest that they go for a check-up. It will not have your name on it, so your confidentiality will be protected.
Page last reviewed: 01 September 2021 Next review due: 01 September 2024
How Does Chlamydia Treatment Work
Chlamydia treatment works by stopping the bacteria that causes chlamydia from producing an important protein which it needs to multiply. This stops the bacteria from growing and replicating, so your symptoms should improve as your body is cleared of chlamydia.
The first line treatment for chlamydia in the UK is doxycycline. The usual dose is one tablet to be taken twice daily for 7 days. You can swallow doxycycline tablets whole with water and take them with or without food. You should sit up for about 30 minutes after each dose to prevent symptoms of throat irritation or stomach upset.
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Can You Drink Alcohol While Taking Azithromycin For Chlamydia
Yes, you may drink a small amount of alcohol while you are taking azithromycin but there is a chance large amounts of alcohol may increase the gastrointestinal side effects of azithromycin, such as nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dyspepsia, or flatulence. Too much alcohol with azithromycin may also give you a headache.
Because azithromycin is usually taken as a one-off dose, drinking alcohol is unlikely to stop azithromycin from curing chlamydia.
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What Does A Chlamydia Test Involve
- You may be asked to provide a urine sample. Before having this test, youre advised not to pass urine for 12 hours.
- A doctor or nurse may take a swab from the entrance of the urethra .
- If you have symptoms of conjunctivitis swabs will be used to collect a sample of discharge from your eye.
A swab looks a bit like a cotton bud but is smaller and rounded. It sometimes has a small plastic loop on the end rather than a cotton tip. Its wiped over the parts of the body that could be infected. This only takes a few seconds and isnt painful, though it may be uncomfortable for a moment.
Cervical screening and routine blood tests dont detect chlamydia.
If youre not sure whether youve been tested for chlamydia, just ask.
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What Antibiotics Do You Get For Chlamydia
Chlamydia is one of the most common STDs. It can be treated easily if caught early. Some of the most recommended antibiotics used to treat chlamydia are azithromycin and doxycycline. Azithromycin is typically given as 2 tablets one time while doxycycline is given as 2 capsules a day for 7 days. These antibiotics are most effective if both partners have received treatment and have taken their prescription as directed.
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Common Side Effects Of Chlamydia Antibiotics
Chlamydia is always treated by antibiotics. Popular antibiotics for chlamydia infection including Erythromycin, Levofloxacin, Tetracycline, Azithromycin, Doxycycline, and so on. A single dose of antibiotics is good to treat chlamydia infection in most cases.You will get a negative result of chlamydia test after the treatment. If you are sill suffering from chlamydia symptoms, or have got a positive result again, visit your doctor.
Anogenital And Conjunctival Chlamydia
- Erythromycin is associated with significantly higher gastrointestinal side effects than other treatment regimens.Footnote 8Footnote 9Footnote 10Footnote 11Footnote 12
- Equivalent dosages of other formulations may be substituted for erythromycin base.
- Topical therapy for conjunctivitis is inadequate, systemic treatment is sufficient.Footnote 13
Consult with a pediatric specialist or an experienced colleague and relevant clinical guidelines when chlamydia is diagnosed in a child. Perinatally acquired C. trachomatis can persist for up to three years. Consider sexual abuse when a chlamydial infection is diagnosed in any prepubertal child.Footnote 14
Note: Suspected sexual abuse of children must be reported to the local child protection agency.
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How Is This Medicine Best Taken
Use azithromycin single-dose packet as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.
- Take with or without food.
- Do not take antacids that have magnesium or aluminum at the same time as azithromycin single-dose packet. Talk with your doctor or pharmacist.
- Empty powder packet in 1/4 cup of water. Mix well and drink. Rinse cup with more water and drink.
- Keep taking azithromycin single-dose packet as you have been told by your doctor or other health care provider, even if you feel well.
What do I do if I miss a dose?
- Only 1 dose of azithromycin single-dose packet is needed. If you miss your dose, take it as soon as you think about it.
How Accurate Are The Tests
The accuracy of a chlamydia test depends on the kind of test used and the type of sample thats collected. The recommended tests are over 95% accurate in picking up chlamydia. As no test is 100% accurate theres a small chance that the test will give a negative result when you do have chlamydia. This is known as a false negative result. This can sometimes explain why you might get a different result from another test or why you and a partner might get a different test result.
Its possible for the test to be positive if you havent got chlamydia, but this is rare.
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How Antibiotics For Chlamydia Work
Chlamydia is caused by a bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis.
In the body, an infection spreads when the bacterial cells causing it multiply. The way antibiotics work in stopping the spread, is to prevent the bacteria from producing certain proteins. The bacterial cells need these proteins to sustain themselves and grow but by stopping the bacteria from generating them, the antibiotic agent helps to stop the bacteria from growing, and spreading the infection. The immune system is then able to fight off the infection and symptoms start to clear up.
How Long Does It Usually Take For One Dose Of 1000 Mg Azithromycin To Clear Up A Rectal Chlamydia Infection I Still Have Minor Symptoms 11 Days Later After Taking Azithromycin Should I Re
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What Happens If Chlamydia Is Left Untreated
If left untreated, chlamydia can lead to more serious health problems.
In people assigned female at birth, untreated chlamydia can cause pelvic inflammatory disease , a condition which can scar the fallopian tubes and lead to infertility.
Chlamydia can also be passed on to babies during birth if the parent has the infection while pregnant.
What Forms Of Chlamydia Are There
There are three forms of Chlamydia:
- Chlamydia transmitted by unprotected sexual contact.
- Perinatal Chlamydia is transmitted at birth from the infected mother to the child.
- LGV caused by a particular Chlamydia bacterium. This condition is rare in Europe and occurs mainly in tropical areas such as Africa, South Asia and the Caribbean islands. In the UK, however, there has been an increase in LGV infection among men who have unprotected sexual contact with one another over the past 10 years.
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Essential Tips And Precautions Before Using Amoxicillin
Before deciding to use amoxicillin, it is vital to factor in some precautions to avoid complications of the medication.
- You should take amoxicillin as precisely as prescribed by your doctor.
- You can use amoxicillin with or without food.
- If you dont like swallowing capsules, amoxicillin is available as an oral suspension and chewable tablets.
- You can experience trouble breathing, tightness, or bloating of the throat if you use this medication.
- You can also suffer a skin rash or have prolonged diarrhea when you use this drug. Contact your doctor immediately.
- Suppose you are using amoxicillin for a sustained period. In this case, your doctor may have to periodically check your liver and kidney functions and conduct blood tests.
You should also consider the following before using amoxicillin:
Allergies: Inform your healthcare provider if you have experienced any allergic reaction to this drug or any other drugs in the past. You should also let your doctor know the other things you are allergic to, like food, dyes, preservatives, or animals. If youre buying a generic non-prescription product, study the label carefully to know the ingredients.
Children: Newborns and babies aged 3 months old and younger have underdeveloped kidney functions, so they must be administered a lower dose of this medication. Currently, no study indicates amoxicillin is harmful or less effective in children.
Caution should be applied when prescribing amoxicillin to older people
How To Use Azithromycin Oral
To prevent infection, take this drug as directed by your doctor, usually once a week on the same day each week. Continue to take this medication until your doctor tells you to stop.
To treat infection, take this drug as directed by your doctor, usually once daily at the same time each day. Continue to take this medication until your doctor tells you to stop. Stopping the medication too early on your own may allow bacteria to continue to grow, which may result in a return of the infection. Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.
For the best effect, take this antibiotic at evenly spaced times. To help you remember, take this medication at the same time every day.
Antacids containing aluminum or magnesium may decrease the absorption of azithromycin if taken at the same time. If you take an antacid that contains aluminum or magnesium, wait at least 2 hours before or after taking azithromycin.
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Why Is Chlamydia Treatment So Important
If you are diagnosed with chlamydia, it is vitally important you get the right treatment promptly. You must take the medication correctly, and also make sure you follow specific advice about what to do, and what not to do, while taking the medication.
In the UK, doctors and other healthcare providers are advised to follow the evidence based treatment recommendations for chlamydia, published by The British Association of Sexual Health & HIV . These recommendations were in September 2018, and are outlined in this article.
- Treating chlamydia promptly and effectively, will reduce the risk of long complications.
- Leaving chlamydia untreated, or partially treated, may result in serious health problems.
Chlamydial infection, causes intense inflammation within certain body tissues which become, red, swollen, and then scar tissue may develop. A range of unpleasant symptoms, can then develop, as well as certain medical conditions.
Can Chlamydia Become Resistant To Amoxicillin
Chlamydia in pregnant women can still be treated with amoxicillin. However, bacteria in the body can become resistant if you indiscriminately use antibiotics without a prescription from a certified healthcare provider.
There are few documented instances of Chlamydia resistance to antibiotics and no cases of natural and consistent antibiotic resistance in humans.
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Azithromycin Oral Suspension Description
Azithromycin for oral suspension USP contains the active ingredient azithromycin monohydrate, USP, a macrolide antibacterial drug, for oral administration. Azithromycin has the chemical name -132-ethyl-3,4,10-trihydroxy-3,5,6,8,10,12,14-heptamethyl-11-oxy]-1-oxa-6-azacyclopentadecan-15-one monohydrate. Azithromycin is derived from erythromycin however, it differs chemically from erythromycin in that a methyl-substituted nitrogen atom is incorporated into the lactone ring. Its molecular formula is C38H72N2O12H2O, and its molecular weight is 767.00. Azithromycin has the following structural formula:
Azithromycin, USP, as the monohydrate, is a white to off-white crystalline powder with a molecular formula of C38H72N2O12H2O and a molecular weight of 767.00.
Azithromycin for Oral Suspension USP is supplied in bottles containing azithromycin monohydrate powder equivalent to 600 mg, or 1200 mg azithromycin, USP per bottle and the following inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, FD & C Red No. 40 Aluminum Lake, hydroxypropyl cellulose, sodium phosphate tribasic anhydrous, sucrose, natural and artificial banana flavor, natural and artificial cherry flavor and xanthan gum. After constitution, each 5 mL of suspension contains 200 mg of azithromycin, USP. The dry powder before constitution is off-white to pinkish in color. The suspension after constitution is pink to red in color.
Duration Of Azithromycin In Your Body To Stay:
As per the studied done, Azithromycin medicine usually stays around 15 to 16 days in your days after the consumption of last dose.
There is a 68 hour elimination half-life of this tablet. The prolonged terminal elimination half-life is associated with high drug uptake and subsequent elimination from the tissue.
Approximately 5.5 times the elimination half-life is required to remove the drug from the system. Therefore, it will take about 15.5 days for 374 hours to be removed from the system.
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Doxycycline Resistance And N Gonorrhoeae
Emergence of gonococcal resistance to tetracycline became widespread during the early 1980s. At present, N. gonorrhoeae has developed significant rates of resistance to various antibiotics and MDR/XDR N. gonorrhoeae is now considered a superbug of high concern for public health.
Resistance to tetracyclines is associated with the presence of the tet gene on conjugal plasmids, among which Dutch and American type conjugative plasmids were the most prevalent, resulting in high-level cross-resistance to tetracycline, doxycycline and minocycline, and to chromosomal mutations associated with less elevated MIC. Of note, coexistence of chromosomally and plasmid-mediated resistance to tetracycline has been observed in resistant isolates.
The prevalence of tetracycline resistance in N. gonorrhoeae depends on the time period and the country of strain isolation, being described in 12% to 100% of the isolates studied . Most studies only refer to tetracycline for which the resistance breakpoint is2mg/L. If we consider studies that specifically tested doxycycline and, in the absence of a specific resistance breakpoint for doxycycline, retained the tetracycline breakpoint for evaluating doxycycline resistance, doxycycline resistance rates over 50% were reported in most studies .,
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