How Does Gonorrhea Affect Pregnancy
For pregnant women, untreated gonorrhea raises the risk of:
- Premature birth . Premature birth is the most common cause of infant death and can lead to long-term health and developmental problems in children.4
- Water breaking too early. This can lead to premature birth.
Babies born to infected mothers are at risk for:
- Blindness. Treating the newborn’s eyes with medicine right after birth can prevent eye infection. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force strongly recommends and most states require by law that all babies be treated with medicated eye ointments soon after birth.5
- Joint infection
- Life-threatening blood infection
Treatment of gonorrhea as soon as it is found in pregnant women will lower the risk of these problems for both mother and baby. Your baby will get antibiotics if you have gonorrhea or if your baby has a gonorrheal eye infection.
What Happens If Gonorrhea Is Not Treated
Untreated gonorrhea can cause several long-term health problems.
In women, untreated gonorrhea can:
- Spread to other reproductive organs, including the uterus and fallopian tubes, and cause pelvic inflammatory disease. PID can cause infertility and tubal pregnancies, which can be life-threatening to the mother and the baby.
- Cause eye problems in infants born to untreated mothers, leading to blindness.
- Spread to other parts of the body, causing swollen and painful joints, liver inflammation, and heart valve and brain damage.
In men, untreated gonorrhea can cause:
- Scars in the urethra.
- Prostate pain and inflammation.
- Other problems if it spreads throughout the body, including swollen and painful joints, liver inflammation, and heart valve and brain damage.
Chlamydia And Gonorrhea Symptoms
The symptoms of chlamydia and gonorrhea overlap, so it can be difficult to differentiate between the two unless you visit your healthcare provider or take a test for chlamydia or gonorrhea.
The overlapping symptoms for chlamydia and gonorrhea in men and women include:
- A burning sensation during urination
- Abnormal genital or rectal discharge
- Pain in the rectum
- Sore throat
With both chlamydia or gonococcal infections , men might also experience swelling and pain in the testicles and/or scrotum.
In women, both a gonorrhea and chlamydia infection might be mistaken for a yeast infection. Women may also experience painful periods, bleeding between periods, pain during sex, or abdominal pain.
Although the symptoms overlap, the discharge caused by chlamydia vs. gonorrhea can vary slightly. For a chlamydia infection, a womanâs vaginal discharge might have a strong odor and yellowish tint. Men might have a cloudy or clear discharge. With gonorrhea, both women and men may experience green, yellow, or white discharge.
If you’re a woman experiencing abnormal vaginal discharge or a man with abnormal penile discharge, be sure to consult your healthcare provider as soon as possible as this is a common sign of an infection.
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Is There A Cure
Yes. Gonorrhea can be cured with antibiotics. Important: Do not treat yourself! Using the wrong kind or dose of medicine, or sharing someone else’s medicine, may hide the signs of your infection and create new health problems. If you think you have gonorrhea, go to your health care provider or a clinic. Any medicine you take should be ordered for you and only for you.
Gonorrhea Doesnt Always Have Symptoms
Gonorrhea can be tricky, because you or your partner may not have any symptoms. Or the signs of gonorrhea may be so mild you dont even notice them. Sometimes people confuse gonorrhea symptoms with other infections. Lots of people dont even realize they have gonorrhea thats part of the reason why its such a common infection .
Gonorrhea can lead to serious health problems and even infertility if you dont treat it. But its usually easy to cure it with medicine. This is why regular STD testing is so important, no matter how healthy you feel.
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Symptoms Of Gonorrhea In Women
Many women donât have noticeable gonorrhea symptoms. If they do, the symptoms can be mild or mimic the symptoms of other infections. Symptoms of gonorrhea in women can resemble yeast infections, other bacterial infections, or urinary tract infectionsâwhich is why itâs important to regularly test for STIs like gonorrhea.
Gonorrhea symptoms in women can include abnormal vaginal dischargeâparticularly a watery, creamy, or slightly green discharge. Women with gonorrhea may also experience frequent urination alone with pain or a burning sensation while urinating. Women can also have spotting between periods or experience heavier-than-usual periods. You might also feel pain during sex or feel sharp pains in the lower abdomen. Gonorrhea in women can also cause a fever or sore throat. Symptoms can also include an itchy or sore anus as well as discharge, bleeding, and painful bowel movements.
If a woman isnât treated for gonorrhea, the infection can damage the reproductive system and increase the risk of getting or transmitting HIV. It can also lead to pelvic inflammatory disease or infertility. In some rare cases, gonorrhea can spread to the bloodstream and joints, which is known as disseminated gonorrhea.
Burning Sensation When Urinating
Chlamydia can cause a burning sensation when you urinate. Its easy to mistake this for a symptom of a urinary tract infection.
You might also feel like you have the urge to urinate more often than usual. And when you do go to urinate, only a little bit comes out. Your urine might also smell unusual or look cloudy.
If you have chalmydia, you might also feel some pain during sex, especially intercourse.
You may also some bleeding and lingering irritation after any type of sexual activity involving penetration.
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Std Treatments For Women
STD treatments for women depend on the type of STD you have, including the intensity of said STD.
In most cases, if you do receive an STD diagnosis, treatment will involve a round of antibiotics, antivirals and/or a topical cream, though the type of medication you receive may differ depending on where you live.
Gonorrhea Chlamydia And Syphilis: Causes Symptoms And Treatment Options
When it comes to freaking out worthy events, being diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease comes pretty close to the top.
What will happen to your nether regions ? Do they have a cure? How are you going to share this information with future sex partners? Youve got questions, weve got answers.
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What Causes Chlamydia In Women
Chlamydia is a bacterium that causes an infection that is very similar to gonorrhea in the way that it is spread and the symptoms it produces. Like gonorrhea, the chlamydia bacterium is found in the cervix and urethra and can live in the throat or rectum. Both infected men and infected women frequently lack symptoms of chlamydia infection. Thus, these individuals can unknowingly spread the infection to others. Another strain of Chlamydia trachomatis, which can be distinguished in specialized laboratories, causes the STD known as lymphogranuloma venereum, which affects the lymph glands.
Chlamydia can be detected on material collected by swabbing the cervix during a traditional examination using a speculum, but noninvasive screening tests done on urine or on self-collected vaginal swabs are less expensive and sometimes more acceptable to patients. While culturing of the organism can confirm the diagnosis, this method is limited to research laboratories and forensic investigations. For routine diagnostic use, newer and inexpensive diagnostic tests that depend upon identification and amplification of the genetic material of the organism have replaced the older, time-consuming culture methods.
General Treatment For Stds
Sexually transmitted diseases caused by parasites and bacteria are treatable, but viral infections are incurable. However, viral infections can be managed by medications. It is important for a pregnant lady who has been infected to start mediation immediately to avoid infecting the baby. Below are some treatment solutions for STDs:
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Sexually Active Women Below 25 Years
Experts advise all women below 25 years to get screened for chlamydia and gonorrhea, especially chlamydia. Screening for chlamydia requires a sample of vaginal fluid or urine, which you can collect yourself and take to the clinic. Better off, a doctor can take your sample to make the results more accurate. If you test positive for chlamydia, it is essential to repeat another test three months later after being under medication. Chlamydia has a high rate of reinfection due to undertreatment.
How Gonorrhea And Chlamydia Are Tested
Both gonorrhea and chlamydia can be diagnosed with similar methods. A healthcare provider might do a physical examination to look for symptoms, and they may do a urine test to check for the bacteria that cause chlamydia or gonorrhea.
But screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea doesnât have to take place at a clinic. With the Everlywell at-home Chlamydia & Gonorrhea Test, you can easily check for these STIs from the comfort and privacy of your home.
The kit comes with easy-to-follow instructions and everything you need to collect your sample at home, and your physician-reviewed results can be conveniently and securely viewed online on your device. Plus, if you receive a positive result after you get tested for chlamydia and gonorrhea with the Everlywell at-home test, youâll have the opportunity to connect with our independent physician networkâand may be prescribed medication to treat the infection.
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Herpes Symptoms In Women
Herpes simplex virusesmore commonly called herpesis a viral infection that causes sores around the mouth or genitals . You can get herpes from kissing or through any form of sexual contact. Its spread through skin-to-skin contact with sores, or the mouth, or genitals of somebody who has herpes, as well as infected body fluids like saliva and genital secretions.
Most women with genital herpes dont know they have it, and some can go months or even years without showing symptoms. If you do get symptoms, they usually show up within 2-12 days of infection and can sometimes be mistaken for something else, like pimples or ingrown hair.6 The first outbreak can be the most severe and uncomfortable.
Herpes symptoms in women include:
- A tingling, burning, or itching sensation where blisters will form
- Small blisters that pop and become painful, open sores before scabbing over
- Around the vaginal area, including inside the vagina
- In the mouth area, like on the lips or gums or inside the cheeks
- In the anal area or on the buttocks or thighs
- Less commonly, on other parts of the body
How To Get Tested
A person can meet with a doctor to get a diagnosis for either of these infections.
The doctor will collect bodily fluids to test for the infection. The test can use either a urine sample or a sample from the vagina or penis, which a doctor will collect with a cotton swab.
Most health insurance plans, including Medicare, cover sexually transmitted infection testing completely. If a person does not have health insurance, they can go to a free clinic, their local health departments STI clinic, a student health center, or an urgent care clinic.
Because both chlamydia and gonorrhea can present with no symptoms, it is important that people who are sexually active get tested regularly.
After a doctor has determined which infection a person has contracted, they will prescribe an antibiotic.
People should take the full course of antibiotics and wait an additional 7 days before having sex again. This helps prevent a person from spreading the infection to another person and possibly reinfecting themselves later.
A person can contract both chlamydia and gonorrhea again, even if they have already experienced and treated the STI before.
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If You Have Further Questions Contact Your Ob
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Copyright 2021 by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. All rights reserved. Read copyright and permissions information.
This information is designed as an educational aid for the public. It offers current information and opinions related to women’s health. It is not intended as a statement of the standard of care. It does not explain all of the proper treatments or methods of care. It is not a substitute for the advice of a physician. Read ACOGs complete disclaimer.
Treated With The Same Type Of Antibiotic
Sexually transmitted infections tend to be something that we dont like to talk about. Despite how common they are, there is still a stigma attached to STIs and a lot of shame and embarrassment around testing positive. Perhaps youre worried about how to tell your partner, or how previous partners will react to the news. Whatever happens, youve done the right thing in getting tested and being honest about it.
Gonorrhea and chlamydia are two common sexually transmitted infections. They are both caused by bacteria and treated with the same type of antibiotics. In many cases, they dont cause symptoms, especially with chlamydia, so its possible to have an STI without knowing. This is how theyre so easily spread, because there are no warning signs.
Order safe treatment for chlamydia
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About Chlamydia And Gonorrhea
Chlamydia and gonorrhea are both sexually transmitted infections that are caused by bacteria. They are spread through sex with an infected person, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. A man can spread chlamydia or gonorrhea to his sex partner even if he doesn’t ejaculate.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that there are 2.86 million cases of chlamydia in the US each year, and over half a million cases of gonorrhea. Both of these STIs are most common in women between the ages of 15 and 25. You are more at risk for these STIs if:
- You are under the age of 25 and sexually active
- You have a new sex partner
- You have multiple sex partners
- You don’t use a male condom correctly when having sex
When To See A Healthcare Provider
It’s important to talk to your healthcare provider if you have any signs or symptoms of chlamydia, any other symptoms that concern you, or if you know or think you’ve been exposed to the infection.
According to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, women 25 and under and those who are sexually active should be screened for chlamydia every year, as should older women who have an increased risk of infection.
Screening for other STIs/STDs is important as well, as the risk factors for chlamydia also increase the likelihood of contracting these other infections. If you are treated for chlamydia, be sure to tell your healthcare provider if any symptoms persist.
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How Will I Know If I Have Gonorrhea
|Prevalence of Gonorrhea in Tompkins Co Source: Tompkins County Health Departmentand New York State Department of Health|
To know for sure you should visit a health care provider for a full physical checkup. The provider will use a swab to take a sample from the site of infection and it will be tested for the bacteria. New tests are available that use urine samples to test for gonorrhea. However, this type of testing is not available at all provider offices. Ask your provider if urine testing is available.
You can have gonorrhea and not know it. Many women don’t have any signs of this STD. That’s why it’s important for all sexually active women to have regular pelvic exams. During your exam, your provider can take a sample of your fluid to look for gonorrhea.
How Do I Know If I Have Gonorrhea
Some men with gonorrhea may have no symptoms at all. However, men who do have symptoms, may have:
- A burning sensation when urinating
- A white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis
- Painful or swollen testicles .
Most women with gonorrhea do not have any symptoms. Even when a woman has symptoms, they are often mild and can be mistaken for a bladder or vaginal infection. Women with gonorrhea are at risk of developing serious complications from the infection, even if they dont have any symptoms.Symptoms in women can include:
- Painful or burning sensation when urinating
- Increased vaginal discharge
- Vaginal bleeding between periods.
Rectal infections may either cause no symptoms or cause symptoms in both men and women that may include:
- Painful bowel movements.
You should be examined by your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms or if your partner has an STD or symptoms of an STD, such as an unusual sore, a smelly discharge, burning when urinating, or bleeding between periods.
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How Is Chlamydia Diagnosed
You should see your doctor if you experience any of the above symptoms. During your clinic visits, some test will be carried out.
Urine sample are not reliable in women. Cervix swab and urethral swabs are used for testing. Some chlamydia tests include
- Polymerase chain reaction
- Culture of specimen. This test has a can detect the infection but it is expensive.
- Nucleic Acid Amplification Tests .
In addition, you should inform your partner to get tested and treated. Reinfection can occur if you have sexual intercourse with an infected partner again. Also, contact tracing should be done. This is to inform people youve had unprotected intercourse with to get tested as well.
What Are The Symptoms Of Gonorrhea
Like chlamydia infections, gonorrhea can infect people of all genders. Gonorrhea is often asymptomatic in women and people with female reproductive tractsâthis means that people often do not experience any discomfort or notice any changes once infected .
Without any symptoms, people may not suspect that they have an STI. Some may have very mild or vague symptoms, which can be confused with a urinary tract infection or vaginal infection . In women and people with female reproductive tracts, these symptoms can include increased , frequent painful urination, spotting/bleeding between periods or after vaginal intercourse or pain, bleeding, or discharge in the rectum .
Infections of gonorrhea in the throat are also often asymptomatic, though some people may have a sore throat and enlarged tonsils .