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What’s The Difference Between Gonorrhea And Chlamydia

What Is The Treatment For Chlamydia

What is gonorrhea? | Infectious diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

Chlamydia can be easily cured with antibiotics. HIV-positive persons with chlamydia should receive the same treatment as those who are HIV-negative.

Persons with chlamydia should abstain from sexual activity for 7 days after single dose antibiotics or until completion of a 7-day course of antibiotics, to prevent spreading the infection to partners. It is important to take all of the medication prescribed to cure chlamydia. Medication for chlamydia should not be shared with anyone. Although medication will cure the infection, it will not repair any permanent damage done by the disease. If a persons symptoms continue for more than a few days after receiving treatment, he or she should return to a health care provider to be reevaluated.

Repeat infection with chlamydia is common.49 Women whose sex partners have not been appropriately treated are at high risk for re-infection. Having multiple chlamydial infections increases a womans risk of serious reproductive health complications, including pelvic inflammatory disease and ectopic pregnancy.50,51 Women and men with chlamydia should be retested about three months after treatment of an initial infection, regardless of whether they believe that their sex partners were successfully treated.40

Infants infected with chlamydia may develop ophthalmia neonatorum and/or pneumonia.10 Chlamydial infection in infants can be treated with antibiotics.

Sexually Transmitted Infections Vs Sexually Transmitted Diseases

The first thing to understand is that STI stands for sexually transmitted infection and STD stands for sexually transmitted disease. At first glance, these two phrases may appear almost identical and indeed, many medical institutions and professionals use the terms interchangeably.

Think on it for a moment, though, and youll realise that infection and disease connote different things. In the medical community, an infection is defined as the invasion of the body by bacteria, viruses or parasites. While an infection can cause symptoms and complications, altering the normal function of the body, it does not depend upon this by definition. A disease, by contrast, causes specific health complications.

Simply put, a sexually transmitted infection is the broader term and an STI on its own is not necessarily something that will develop into a disease. You may carry the infection, and even be contagious, but it may never lead to any symptoms or cause you real health problems.

Of the two terms, this makes STI slightly less definitive its also a phrasing that certain medical professionals hope will create less of a stigma around sex-related conditions. Its likely that this is the reason why you will no longer find the term STD used on sites like the NHS or the FPA .

What Does Chlamydia And Gonorrhea Feel Like

White, some of the symptoms women can experience when they have chlamydia and gonorrhea are yellow-green discharge, light bleeding between your periods and an occasional burning sensation while urinating. The trouble with most of these symptoms is that, even if you do have them, they can seem not-so-serious.

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    Testing for gonorrhea is done by swabbing the infected site and identifying the bacteria in the laboratory either through culturing of the material from the swab or identification of the genetic material from the bacteria. Sometimes the tests do not show bacteria because of sampling errors or other technical difficulties, even when the woman has an infection. Newer tests to diagnose gonorrhea involve the use of DNA probes or amplification techniques to identify the genetic material of the bacteria. These tests are more expensive than cultures but typically yield more rapid results.

    What Are Chlamydia Gonorrhea And Trichomoniasis

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    Chlamydia is a very common sexually transmitted disease. You become infected with it, by having unprotected sex with a person who has the bacterium chlamydia trachomatis. This infection can be spread by either vaginal, anal or oral sex. It affects both men and women, of all ages. Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the spread of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria. You can contract this bacterium through having unprotected sex with an infected partner.

    Both chlamydia and gonorrhea show the same symptoms. Infected women report abnormal vaginal discharges, bleeding between periods, pain during period, when urinating and while having sex, as well as itching and burning around the area of the vagina. Men, on the other hand, may show symptoms like pain and swelling of the testicles, painful urination, and burning, itching and cloudy discharges at the tip of the penis. Despite the fact that both bacterial infections show similar signs, treatments do differ. It is essential to have an early screening and diagnosis for both infections and, take the full course of prescribed antibiotics.

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    What Is Gonorrhea How Do You Get It

    Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection caused by the organism Neisseria gonorrhoeae that is transmitted during unprotected sex. Gonorrhea is one of the oldest known sexually transmitted diseases. Among individuals who are infected with gonorrhea, 50% to 70% also will be infected with chlamydia, another type of bacteria that causes another STD.

    Contrary to popular belief, gonorrhea cannot be transmitted from toilet seats or door handles. The bacterium that causes gonorrhea requires very specific conditions for growth and reproduction. It cannot live outside the body for more than a few seconds or minutes, nor can it live on the skin of the hands, arms, or legs. It survives only on moist surfaces within the body and is found most commonly in the vagina, and, more commonly, the cervix. It can also live in the tube through which urine drains from the bladder. Neisseria gonorrhoeae can even exist in the back of the throat and in the rectum .

    What Is A Uti

    * Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

    * Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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    How Do I Test For Chlamydia

    You can get tested for chlamydia even if you dont have any symptoms.

    Getting tested for chlamydia is easy and doesnt hurt. A healthcare professional will ask for a urine sample and/or take a swab from the area that might be infected. This is usually the lower part of the womb or the vagina for women, and the tip of the penis for men. If youve had anal or oral sex, you may have a swab taken from your anus or throat.

    In some countries you can get a self-testing kit to do at home.

    If you test positive for chlamydia, its important to tell any recent sexual partner/s so they can also get tested, and treated if necessary. If you need advice about how to do this, speak to your healthcare professional. You should also test for other STIs.

    What Measures Can I Take To Prevent These Conditions

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    The only way that you can completely prevent yourself from catching chlamydia, gonorrhea, or another STI is by abstaining from sexual activity.

    But there are also plenty of ways you can reduce your risk of contracting or transmitting these infections:

  • Use protection. Both male and female condoms are effective in helping to reduce your risk from infection by either bacteria. Using proper protection during oral or anal sex can also reduce your risk of infection.
  • Limit your sexual partners. The more sex partners you have, the more you risk exposing yourself to an infection. And because these STIs may not cause noticeable symptoms, sex partners may not know they have the condition.
  • Get regularly tested. Whether youre having sex with multiple people or not, regular STI tests can help you remain aware of your sexual health and ensure that youre not unknowingly transmitting an infection to others. Regular testing can also help you identify an infection even if youre not experiencing any symptoms.
  • Dont use products that affect your vaginal bacteria. Healthy bacteria in the vagina helps fight off infections. Using products like douches or scented odor-reduction products can upset the balance of vaginal flora and make you more susceptible to infection.
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    What Are The Treatments For Gonorrhea Can Gonorrhea Be Cured

    In the past, the treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhea was fairly simple. A single injection of penicillin cured almost every infected person. Unfortunately, there are new strains of gonorrhea that have become resistant to various antibiotics, including penicillins, and are therefore more difficult to treat. Fortunately, gonorrhea can still be treated by other injectable or oral medications.

    Uncomplicated gonococcal infections of the cervix, urethra, and rectum, are usually treated by a single injection of ceftriaxone intramuscularly or by cefixime in a single oral dose. For uncomplicated gonococcal infections of the pharynx, the recommended treatment is ceftriaxone in a single IM dose.

    Alternative regimens for uncomplicated gonococcal infections of the cervix, urethra, and rectum is spectinomycin in nonpregnant women in a single IM dose or single doses of cephalosporins , or cefotaxime).

    It is important to note that doxycycline, one of the recommended drugs for treatment of PID, is not recommended for use in pregnant women.

    Gonorrhea is one of the easier STIs to prevent because the bacterium that causes the infection can survive only under certain conditions. The use of condoms protects against gonorrhea infection. Since the organism can live in the throat, condoms should be used during oral-genital contact as well.

    Chlamydia Symptoms & Treatment

    FAST FACTS

    • Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that is normally passed on through sex without a condom or sharing sex toys with someone who has the infection.
    • Using male or female condoms and dental dams during sex will help to protect you from getting chlamydia.
    • Chlamydia is often symptomless however if left untreated it can lead to long-term health problems.
    • Chlamydia is easily treated with antibiotics.
    • Chlamydia can be passed on from mother to child during pregnancy, so its important for pregnant women to get tested.

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    What Is An Std

    An STD is a sexually-transmitted disease that is transmitted through oral, vaginal or anal sex, intravenous drug use, or through non-sexual contacts such as childbirth or breastfeeding. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that there are 19 million reported STD cases each year in the United States. STDs are common and it is possible to be infected without being aware, because many STDs do not display obvious symptoms. Getting tested for STDs once or twice every year is recommended for sexually-active people. Regular STD testing is a great way to protect your sexual health as well as the health of your partner.

    So, How Do You Get an STD?

    STDs can occur in a myriad of ways:

    • Having unprotected sex with someone who has also been affected.
    • Eating contaminated food that has been contaminated with fecal matter can potentially transfer hepatitis A .
    • Skin-to-skin contact with someone who has been affected by HPV or herpes can increase the risk of contracting either infection.
    • Sharing sheets, towels, or clothes can increase the chance of spreading Trichomoniasis.
    • Sharing needles or even razors, which cause the risk of breaking the skin and mixing blood, can lead to catching, developing, and the passing on of STDs.

    How Do You Get Chlamydia And Gonorrhea

    STD vs. STI: What
    • Engaging with multiple sexual partners in one year The more partners who engage with, the more likely you will be exposed to an infected person and contract an STD.
    • Having unprotected sex Condoms can reduce the likelihood of you contracting an STD however, condoms are never 100% effective. If you are concerned you may have an STD, you should get tested regardless of whether you used a condom in your last sexual encounter.
    • Younger than 24 Individuals younger than 24 tend to practice unprotected sex more often than other age groups and are less likely to be tested.
    • Previous diagnosis of an STD Having already contracted an STD increases your bodys susceptibility to contracting another STD. It can be common for those who have contracted chlamydia to be at risk for contracting gonorrhea or HIV. If you contract gonorrhea, you are at a greater risk of contracting HIV.

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    Who Is At Risk And How Can They Prevent It

    Any person who is sexually active has a risk of STIs. A person can transmit or contract STIs through oral, anal, or vaginal sexual intercourse.

    To prevent contracting either of these infections, a person should use barrier methods, such as condoms, and get tested regularly.

    Even when they do not cause any symptoms, these infections can cause complications.

    If a person does not seek treatment for gonorrhea, for example, there may be a of contracting HIV. They may also contract disseminated gonococcal infections.

    How Is Each Condition Transmitted

    Both STIs are caused by bacterial infections that are transmitted through unprotected sexual contact, meaning sex without using a condom, dental dam, or another protective barrier between you and your partner during vaginal, anal, or oral sex.

    Its also possible to contract the infection through sexual contact that doesnt involve penetration. For example, if your genitals come into contact with the genitals of someone whos contracted the infection, its possible to develop the condition.

    Both STIs can also be contracted through protected sex with a condom or other barrier if you dont use protection properly, or if the barrier breaks.

    Either STI can be contracted even if you arent showing visible symptoms. Both STIs can also be transmitted to a child at birth if the mother has either condition.

    Youre at increased risk for developing these and other STIs if you:

    • have multiple sexual partners at one time
    • dont properly use protection, such as condoms, female condoms, or dental dams
    • regularly use douches which can irritate your vagina, killing healthy vaginal bacteria
    • have contracted an STI before

    Sexual assault can also increase your risk of both chlamydia or gonorrhea.

    Both STIs can be diagnosed using similar diagnostic methods. Your doctor may use one or more of these tests to ensure that the diagnosis is accurate and that the right treatment is given:

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    How Gonorrhea And Chlamydia Are Tested

    Both gonorrhea and chlamydia can be diagnosed with similar methods. A healthcare provider might do a physical examination to look for symptoms, and they may do a urine test to check for the bacteria that cause chlamydia or gonorrhea.

    But screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea doesnât have to take place at a clinic. With the Everlywell at-home Chlamydia & Gonorrhea Test, you can easily check for these STIs from the comfort and privacy of your home.

    The kit comes with easy-to-follow instructions and everything you need to collect your sample at home, and your physician-reviewed results can be conveniently and securely viewed online on your device. Plus, if you receive a positive result after you get tested for chlamydia and gonorrhea with the Everlywell at-home test, youâll have the opportunity to connect with our independent physician networkâand may be prescribed medication to treat the infection.

    How Do The Symptoms Compare

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    Both men and women can get chlamydia or gonorrhea and never develop any symptoms.

    With chlamydia, symptoms may not appear for a few weeks after youve contracted the infection. And with gonorrhea, women may never experience any symptoms at all or may only show mild symptoms, while men are more likely to have symptoms that are more severe.

    A couple of the most telltale symptoms of these STIs overlap between the two , such as:

    • burning when you pee
    • abnormal, discolored discharge from the penis or vagina
    • abnormal discharge from the rectum
    • pain in the rectum
    • bleeding from the rectum

    With both gonorrhea and chlamydia, men may also experience abnormal swelling in their testicles and scrotum, and pain when they ejaculate.

    You may also develop symptoms that affect your throat if you engage in oral sex with someone who has one of these conditions. This can cause mouth and throat symptoms, including sore throat and a cough.

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    Who Should Be Tested For Chlamydia

    Any sexually active person can be infected with chlamydia. Anyone with genital symptoms such as discharge, burning during urination, unusual sores, or rash should refrain from having sex until they are able to see a health care provider about their symptoms.

    Also, anyone with an oral, anal, or vaginal sex partner who has been recently diagnosed with an STD should see a health care provider for evaluation.

    Because chlamydia is usually asymptomatic, screening is necessary to identify most infections. Screening programs have been demonstrated to reduce rates of adverse sequelae in women.31,41 CDC recommends yearly chlamydia screening of all sexually active women younger than 25, as well as older women with risk factors such as new or multiple partners, or a sex partner who has a sexually transmitted infection.40 Rectal chlamydia testing can be considered for females based on sexual behaviors and exposure. 40 Pregnant women under 25 or older pregnant women at increased risk for chlamydia should be screened during their first prenatal visit and again during their third trimester.40 Women diagnosed with chlamydial infection should be retested approximately 3 months after treatment.40 Any woman who is sexually active should discuss her risk factors with a health care provider who can then determine if more frequent screening is necessary.

    How Do I Know If I Have An Sti

    Dont wait until you show symptoms, as you might never get any. If youve had unprotected sex then its important to get tested to make sure that you dont have an STI. Especially because infections like chlamydia and gonorrhea can be symptomless, you run the risk of infecting your partner, or any future partner.

    You can visit a sexual health clinic to get tested where they will ask you questions about your sexual history before examining you. The tests for chlamydia and gonorrhea involve giving a urine sample and possibly a swab test from the vagina. If you prefer, you can order a test kit online to do at home.

    If you test positive for one, or think that you have symptoms of one, then its advisable to get tested for all common STIs. It is possible to have multiple sexually transmitted infections.

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