Chlamydia Treatment And Prevention
Milly DawsonSanjai Sinha, MDShutterstock
Chlamydia is easy to cure. If you test positive for chlamydia, basically you take an antibiotic, says Jill Rabin, MD, cochief in the division of ambulatory care for women’s health programs and prenatal care assistance program services for Northwell Health in New Hyde Park, New York.
Your partner must take an antibiotic, too, to keep them from reinfecting you, she says.
You have to have your partner treated, and if you have more than one partner, they should all be treated, says Dr. Rabin, regardless of your partners genders.
Even if you dont have chlamydia now, its wise to learn how to protect yourself so you wont develop this common infection in the first place. In women, chlamydia can create serious health problems, including infertility. Besides, no one ever wants to have a sexually transmitted disease and then have to tell other people about it.
Is Azithromycin Better Than Doxycycline At Curing Chlamydia
STD guidelines still favor azithromycin over doxycycline for the treatment of chlamydia. This is because of the following reasons:
- Cure rates of azithromycin and doxycycline are similar, 97% and 98-100% respectively, according to a meta-analysis of 12 trials.
- Azithromycin is given as a single dose, doxycycline needs to be given for seven days, either as a once-daily or twice-daily dose.
- The dose of azithromycin can be easily supervised if need be it is much harder to supervise seven days of once daily or twice daily doxycycline treatment
- People are more likely to take a single dose of azithromycin than finish a seven-day course of doxycycline.
Recently, some reports have suggested that doxycycline may be more effective than azithromycin, particularly when medication adherence can be assured. There is also some concern that azithromycin may not be as effective for anogenital chlamydial infections.
When Should I See My Healthcare Provider
When it comes to chlamydia, its a good idea to be proactive. Speak with your healthcare provider about your risks of infection. Make a plan to get screened regularly for STIs based on your providers recommendations for how often you should be tested. Make an appointment with your healthcare provider if your partner tests positive for chlamydia or if you notice any signs or symptoms that you may be infected.
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You Can Get Chlamydia More Than Once
With some diseases, having one infection makes you immune to future infections. Thats not the case with chlamydia. If you engage in sexual activity with a person who has a chlamydia infection, you can get it again, even if youve just completed treatment for it.
Both partners should be treated before reinitiating sexual intercourse to prevent relapse, Schaffir says.
How Can You Prevent Chlamydia
Whether or not youâve had chlamydia before, you can take simple actions to protect your sexual health going forward.
- Unprotected sex is one of the main ways this STD is transmitted, so use protection every time you have sex.
- Routinely screen for STDs like chlamydia .
- If you have a new sex partner, consider talking with them about both of you getting tested so you can enjoy physical intimacy with greater peace of mind.
- Speak with your healthcare providerâand consider getting testedâif youâre experiencing symptoms of this or any other STD.
To easily test for chlamydia from the privacy of home, take the Everlywell at-home Chlamydia & Gonorrhea Test. You can also check for 6 common sexually transmitted infections with the Everlywell at-home STD Test for men or women.
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What Happens If Chlamydia Goes Untreated
If a person is not treated for chlamydia, complications may occur. Women frequently develop pelvic inflammatory disease . PID can cause infertility , chronic pelvic pain, tubal pregnancies, and the continued spread of the disease. In men, untreated chlamydia can cause urethral infection and complications such as swollen and tender testicles. Chlamydia infection during pregnancy may result in premature rupture of membranes, preterm delivery and possible tubal pregnancy in a small percent of women. In addition, chlamydia can cause conjunctival and pneumonic infection in the newborn. Persons with a chlamydia infection have an increased chance of getting other infections such as gonorrhea or HIV.
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Treatment For Gonorrhea Is Quick And Easy Too
The CDC currently recommends a shot of the antibiotic Rocephin and an oral dose of the antibiotic azithromycin, given at the same time, to treat gonorrhea.
Treatment recommendations for gonorrhea have changed over the years as the bacteria that causes gonorrhea, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, has become resistant to a growing number of antibiotics.
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Can Chlamydia Go Away On Its Own
It is highly unlikely for chlamydia to go away on its own. Although the symptoms may subside temporarily, the infection may persist in the body in the absence of treatment . It is important to seek diagnosis and timely treatment to get rid of the infection.
If treatment is not sought, chlamydia can lead to the following serious complications:
- Pelvic inflammatory diseases or PID
- Fitz-Hugh-Curtis Syndrome
- Untreated chlamydia in pregnant women can cause serious consequences such as preterm delivery , ophthalmia neonatorum , and pneumonia in the newborn.
- Reactive arthritis may develop in men and women following chlamydia infection.
- Men have less symptoms linked to chlamydia compared with women. Chlamydia infection can sometimes lead to epididymitis , causing pain and fever. Rarely, chlamydia can cause infertility in men.
What Exactly Is Chlamydia
In fact, when we talk about chlamydia, most often we are talking about a specific type of chlamydia known as Chlamydia trachomatis, which is a sexually transmitted infection .
Different types of chlamydiachlamydia is actually the name for a family of organisms, each with a slightly different genetic appearance or subtype. Chlamydia A-C affects the eye, chlamydia D – K affects the genitalia and chlamydia L causes a condition known as lymphogranuloma venereum .
Where chlamydia lives:
- Genital chlamydia:
- If youre a man chlamydia may infect the urethra , the bladder, the prostate gland, and the testes
- If youre a woman chlamydia may infect the cervix , the endometrium and the fallopian tubes and ovaries, as well as the bladder. It may also affect the peritoneum and the liver
- Other parts of the body:
- Chlamydial conjunctivitis this occurs when chlamydia infects the eye. In third world countries, this is the most common cause of blindness. Chlamydial conjunctivitis is most common in babies a newborn baby becomes infected during childbirth from passage through an infected birth canal. However chlamydia can cause conjunctivitis in adults too
- Chlamydia pneumoniae this occurs most often in small babies, or in people with a poorly functioning immune system
- Chlamydial arthritis this may develop, sometimes in conjunction with genital symptoms and eye symptoms
- In the vagina/on the cervix
How is the diagnosis of chlamydia usually made?
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Can Stds Caused By Parasites Or Bacteria Go Away On Their Own
Parasitic and bacterial STDs do not clear up on their own and always require prescription treatment. STDs caused by bacteria include chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. STDs caused by parasites include trich, scabies, and pubic lice. All of these STDs are curable, but they require a diagnosis and a doctors prescription. Left untreated, these STDs can cause health complications and spread to sexual partners, so its important to get tested and treated regularly.
If left untreated, some bacterial infections can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, infertility for men and women, and infection of the testicles. Chlamydia can also cause arthritis associated with eye and urethra inflammation, and gonorrhea can cause bloodstream infections.
Untreated syphilis can damage the nervous system, heart, joints, liver, blood vessels, and eyes and may even cause death.
How Chlamydias Passed On
Chlamydia is usually passed from one person to another through sexual contact.
Chlamydia is most commonly spread through:
- sharing sex toys that arent washed or covered with a new condom each time theyre used.
It can be spread by giving or receiving oral sex with someone who has chlamydia. The risk can be lowered by using a condom or a dam to cover the genitals.
If youre pregnant its possible to pass chlamydia to the baby .
You cant get chlamydia from kissing, hugging, sharing baths or towels, swimming pools, toilet seats or from sharing cups, plates or cutlery.
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My Symptoms Havent Cleared
There are several possible explanations. The symptoms could have a cause other than chlamydia. You can have more than one sexually transmitted infection at the same time, so you will need to be tested for other infections. There are also non-STI causes such as a lower urinary tract infection or, in women, endometriosis. You may have been re-infected with chlamydia if you had unprotected sex with an infected or partially treated partner. Rarely, the infection is resistant to a particular antibiotic treatment and therefore does not clear. Your GP or local GUM clinic would be able to help work out what is happening.
You may need a repeat chlamydia test .
Does Chlamydia Discharge Go Away On Its Own
Category:STDs and Safer Sex
Pictured above: https://twitter.com/CDCSTD/status/619286164315353088
Can gonorrhea go away without treatment? Does chlamydia eventually clear up? Can trichomoniasis go away on its own? These are the kinds of questions people pose to Google before Google sends them here at least thats what I learned by looking at the blogs stats. Theyre tricky questions to tackle, and for so many reasons.
Some viral STDs stay with you for life, such as herpes and HIV. Others, such as hepatitis B and human papillomavirus , can be prevented with vaccines but cannot be cured. Its also possible for the immune system to defeat hepatitis B virus and HPV but in some cases, these viruses are able to settle in for the long haul, causing chronic infections that can endure for life and even lead to cancer.
Left untreated, syphilis can kill, and gonorrhea can cause infertility.
Non-viral STDs, like chlamydia and gonorrhea, can be cured. However, they usually dont have symptoms, or symptoms can come and go, making it seem like an infection went away when it actually didnt. You cant know your STD status without getting tested, and you cant self-diagnose an STD based on symptoms and then assume the infection went away when symptoms subside. Getting tested can uncover a problem and clear the way for treatment.
Gonorrhea and Chlamydia
It is often called the silent infection because most people do not realise they have it.
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How To Get Rid Of Pink Eye Fast
Medical treatments such as antibiotics and antiviral medications can help relieve the symptoms of pink eye fast. Some home remedies too can help cure pink eye symptoms until the infection can go away on its own.
A home remedy for pink eye like aloe vera gel or neem oil can make pink eye symptoms more tolerable until the infection clears up on its own. . Heres how to get rid of pink eye naturally at home using home remedies.
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How Accurate Are The Tests
The accuracy of a chlamydia test depends on the kind of test used and the type of sample thats collected. The recommended tests are over 95% accurate in picking up chlamydia. As no test is 100% accurate theres a small chance that the test will give a negative result when you do have chlamydia. This is known as a false negative result. This can sometimes explain why you might get a different result from another test or why you and a partner might get a different test result.
Its possible for the test to be positive if you havent got chlamydia, but this is rare.
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Chlamydia Symptoms In Women:
- testicular pain and/or swelling
Depending on the localization of the infection, women, men and children may experience inflamed rectum, urethra or eyelids. The symptoms of mouth and throat infections are rare although a person can suffer a sore throat. Eyes infected with chlamydia can be itchy, swelled, cause painful sensations or produce discharge similar to conjunctivitis. Infection in the rectum results in bleeding, chlamydia discharge and pain.
Is Chlamydia Of The Throat Common
Although chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial STI in the United States, chlamydia of the throat is uncommon.
A small 2021 study involving 140 men who have sex with men found that 1.4% of the participants had chlamydia of the throat.
Other research has shown that extra-genital chlamydia is as common in women as it is in MSM.
Engaging in sex with people who carry the bacteria without using barrier protection can contribute to the spread of the infection.
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What Causes Pink Eye
How do you get pink eye? Before you go further on how to get rid of pink eye fast, it is important to know the exact cause. The cause will determine the most effective treatment for pink eye. There are three major causes of conjunctivitis. These are viral infections, bacterial infections and allergic reactions.
- Viral conjunctivitis: Viral pink eye is caused by a viral infection, adenovirus. The herpes simplex virus is also one of the most problematic causes of viral pink eye. The virus is highly contagious and can easily spread among children and even adults.
Symptoms of viral pink eye include watery discharge from eyes, photophobia and general irritation.
- Bacterial pink eye: Bacterial conjunctivitis is more common in babies than in adults. It is caused by bacteria mostly staphylococcus aureus. Patients with gonorrhea and chlamydia may also get bacterial pink eye.
- Allergic conjunctivitis: This is caused by allergic irritants that come in contact with the eye. Irritants may include animal dander, dust and pollen. Contacts, some liquids and dirt can also cause allergic pink eye. Allergic conjunctivitis is not contagious.
There are other non-infectious causes of pink eye that include chemical irritants, underlying inflammatory diseases and even trauma to the eye. In order to treat and get rid of pink eye quickly, your doctor has to determine the exact cause. Both medical cures and natural home remedies for pink eye target the underlying cause.
Does Your Partner Need To Get Treated Too
If you have a sexual partner, or if youve recently had sex with someone, talk with them about your chlamydia diagnosis. Theyll need to get tested and treated, too.
If your sexual partner doesnt seek treatment, theres a risk that they can transmit it back to you, even after your infection has been cured.
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How Long For Chlamydia To Show Up
Most people who have chlamydia have no symptomsat least not at first.
Some never develop symptoms, while others only develop them 1-3 weeks after having unprotected sex with an infected partner.
Below is a breakdown of how long it takes for chlamydia to show up in different sexes and parts of the body.
Im Pregnant How Does Chlamydia Affect My Baby
If you are pregnant and have chlamydia, you can give the infection to your baby during delivery. This can cause an eye infection or pneumonia in your baby. Having chlamydia may also make it more likely to deliver your baby early.
If you are pregnant, you should receive testing for chlamydia at your first prenatal visit. Talk to your healthcare provider about getting the correct examination, testing, and treatment. Testing and treatment are the best ways to prevent health problems.
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A Word From Same Day Std Testing
Sadly, lots of people refuse to get tested for STDs because they feel uncertain or nervous about the testing process. At Same Day, our goal is to take the fear out of STD testing. Our facilities are designed to ensure discretion and protect your privacy. Plus, you can always call one of our team members here and well be happy to answer any questions you may have about STDs, STD testing, and our policies. Schedule an appointment now, or else, find a lab near you and get tested today!
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What Are The Treatments For Chlamydia
If you are diagnosed with chlamydia, your doctor will prescribe oral antibiotics. A single dose of azithromycin or taking doxycycline twice daily for 7 to 14 days are the most common treatments and are the same for those with or without HIV.
With treatment, the infection should clear up in about a week. Do not have sex for at least 7 days until you have taken all of your medication, and do not stop taking the antibiotics even if you feel better.
Your doctor will also recommend that your partner be treated as well to prevent reinfection and further spread of the disease.
Women with serious infections, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, may require a longer course of antibiotics or hospitalization for intravenous antibiotics. Some severe pelvic infections may require surgery in addition to antibiotic therapy.
Make sure you get retested after three months to be certain the infection is gone. Do this even if your partner has been treated and appears to be infection free.
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