When Should I Get Tested
Dont delay getting tested if you think you might have chlamydia. Being diagnosed and treated as soon as possible will reduce your risk of developing any serious complications of chlamydia.
You can get a chlamydia test at any time although you might be advised to repeat the test later on if you have it less than 2 weeks since you had sex because the infection might not always be found in the early stages.
You should consider getting tested for chlamydia if:
- you think you could have a sexually transmitted infection
- a sexual partner tells you they have an STI
- youre pregnant or planning a pregnancy
- youre offered a chlamydia test as part of the NCSP
If you live in England, youre a woman under 25 and sexually active, its recommended that you have a chlamydia test once a year, and when you have sex with new or casual partners.
If you live in England, youre a man under 25 and sexually active, its recommended that you have a chlamydia test once a year if you are not using condoms with new or casual partners.
If you have chlamydia, you may be offered another test 3 to 6 months after being treated. This is because young adults who test positive for chlamydia are at increased risk of catching it again.
Recommended Reading: How Long After Chlamydia Treatment Are You Contagious
How Did I Get Chlamydia If I Didnt Cheat
A note from Cleveland Clinic
It can be embarrassing to talk about anything sex-related with your healthcare provider, including STI prevention. But your sex life is an important part of your health that your provider needs to know about to care for you. Not getting the treatment you need for chlamydia can pose serious risks to your health. Speak with your provider about getting regularly screened for chlamydia and other STIs to reduce your risks of complications. Practice safer sex to prevent the spread of chlamydia.
How Common Is Chlamydia
Chlamydia is the most common STI caused by bacteria. Nearly 2 million cases of chlamydia were reported to the CDC in 2019. The number of infections is likely even higher. When compared to previous years, 2019 infection rates increased among people of all genders, all races and ethnicities, and in every region of the U.S. Most cases of chlamydia are asymptomatic, which means there are no signs or symptoms of an infection. Many of these cases likely go unreported.
Certain demographic characteristics may make you more likely to get diagnosed with chlamydia. Youre more likely to get diagnosed if youre:
- A teen or young adult aged 15 to 24. More than half of all diagnosed chlamydia cases in the U.S. occur in this age group.
- A cisgender woman aged 15 to 24. Young women in this age group are targeted for chlamydia screenings, and the rate of infection among those who are tested is high.
- A man who has sex with men . Chlamydia infections disproportionately affect men who have sex with men.
- Black and non-Hispanic. Chlamydia infections disproportionately affect non-Hispanic Black populations.
Read Also: Does Chlamydia Go Away By Itself
How Does It Work
- Your doctor will give you either the medication Azithromycin, or a prescription for the medication to give to your sexual partner/s
- Its a way to get your sexual partners treated for Chlamydia without them having to see a doctor
- Its not available everywhere in Australia, but is offered by some publicly funded Sexual Health Clinics and Family Planning Clinics in NSW
- Telling sexual partners you have an STI can be difficult, but its the right thing to do
Will Chlamydia Go Away On Its Own
Chlamydia usually needs to be treated with antibiotics, as this can kill the bacteria that causes chlamydia. In some cases, your chlamydia symptoms may get better without treatment, but this does not mean you do not have chlamydia. You could still pass it on to sexual partners. It can also cause complications if chlamydia is left untreated, so it is always better to seek treatment.
Also Check: Signs Of Chlamydia In Males
What Is The Best Chlamydia Treatment
The best antibiotic to treat chlamydia is doxycycline. If doxycycline cannot be taken, the second line choice of medication to treat chlamydia is azithromycin. Both treatments are over 90% effective and should only be taken if you, or a recent sexual partner, has tested positive for chlamydia.
Is Treatment Always Necessary For Chlamydia
Yes, treatment is necessary for chlamydia, particularly in women of childbearing age, because it reduces the risk of chlamydia-associated ectopic pregnancy, fertility problems, and the transmission of chlamydia to neonates during birth. In women, of all ages, chlamydia treatment reduces the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease.
In men, treatment for chlamydia stops them from infecting or reinfecting sexual partners with the bacteria.
Treat any person testing positive for chlamydia with a recommended course of antibiotics promptly. Delays in treatment have been associated with complications, such as pelvic inflammatory disease.
You May Like: What Happens If Chlamydia Is Left Untreated
When Should I See My Healthcare Provider
When it comes to chlamydia, its a good idea to be proactive. Speak with your healthcare provider about your risks of infection. Make a plan to get screened regularly for STIs based on your providers recommendations for how often you should be tested. Make an appointment with your healthcare provider if your partner tests positive for chlamydia or if you notice any signs or symptoms that you may be infected.
How Can I Protect Myself From Chlamydia
Its not always possible to know if a current or potential partner has chlamydia, though, especially since many people with chlamydia never notice symptoms. With prevention in mind, its a good idea to make safer sex practices a regular part of your sex life:
- Dont share sex toys, but if you do, wash them after each use and cover toys used for penetration with a condom.
- Have sex with only one partner, who only has sex with you.
You May Like: Drugs Used To Treat Chlamydia
Does Chlamydia Treatment Have Side Effects
An antibiotic called Doxycycline is the most common medicine used to treat chlamydia. Like most medicines, it can cause mild side effects. The most common side effects of Doxycycline are nausea, vomiting, upset stomach, loss of appetite, mild diarrhea, skin rash or itching, change in skin color, vaginal itching, or discharge. These side effects should go away after you finish taking the medicine. Talk to your nurse or doctor about any medicines youre already taking and any medical issues you already have before taking Doxycycline.
How To Diagnose Chlamydia
A doctor may use a cotton swab to collect bacteria samples from the cervix, rectum, urethra, or throat. A urine sample may also be taken. These will be sent to a lab and checked for the presence of chlamydia. When testing for chlamydia, doctors will also test for Gonorrhea, as many people with one infection will also have the other.
Since this infection might not have symptoms, your sexual partner could also be infected and should be seen by a doctor in order to also be tested. All sexual partners in the last 60 days should be tested and treated for chlamydia. If there has been no partner over the last 60 days, the most recent partner should be tested and treated. If you are uncomfortable contacting your previous sexual partners, your health care provider can.
Don’t Miss: Home Remedies To Cure Chlamydia
How Do I Know If I Have Chlamydia
If you suspect you have chlamydia, your doctor may want to test cervical or penile discharge or urine using one of several available methods.
In most cases of chlamydia, the cure rate is 95%. However, because many women don’t know they have the disease until it has caused serious complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease, sexually active women under age 25 and others at higher risk should be tested for chlamydia once a year during their annual pelvic exam even if they dont have symptoms.
Pregnant women should also be tested as part of their routine lab work.
Side Effects Of Doxycycline For Dogs
In a case study conducted by B. S. Schulz, DrMedVet, and associates, they reported that 18% of the dogs that were given doxycycline were experiencing nausea and vomiting, 7% of the dogs in the study had diarrhea and 2.5% of them developed anorexia.
Almost 40% of the tested canine patients showed increased activity of the liver transferases ALT and AST, and 36% of the dogs showed increased activity of the alkaline phosphatase.
These findings show that this antibiotic is very potent and heavy for the liver, the organ through which this drug is excreted from the body.
Because of cases like these, it is suggested that all dogs that are taking doxycycline for any of the diseases mentioned above to be given some type of liver supplement in the form of pills or oral suspension.
Doxycycline should not be given to pregnant dogs. During pregnancy, theres the risk of bone abnormalities and teeth discoloration in the developing fetuses.
The elimination of doxycycline from the dogs body is unique. The drug is primarily excreted through the feces via non-biliary routes. It is excreted in an inactive form. It is believed that the drug is partially inactivated in the intestine by the chelate formation and only after inactivation is excreted into the intestinal lumen. In dogs, about 75% of a given dose is excreted in this manner. Renal excretion of doxycycline is only 25% of a dose in dogs, and biliary excretion less than 5%.
Also Check: What Is The Best Medicine For Chlamydia
Is There An Over Counter Treatment For Chlamydia
No, the CDC recommended treatment for chlamydia requires a prescription, but you do not need to visit the doctor’s office in person to get a prescription. Technology has made doctor visits online quick and easy. Just complete an online consultation visit and a prescription can be sent to a local pharmacy.
Im Not Sure I Have Chlamydia
If you have chlamydia symptoms but havent gotten tested, you should book an appointment with a PlushCare doctor and request STD testing. The doctor will write you a lab order and direct you to a lab close to you where you can get tested. Your results will be sent back to the PlushCare doctor who can then begin treatment.
You May Like: Treatment Of Gonorrhea And Chlamydia In Males
How Can I Prevent Chlamydia
If you think you are infected, avoid sexual contact and see a doctor. If you test positive, your partner should also get treatment. Get retested after three months, even if both you and your partner appear infection free.
Most doctors recommend that all people who have more than one sexual partner, especially women, be tested for chlamydia regularly even in the absence of symptoms. It is also recommended that all sexually active women under age 25 be tested yearly as well.
Read Also: Chlamydia And Gonorrhea Test Kit
The Health Risks Of Chlamydia
For up to 40 percent of infected women, untreated chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease . PID effects include abdominal pain, fever, internal abscesses and long-lasting pelvic pain effects also include scarring of the fallopian tubes, which can cause infertility and increase the chance of potentially life-threatening ectopic or tubal pregnancies.
Men can develop scarring of the urethra, making urination difficult and occasionally causing infertility. Although rare, both sexes are at risk of a type of arthritis known as Reiters Syndrome that causes inflammation and swelling of the joints.
If a pregnant woman has chlamydia, her baby may be born prematurely, have eye infections or develop pneumonia.
Read Also: What Happens If You Never Treat Chlamydia
Can You Get Chlamydia Tablets Over The Counter
You cannot get chlamydia antibiotics over the counter, as they must be prescribed to you. Some pharmacies offer chlamydia testing and can prescribe antibiotics without seeing your GP. You can check if your local pharmacy has this facility online or by asking a pharmacist.
You can get chlamydia tablets through our website. You can also speak to your GP or visit your local sexual health clinic.
Chlamydia Treatment And Preventions
Chlamydia can be cured easily and quickly with antibiotics, sometimes with a single pill. Despite the ease of treatment, thousands of people suffer serious complications each year such as infertility and chronic pain because they had no symptoms or failed to recognize them until it was too late. Don’t wait for symptoms to develop have routine checkups. Be aware that the risk of acquiring chlamydia increases with the number of sexual partners.
Since chlamydia infection can occur without symptoms, it’s possible to unknowingly transmit this infection to others, or to get it from someone who doesn’t know they have it. Women are more likely to be unaware they have chlamydia. Condoms help decrease the chance of transmission and should be used from the beginning to the end of sex.
Chlamydia in men, women, and babies is treated with various antibiotics. The exact choice depends on the person and the extent of infection.
Even if symptoms aren’t obvious, or if they disappear quickly, you should finish any course of antibiotics for the full length of time prescribed. If symptoms don’t go away within 1 to 2 weeks of completing treatment, see your doctor again. 6 months following the end of treatment, your doctor may want to see you again to make sure the infection is cured even if you are feeling well.
While undergoing treatment, and for at least 1 week after your last dose, you should avoid having sex.
Read Also: How Much Do Chlamydia Pills Cost
What Is Chlamydia Like
Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection . Most people who have confirmed cases of chlamydia are recorded to have no symptoms. When symptoms do appear, it occurs in the form of a pus-like yellow discharge, frequent or painful urination. Additionally, some women experience spotting between periods or after sex. Also, rectal pain irritation, bleeding or discharge can occur. Some patients may experience lower abdominal pain, swollen or tender testicles. If left untreated, chlamydia may lead to infertility or irreversible reproductive issues.
Summary Of The Evidence
There is no evidence relating to patient values and preferences but the Guideline Development Group agreed that there is probably no variability in the values people place on the outcomes. Research related to other conditions indicates that adherence may be improved with simpler medication regimens. The GDG therefore agreed that azithromycin may be more acceptable to patients since it is a single dose regimen . There is little to no evidence for equity issues and feasibility. Resistance in other infections that often co-occur with chlamydia may restrict the use of some medicines, such as ofloxacin. For many of these medicines, costs may differ between countries in places with high incidence of chlamydia, the cost differences between azithromycin and doxycycline may be large due to greater numbers of people requiring treatment.
In summary, there was moderate quality evidence for trivial differences in benefits and harms between azithromycin and doxycycline, and although the cost of azithromycin is higher, the single dose may make it more convenient to use than doxycycline. While the differences are also trivial with the other medicines, the evidence is low quality and these are therefore provided as alternatives, with the exception of delayed-release doxycycline, which is currently expensive.
See for list of references of reviewed evidence, and for details of the evidence reviewed, including evidence profiles and evidence-to-decision frameworks .
Recommended Reading: What Kind Of Antibiotics Cure Chlamydia
How Long Can You Have Chlamydia Without Knowing
Chlamydia is sometimes called a silent infection because the majority of people who have chlamydia regardless of gender never notice symptoms. People who do notice symptoms often dont recognize the signs that they have chlamydia until a few weeks after theyve been infected. Because chlamydia cases are often asymptomatic, its easy to spread chlamydia to someone else without realizing it. And its easy to miss out on receiving the treatment needed to prevent the serious complications that can result from chlamydia.
How Does Chlamydia Treatment Work
Chlamydia treatment works by stopping the bacteria that causes chlamydia from producing an important protein which it needs to multiply. This stops the bacteria from growing and replicating, so your symptoms should improve as your body is cleared of chlamydia.
The first line treatment for chlamydia in the UK is doxycycline. The usual dose is one tablet to be taken twice daily for 7 days. You can swallow doxycycline tablets whole with water and take them with or without food. You should sit up for about 30 minutes after each dose to prevent symptoms of throat irritation or stomach upset.
You May Like: Amoxicillin For Gonorrhea And Chlamydia
Can I Still Pass On Chlamydia During Treatment
Yes, youre at risk of catching and passing on chlamydia during treatment. You will still be contagious because not enough of the bacteria that causes chlamydia will have been killed off at this point.
You should avoid all sexual contact during treatment. This includes sex with a condom. If your partner has chlamydia too, wait until you both have finished treatment and are free of symptoms to have sex .