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What Is The Antibiotic Used For Chlamydia

What Should You Do If You Test Positive For Chlamydia Or Gonorrhea

Chlamydia infection, the most common STD, and sometimes asymptomatic

Testing positive for gonorrhea or chlamydia is a nerve-wracking experience, but its important to stay calm. If you test positive for either STD, seek medical treatment right away. If your symptoms do not improve after taking the prescribed antibiotics, make sure to contact your doctor to discuss other treatment options so you can avoid these serious complications.

Be sure to get tested again once you have completed the full course of antibiotics. Taking another test will help you confirm that the treatment was successful. If you are still testing positive for either gonorrhea or chlamydia after completing your treatment, contact your doctor to discuss your next steps.

You will also need to reach out to your sexual partners as soon as possible after testing positive for chlamydia or gonorrhea. Share your test results with your sexual partners and encourage them to get tested right away. This may be an uncomfortable conversation, but you shouldnt put it off. Telling your sexual partners about your test results right away is the only way to stop the spread of chlamydia and gonorrhea.

Complications Associated With The Treatment Of Chlamydial Infections

The primary frontline antichlamydial antibiotics, tetracyclines and azithromycin , are highly effective in the treatment of uncomplicated chlamydial infections . However, accumulating data suggest that a break in the normal chlamydial developmental cycle can result in persistence and long-term infection that is refractory to antibiotic therapy. An understanding of this phenomenon is far from complete. Although 50% of genital C. trachomatis infections resolve spontaneously within 1 year of testing , a further understanding of long-term infections is important, because it is hypothesized that persistence can cause a cascade of potentially serious inflammatory-induced sequelae, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, blindness, arthritis, asthma and atherosclerosis .

How Is Chlamydia Spread What Antibiotics Treat Chlamydia

You can get chlamydia by having genital, rectal, or oral sex with a person who has chlamydia.

If your sex companion is male you can still obtain chlamydia even if he does not climax.

If youve had chlamydia and also were dealt with in the past, you can still obtain infected again. This can occur if you have unprotected sex with somebody who has chlamydia.

If you are pregnant, you can provide chlamydia to your infant during childbirth.

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Side Effects Of Azithromycin Chlamydia Treatment

As with any form of medication, when you buy Azithromycin it may have side effects. For a full list of side effects, before you buy Azithromycin online, please read the medication Patient Information Leaflet.

Below are a few of the common side effects of taking Azithromycin:

  • Diarrhoea
  • Joint pain
  • Fatigue
  • Change in the quantity of the white blood cells and the concentration of bicarbonate in the blood

How Do I Dispose Of Azithromycin Chlamydia Treatment

Azithromycin

Whenever you buy Azithromycin online it will come in blister packs that are not currently recyclable, so once they have been used can be disposed of in a general waste bin. If the Azithromycin are unfinished dispose of medication safely and drop them off at a local pharmacy. Cardboard packaging and paper patient information leaflets are recyclable.

For any more information on disposal of Azithromycin you can use our free Ask-a-Pharmacist service.

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Diagnosis And Treatment Of Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection

KARL E. MILLER, M.D., University of Tennessee College of Medicine, Chattanooga, Tennessee

Am Fam Physician. 2006 Apr 15 73:1411-1416.

Chlamydia trachomatis infection most commonly affects the urogenital tract. In men, the infection usually is symptomatic, with dysuria and a discharge from the penis. Untreated chlamydial infection in men can spread to the epididymis. Most women with chlamydial infection have minimal or no symptoms, but some develop pelvic inflammatory disease. Chlamydial infection in newborns can cause ophthalmia neonatorum. Chlamydial pneumonia can occur at one to three months of age, manifesting as a protracted onset of staccato cough, usually without wheezing or fever. Treatment options for uncomplicated urogenital infections include a single 1-g dose of azithromycin orally, or doxycycline at a dosage of 100 mg orally twice per day for seven days. The recommended treatment during pregnancy is erythromycin base or amoxicillin. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommend screening for chlamydial infection in women at increased risk of infection and in all women younger than 25 years.

SORT: KEY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PRACTICE

Azithromycin or doxycycline is recommended for the treatment of uncomplicated genitourinary chlamydial infection.

SORT: KEY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PRACTICE

Azithromycin or doxycycline is recommended for the treatment of uncomplicated genitourinary chlamydial infection.

What Medication Is Prescribed For Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a bacterial sexually transmitted infection . While most patients who have been treated for chlamydia are asymptomatic, it is imperative to be treated if you or a partner may have been exposed. The CDC recommended treatment for chlamydia is Azithromycin 1 g by mouth in a single dose or Doxycycline 100 mg by mouth twice a daily for 7 day. These options are equally as effective and chosen based on preference and patience tolerance to antibiotics.

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Doxycycline: New Treatment Of Choice For Genital Chlamydia Infections

In the 1998 Canadian Sexually Transmitted Disease Guidelines, azithromycin replaced doxycycline as treatment of choice for chlamydia infection. Azithromycin was also listed before doxycycline for non-gonococcal urethritis , muco-purulent cervicitis and as co-treatment with cefixime for uncomplicated gonorrhea. Sexual contacts are traditionally treated with the same medication as index cases. In the 1998 and 2002 US guidelines, however, azithromycin and doxycycline were equivalent first-line treatments for these conditions . From 1998, azithromycin was provided free of charge from BCCDC for the treatment of laboratory-confirmed cases of genital chlamydia infections and their contacts.

Important research findings dictate a return to doxycycline as the treatment of choice for uncomplicated urethral, cervical, and oral chlamydia infections, for NGU and MPC, and as co-treatment for uncomplicated gonorrhea.

Efficacy

In research studies, doxycycline and azithromycin have been shown to be equivalent for the treatment of genital chlamydia infection. A meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials showed equal efficacy with no difference in adverse events.

Effectiveness

Antimicrobial resistance

Cost

A course of azithromycin costs the British Columbia health care system $18.15, whereas a course of doxycycline is $4.06. Cost should not be a factor when the more expensive medication is more effective but, in this case, the cheaper medication is equal or superior.

Box 1diseases Caused By Chlamydiae

Chlamydia Infection Symptoms and Treatment (Antibiotic)

Ocular

It is estimated that 40 million individuals worldwide have active trachoma caused by singular or mixed infections of Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia pneumoniae and Chlamydia psittaci . An additional 8.2 million have trichiasis and 1.3 million are blind as a result of ocular infections caused by chlamydia. Particular strains of C. trachomatis that cause trachoma are hyperendemic to regions of sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, Asia and parts of South and Central America however, the distribution and involvement of C. pneumoniae and C. psittaci strains in active trachoma cases around the world is currently unknown . Transmission occurs through both direct and indirect contact, and roughly 25% of all individuals infected are children under the age of 10 years. However, serious disease and blindness is found in older individuals caused by cumulative scarification left by untreated infections .

Genital

Sexually transmitted infections caused by C. trachomatis are the most prevalent bacterial cause of sexually transmitted infections worldwide, and around 92 million men and women are estimated to be infected . The majority of infections are asymptomatic in both men and women, but if left untreated can result in a variety of pathologies, including urethritis, cervicitis, salpingitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy and infertility .

Respiratory

Arthritis

Zoonotic respiratory infections

Veterinary

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How Do I Know If I Have Chlamydia

If you suspect you have chlamydia, your doctor may want to test cervical or penile discharge or urine using one of several available methods.

In most cases of chlamydia, the cure rate is 95%. However, because many women don’t know they have the disease until it has caused serious complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease, sexually active women under age 25 and others at higher risk should be tested for chlamydia once a year during their annual pelvic exam even if they dont have symptoms.

Pregnant women should also be tested as part of their routine lab work.

Does Chlamydia Treatment Have Side Effects

An antibiotic called Doxycycline is the most common medicine used to treat chlamydia. Like most medicines, it can cause mild side effects. The most common side effects of Doxycycline are nausea, vomiting, upset stomach, loss of appetite, mild diarrhea, skin rash or itching, change in skin color, vaginal itching, or discharge. These side effects should go away after you finish taking the medicine. Talk to your nurse or doctor about any medicines youre already taking and any medical issues you already have before taking Doxycycline.

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Can You Get Chlamydia More Than Once

Yes, you can get the infection even if youve successfully treated it already.

A sexual partner who has chlamydia can transmit it to you again, even if youve already had it and treated it.

You can also get chlamydia again if it wasnt fully treated the first time. This can happen if you stop taking the necessary treatment. Its important to complete the antibiotics youve been given, even if your symptoms get better.

The CDC recommends getting tested 3 months after treatment of your initial infection to ensure the infection is cleared.

How Is Chlamydia Treated

Can You Get Chlamydia Tablets In A Pharmacy

Chlamydia can be easily treated with a short course of antibiotics. You may be able to take all the antibiotics in one day, or over a week, depending on the type of treatment you are prescribed.

Its important to not have sex until you and your current sexual partner/s have finished treatment. If youve had the one-day course of treatment, you should avoid having sex for seven days afterwards. Ask your healthcare professional when its safe to have sex again.

Remember that if youve been treated for chlamydia you are not immune and you can get infected again.

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The Best Antibiotics For Chlamydia: First

Chlamydia can be easily treated and cured with antibiotics. However, not all antibiotics are effective.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends doxycycline or azithromycin as first-choice antibiotic for the treatment of genital chlamydia. These medications are very effective for both acute and persistent infections.

Important note: To avoid reinfection, persons with chlamydia should abstain from sexual activity until they and their sex partners have completed the treatment.

Put Sex On Hold During And After Chlamydia Treatment

If you were given a single dose of antibiotics to treat your chlamydia, you should not have any kind of sex for a full seven days after the day you took the medicine. If youre taking antibiotics for a week, wait another seven days after the last day of your treatment. Be sure to take all of the medicine that is prescribed for you.

Not having sex for seven days after treatment is important so you dont spread the infection to your partner or partners.

Medication stops the infection and can keep you from spreading the disease, but it wont cure any permanent damage that the infection caused before you started treatment. In women, such damage can include blocking the fallopian tubes, causing infertility.

If you still have symptoms for more than a few days after you stop taking your medicine, go back to see your doctor or other healthcare provider so they can check you again.

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Chlamydia Treatment And Prevention

Milly DawsonSanjai Sinha, MDShutterstock

Chlamydia is easy to cure. If you test positive for chlamydia, basically you take an antibiotic, says Jill Rabin, MD, cochief in the division of ambulatory care for women’s health programs and prenatal care assistance program services for Northwell Health in New Hyde Park, New York.

Your partner must take an antibiotic, too, to keep them from reinfecting you, she says.

You have to have your partner treated, and if you have more than one partner, they should all be treated, says Dr. Rabin, regardless of your partners genders.

Even if you dont have chlamydia now, its wise to learn how to protect yourself so you wont develop this common infection in the first place. In women, chlamydia can create serious health problems, including infertility. Besides, no one ever wants to have a sexually transmitted disease and then have to tell other people about it.

Chlamydial Resistance To Individual Antibiotic Classes

Antibiotic Doxycycline

Chlamydiae are known to acquire resistance through mutations to six major classes of antibiotics. Both naturally acquired and laboratory-generated resistance found in selected chlamydial strains have facilitated the study of conserved biological pathways, such as peptidoglycan synthesis, folate synthesis and methionine synthesis, which cannot be approached directly in the chlamydial system . The ability to generate resistant mutants has supported new experimental methods that facilitate recombination and transformation in or between Chlamydiae in vitro . The following sections will describe resistance phenotypes that are stably expressed by Chlamydiae in cell culture systems.

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How Do I Test For Chlamydia

You can get tested for chlamydia even if you dont have any symptoms.

Getting tested for chlamydia is easy and doesnt hurt. A healthcare professional will ask for a urine sample and/or take a swab from the area that might be infected. This is usually the lower part of the womb or the vagina for women, and the tip of the penis for men. If youve had anal or oral sex, you may have a swab taken from your anus or throat.

In some countries you can get a self-testing kit to do at home.

If you test positive for chlamydia, its important to tell any recent sexual partner/s so they can also get tested, and treated if necessary. If you need advice about how to do this, speak to your healthcare professional. You should also test for other STIs.

What Are Oral Chlamydia Symptoms

Like most STDs, partners exposed to chlamydia may exhibit no symptoms. Similarly, in oral chlamydia, most people have no symptoms. When symptoms arise, some experience a sore throat. While others, may experience redness of the throat. In any situation, if you or a partner have been exposed to someone who has chlamydia, it is best to get treated as soon as possible to avoid complications.

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How Do You Get Chlamydia

Chlamydia is caused by a bacterial infection called chlamydia trachomatis, that is spread through unprotected sex or any contact with infected genital fluids such as, semen or vaginal fluid. You can get chlamydia by:

  • Having unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has chlamydia even if they are asymptomatic.
  • Sharing sex toys that have not been washed before use or covered with a clean condom each time they are used.
  • Your genitals coming into contact with your sexual partners genitals who is already infected with chlamydia. Even if there is no penetration, orgasm or ejaculation you can still catch chlamydia.
  • Infected semen or vaginal fluid getting into your eyes or other body part that is moistened with infected discharges.
  • Pregnant women with chlamydia can pass on the infection to their unborn baby.

How Typical Is Chlamydia

Chlamydia Antibiotic Tablets, Chlamydia Treatment Online ...

In 2017, greater than 1.7 million instances of chlamydia were reported to the Centers for Condition Control as well as Avoidance . Numerous cases go unreported, so the real number of chlamydia infections every year may be closer to 3 million.

Men and women can both get the infection, yet a lot more cases in women are reported.

Infection prices are highest amongst more youthful women, with the greatest prices of infection occurring in ladies in between ages 15 and 24.

The CDC advises that all sexually active ladies ages 25 years as well as more youthful get screened for chlamydia every year, as well as older females with risk aspects like several or brand-new partners.

Statistically, a person is more probable to obtain an STI if theyve had sex with more than someone. Various other threat elements consist of having had an STI in the past, or currently have an infection due to the fact that this can lower resistance.

Rates for chlamydia and also other STIs have actually been climbing in recent times.

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How Is Chlamydia Diagnosed

You can only detect chlamydia through tests ordered by your GP or sexual health clinic.

The best tests for women are doctor-collected cervical/vaginal swabs, self-collected vaginal swabs and urine sample tests.

Men usually have a urine sample sent for tests. Men who have sex with men also may have rectal and/or throat swabs taken.

Parents Have A Role In Chlamydia Prevention

Parents can do two main things to help their kids avoid getting chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections , says Dombrowski. These two things are:

  • Talk openly. Parents can start by talking with their kids about sex and sexual health early, giving the kids accurate information she says. When having these conversations, dont try to frighten children into practicing abstinence or safe sex. Its pretty common for parents to use STIs to talk about what can happen if you have sex or unprotected sex. But using STIs as a scare tactic is not effective, she says. It just makes the kids feel more frightened, more stigmatized, and terrible if they really do get one.
  • Ensure access to condoms. Parents are often focused on preventing pregnancy, says Dombrowski, which can be achieved with various contraceptives besides condoms. Parents should also think about kids having access to condoms for the prevention of chlamydia and other STIs, she says. Parents can leave condoms lying around where kids will find them, without saying much of anything about the condoms, she suggests.
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