How Is Gonorrhea Treated
Youll need antibiotics to treat gonorrhea. Your partner will need treatment, too. The CDC currently recommends a shot of Ceftriaxone, with dosage based on your weight:
- 500 milligrams of Ceftriaxone if you weigh less than 150 kilograms .
- 1 gram of Ceftriaxone if you weigh more than 150 kilograms.
If youre allergic to Cetriaxone, your healthcare provider may give you a shot of Gentamicin plus 2 grams of Azithromycin. Youll take Azithromycin by mouth .
Your provider may prescribe additional medication, like doxycycline, to clear a co-infection with chlamydia. Follow your providers instructions on what medications to take and when.
Its important to consider what treatment can and cant do. Treatment can rid your body of the bacteria. Treatment cant:
- Undo any damage to your body that the infection may have caused before treatment.
- Protect you from future gonorrhea infections.
Its important to take preventive steps to protect yourself after treatment so that you dont get re-infected.
What Are The Symptoms Of Syphilis
Like most STDs, syphilis often does not show symptoms. The only way to know is to get tested.
In the secondary stage, symptoms often include a rash which can be hard to see and usually does not itch. You may feel sick and have mild flu-like symptoms, like a slight fever, tiredness, sore throat, swollen glands, headache, and muscle aches.
So, what can you do to stay safe?
When used correctly, condoms offer one of the most effective methods of protection against STIs, including HIV. Female condoms are also effective and safe.
We are often not aware that they may have an STI.
An outreach worker discusses health issues with young people in Cambodia.Juan Daniel Torres, Courtesy of Photoshare
What Are The Symptoms Of Chlamydia
Chlamydia is known as a silent infection because most infected people are asymptomatic and lack abnormal physical examination findings. Estimates of the proportion of chlamydia-infected people who develop symptoms vary by setting and study methodology two published studies that incorporated modeling techniques to address limitations of point prevalence surveys estimated that only about 10% of men and 5-30% of women with laboratory-confirmed chlamydial infection develop symptoms.21.22 The incubation period of chlamydia is poorly defined. However, given the relatively slow replication cycle of the organism, symptoms may not appear until several weeks after exposure in those persons who develop symptoms.
In women, the bacteria initially infect the cervix, where the infection may cause signs and symptoms of cervicitis , and sometimes the urethra, which may result in signs and symptoms of urethritis . Infection can spread from the cervix to the upper reproductive tract , causing pelvic inflammatory disease , which may be asymptomatic 23 or acute, with typical symptoms of abdominal and/or pelvic pain, along with signs of cervical motion tenderness, and uterine or adnexal tenderness on examination.
Men who are symptomatic typically have urethritis, with a mucoid or watery urethral discharge and dysuria. A minority of infected men develop epididymitis , presenting with unilateral testicular pain, tenderness, and swelling.24
Who Is At Risk For Chlamydia
Whether chlamydia symptoms are present or not, untreated chlamydia can travel to the upper genital tract and cause serious health problems. In women, chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease and cause permanent damage leading to infertility or potentially fatal ectopic pregnancy. In men, untreated cases can lead to epididymitis, which can, but very rarely does, cause sterility.
That Should Be Examined For Gonorrhea
Any type of sexually active person can be infected with gonorrhea. Any person with genital signs such as discharge, burning throughout urination, uncommon sores, or breakout must quit having sex and see a healthcare service provider promptly.
Some individuals should be examined for gonorrhea even if they do not have signs and symptoms or know of a sex companion that has gonorrhea. Any individual that is sexually energetic ought to review his/her threat factors with a healthcare carrier as well as ask whether she or he must be checked for gonorrhea or other Sexually transmitted diseases.
CDC recommends annual gonorrhea testing for all sexually active ladies more youthful than 25 years, as well as older females with threat elements such as brand-new or numerous sex companions, or a sex partner that has a sexually transmitted infection.
Individuals that have gonorrhea ought to likewise be checked for other Sexually transmitted diseases.
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Who Is At Risk And How Can They Prevent It
To prevent contracting either of these infections, a person should use barrier methods, such as condoms, and get tested regularly.
Even when they do not cause any symptoms, these infections can cause complications.
If a person does not seek treatment for gonorrhea, for example, there may be a of contracting HIV. They may also contract disseminated gonococcal infections.
How To Get Tested
A person can meet with a doctor to get a diagnosis for either of these infections.
Most health insurance plans, including Medicare, cover sexually transmitted infection testing completely. If a person does not have health insurance, they can go to a free clinic, their local health departments STI clinic, a student health center, or an urgent care clinic.
Because both chlamydia and gonorrhea can present with no symptoms, it is important that people who are sexually active get tested regularly.
After a doctor has determined which infection a person has contracted, they will prescribe an antibiotic.
People should take the full course of antibiotics and wait an additional 7 days before having sex again. This helps prevent a person from spreading the infection to another person and possibly reinfecting themselves later.
A person can contract both chlamydia and gonorrhea again, even if they have already experienced and treated the STI before.
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How Often Should I Get Checked For Chlamydia
Sexual health check-ups are recommended for anyone who is sexually active. Frequency of testing also depends on your STI risk:
- An annual sexual health check-up is highly recommended if you are sexually active especially if you are under 25.
- Get checked more often during the year if you frequently change sexual partners.
- Remember, you are at greater risk if you have sex without a condom with 1 or multiple sexual partners.
How Common Is Chlamydia
CDC estimates that there were four million chlamydial infections in 2018.3 Chlamydia is also the most frequently reported bacterial sexually transmitted infection in the United States.4 It is difficult to account for many cases of chlamydia. Most people with the infection have no symptoms and do not seek testing. Chlamydia is most common among young people. Two-thirds of new chlamydial infections occur among youth aged 15-24 years.3 Estimates show that 1 in 20 sexually active young women aged 14-24 years has chlamydia.5
Disparities persist among racial and ethnic minority groups. In 2020, chlamydia rates for African Americans/Blacks were six times that of Whites.4 Chlamydia is also common among MSM. Among MSM screened for rectal chlamydial infection, positivity ranges from 3.0% to 10.5%.6,7 Among MSM screened for pharyngeal chlamydial infection, positivity has ranges from 0.5% to 2.3%.7.8
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When Can I Have Unprotected Sex After Chlamydia Treatment
Even if your chlamydia infection has been cured, its not recommended to practice unsafe sex. Having your STD treated doesnt guarantee that the infection will never come back. In fact, many people become infected with STDs multiple times because they continue to have unprotected sex with partners who have untreated STDs.
If you have a regular sexual partner, tell them about your infection so they can get treatment as well. Once youre sure you both got treated, you have to wait until the treatment has had time to be effective before you start having unprotected sex again.
Can You Develop Stds
Some people think that having an STD like chlamydia can lead to the internal development of another STD like gonorrhea. Thats simply not the case, though. STDs dont evolve or transform into different kinds of infection over time. However, having one STD can increase your odds of contracting more STDs in the future.
How Do I Know If I Have Gonorrhea
Some men with gonorrhea may have no symptoms at all. However, men who do have symptoms, may have:
- A burning sensation when urinating
- Painful or swollen testicles .
Most women with gonorrhea do not have any symptoms. Even when a woman has symptoms, they are often mild and can be mistaken for a bladder or vaginal infection. Women with gonorrhea are at risk of developing serious complications from the infection, even if they dont have any symptoms.Symptoms in women can include:
- Painful or burning sensation when urinating
- Increased vaginal discharge
- Vaginal bleeding between periods.
Rectal infections may either cause no symptoms or cause symptoms in both men and women that may include:
- Painful bowel movements.
You should be examined by your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms or if your partner has an STD or symptoms of an STD, such as an unusual sore, a smelly discharge, burning when urinating, or bleeding between periods.
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Chlamydia And Gonorrhea Cases In Arizona
According to the Arizona Department of Health Services, the number of chlamydia cases in Arizona increased by 7% from 2015 to 2016. Both men and women can be infected with chlamydia, but women are at a significantly higher risk of acquiring chlamydia than men. As of 2016, 690 out of every 100,000 women were infected with chlamydia while only 331 out of every 100,000 men were infected with the disease. Rates of gonorrhea increased by 25% from 2015 to 2016 in Arizona, according to the Arizona Department of Health Services. However, the overall number of gonorrhea cases in Arizona are much lower than the number of chlamydia cases. In 2016, 177 out of every 100,000 men were infected with gonorrhea while 126 out of every 100,000 women were infected with the disease.
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Urine Testing For Sexually Transmitted Infections
Several sexually transmitted infections can be detected using urine testing, which is becoming more and more available. Urine chlamydia tests and gonorrhea tests are a lot more pleasant than having to have your cervix or urethra swabbed and are quickly becoming standard practice.
How Long Does It Take For Chlamydia To Go Away After Treatment
Chlamydia infection usually clears after one week of completing your antibiotic treatment. During treatment, you should avoid drinking alcohol as this can reduce how effective the antibiotic is.
You should also avoid having sex during treatment as you could still pass on the infection to your partner. It is common for partners to pass chlamydia between one another if they continue to have sex without completing their treatment, causing repeated infections.
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How Can I Take Care Of Myself
If you are sexually active and considered high risk for gonorrhea, consider regular STI testing. Since many STIs, including gonorrhea, dont cause symptoms, you could have an infection and pass it onto others without knowing it. Untreated gonorrhea can also cause complications that you can avoid with regular testing and prompt treatment.
How Can You Tell If You Have An Std
how can you tell if you have an STD?
Some STDs have symptoms, but many dont, so they can go unnoticed for a long time. For example, it can take more than 10 years for HIV symptoms to show up, and infections like herpes, chlamydia, and gonorrhea can be spread even if there are no symptoms. That said, there are some common symptoms of STDs, like itching, a burning sensation when you pee, and unusual and bad-smelling discharge. If youre noticing any of these, then you need to see a health care provider right away.
But with or without visible symptoms, the only way to know for sure if you have an infection is to get tested. So if youre sexually active, getting tested regularly for STDs is really important, regardless of whether or not youre noticing any unusual symptoms.
There are different tests for different STDs, so you can talk to your health care provider to decide what tests make the most sense for you. You can also use this tool to figure out if you should get tested.
Planned Parenthood delivers vital reproductive health care, sex education, and information to millions of people worldwide. Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc. is a registered 501 nonprofit under EIN 13-1644147. Donations are tax-deductible to the fullest extent allowable under the law.
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Telling A Sexual Partner About A Gonorrhea Diagnosis
If you dont feel comfortable telling a sexual partner directly, services like Partner Notification Services may help.
This program works with local and state health departments and helps find and notify partners to anonymously advise them of their exposure to STIs. They then help provide testing and referrals to other services.
You can learn more about the program, including how to contact your local health department, here.
When Should I See My Healthcare Provider
When it comes to chlamydia, its a good idea to be proactive. Speak with your healthcare provider about your risks of infection. Make a plan to get screened regularly for STIs based on your providers recommendations for how often you should be tested. Make an appointment with your healthcare provider if your partner tests positive for chlamydia or if you notice any signs or symptoms that you may be infected.
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Is Gonorrhea 100 Percent Curable
Yes, gonorrhea can be cured with the right treatment. It is important that you take all of the medication your doctor prescribes to cure your infection. Medication for gonorrhea should not be shared with anyone. Although medication will stop the infection, it will not undo any permanent damage caused by the disease.
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Wednesday 25 March 2020
The clap, the clam, the pox, the gift that keeps on giving weve created so many slang terms to make sexually transmissible infections seem a little bit funnier and a little less serious. But when the long-term side effects of STIs can include chronic pelvic pain, infertility and in rare cases, cancer, it turns out they are no laughing matter.
You wont be able to tell for sure if you or the person youre having sex with has an STI without being tested, because these nasty infections dont always cause symptoms that you can see or feel.
That makes it kinda tricky, as people can be having sex without knowing theyre infected, which means the infection could be passed on and be causing damage to your body unnoticed. But its also simple, really simple to be sexually healthy. You see, there are a couple of easy things you can do to have a confident and healthy sex life, to look after your body and make sure you dont have an infection that could cause you harm. Weve got you covered here with a rundown of the most common STIs, what they can do to your body and simple ways you can prevent getting them.
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A Word From Same Day Std Testing
Any STD can cause significant physical harm. From infertility to organ failure, STDs present a major health risk to sexually active individuals. Thats why its so important for everyone to receive comprehensive STD tests on a regular basis. When you visit one of our facilities, youll not only receive empathetic care and privacy, youll also gain access to the best tests on the market. Call one of our professionals to schedule an appointment here at , or to get tested right away, visit a facility near you!
What Happens If I Get Gonorrhea During Pregnancy
Talk to your healthcare provider. You can pass the infection on to your baby during delivery, which can cause health problems for your newborn. Babies born to birthing parents with untreated gonorrhea are at risk for complications like low birth weight and blindness.
Your provider will help you get the right testing and treatment to keep you and your baby safe.