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How To Tell You Have Chlamydia

What To Think About

How To Tell Someone You Have An STD | Planned Parenthood Video

Some people who have chlamydia may also have gonorrhea. In that case, treatment includes antibiotics that kill both chlamydia and gonorrhea. For more information, see the topic Gonorrhea.

Reinfection can occur. Symptoms that continue after treatment are probably caused by another chlamydia infection rather than treatment failure. To prevent reinfection, sex partners need to be evaluated and treated.

Repeated chlamydia infections increase the risk for pelvic inflammatory disease . Even one infection can lead to PID without proper treatment. Make sure to take your antibiotics exactly as prescribed. Take the full course of medicine, even if you feel better in a couple of days.

Some doctors recommend retesting 3 to 12 months after treatment to reduce the risk of complications from reinfection.footnote 4

If you have chlamydia, your doctor will send a report to the state health department. Your personal information is kept confidential. The health department may contact you about telling your sex partner or partners that they may need treatment.

Can You Prevent Chlamydia

You can lower your risk of getting chlamydia and other STIs by:

  • using a condom every time you have vaginal, oral or anal sex
  • not having sex with someone with chlamydia, even with a condom, until theyve finished treatment and 1 week has passed since their last dose of antibiotics
  • regularly getting tested for STIs, especially if you are under 30 and sexually active

Remember that most people with chlamydia dont show any symptoms and dont know they have it, so feeling ‘well’ does not mean that you or your partner are not infected. If in doubt, get tested.

If you have chlamydia, you can help reduce the spread by letting your recent sexual partners know so they can get tested and treated.

The Key Questions About Chlamydia In Men

According to 2018 figures from Public Health England, a higher percentage of young men tested positive for chlamydia compared to women. Despite this, the number of young men getting tested was half of the number of women getting testing. Weve created this article, focussing specifically on chlamydia in men, to answer the key questions surrounding the STI.

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How Do I Prevent Chlamydia

Using condoms every time you have sex can greatly reduce the risk of contracting chlamydia. Condoms should be used not just during ejaculation, but before any genital or sexual contact starts. If you are having oral-vaginal sex, use a dental dam to stay protected.

Ask a partner whether theyâve been tested recently for STIs before starting sexual contact. If a partner has sex with multiple people, ask about their STI status and encourage them to also get tested. Limiting the number of sexual partners you are exposed to will also decrease your risk of contracting chlamydia.

For people with female reproductive organs, a yearly gynecologic visit is recommended, even for those in a monogamous longterm relationship. People who are sexually active should always be screened for chlamydia. The screening can easily be performedâon a urine specimen, or as part of a pelvic exam.

How Do I Get Tested For Chlamydia

How To Tell If You Have Chlamydia

Testing for chlamydia is easy. Testing is usually done on a urine sample or on a swab collected either by yourself or your doctor or nurse.

Urine test

You will be asked to urinate into a jar. It is best if you have not passed urine for 20 minutes before the sample is collected.

Swab test

  • men who have a discharge can have a swab taken from the opening of the penis
  • men who have sex with men can have an anal and throat swab taken if there has been unprotected anal or oral sex
  • women who don’t have symptoms can have either a self-collected swab taken from the vagina or a urine test. A self-collected vaginal swab is a bit more accurate than a urine test. Some women may be advised to have an anal swab taken
  • women can have swabs collected during an examination by their doctor or nurse:
  • if there are symptoms such as pain, discharge or abnormal bleeding
  • at the same time as a cervical screening test

Also Check: Chlamydia And Gonorrhea In Men

Getting Tested And Treated For Chlamydia

If you have had unprotected sex and you think you may have been exposed to chlamydia or another STI you should get tested. If youre diagnosed you should let your partner know and get treated before you have sex again.

You can do this for free at your GP surgery, a sexual health clinic or a GUM clinic. You can also order home test kits from LloydsPharmacy Online Doctor.You should get tested if you are experiencing the kinds of symptoms described above, or if your sexual partner has been diagnosed with chlamydia. If you are under 25 and sexually active its recommended that you get tested at least once a year, and every time you change sexual partners whether or not you have symptoms.

Click here to visit our sexual health tests for men page and order test kits for chlamydia and other STIs.

References

Are There Complications Of Chlamydia

Chlamydia can cause serious complications if it isnt treated promptly and properly.

Untreated chlamydia can trigger arthritis, skin rashes, and inflammation in the eye or rectum.

For women, chlamydia can spread into the uterus and the fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease . This can cause problems with pregnancy, such as ectopic pregnancy. Women with untreated chlamydia have up to a 1 in 12 chance of becoming infertile. In men, chlamydia can spread to the testicles and the tubes that carry sperm, causing pain and fertility problems.

Pregnant women who are infected with chlamydia have a higher chance of miscarriage or premature birth. Their babies may also get an eye or lung infection. You can read more about chlamydia and pregnancy here.

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Why Wait Seven Days After Chlamydia Treatment

If youre getting treatment for chlamydia, avoid oral, anal, or vaginal sex until seven days after the treatment is over. As chlamydia is a bacteria, your health care provider will most likely prescribe you antibiotics that need time to be effective.

If your partner is getting treatment, you should wait seven days after they take all of their medicine. If you dont wait for the treatment to be effective and have sex earlier, you can get the infection again.

How Long Can You Have Chlamydia Before It Causes Damage

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Symptoms usually appear within one to three weeks after being infected and may be very mild. If not treated, chlamydia can lead to damage to the reproductive system. In women, chlamydial infection can spread to the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease , according to the CDC.

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Bumps And Genital Warts

The appearance of bumps on the lips, or labia, of your vagina can indicate a sexually transmitted infection. If you have contracted the herpes simplex virus and now have genital herpes, you may develop clusters of red bumps around your vagina. Without treatment, they can turn into blisters that can rupture or leak blood or fluid, which can make urination painful.

Another STD that causes new bumps to appear on your body is syphilis. One of the first symptoms of syphilis is a firm, round sore in your genital area. Called a chancre, it doesnât typically hurt, but it may appear to be open or wet.

If you notice this symptom, talk with your healthcare provider and consider getting tested immediately. Syphilis is highly contagious and, over time, can cause serious complications such as organ and brain damage if left untreated. You should never ignore these types of sores.

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How Can Doctors Tell If I Have Chlamydia

  • Doctors suspect chlamydia based on your symptoms

  • To tell for sure, theyll do tests on your urine or on a sample from your penis, vagina, throat, or rectum

Your doctor may put a small cotton swab in your penis, throat, or rectum to get a sample of fluid to test. If you’re a woman, your doctor will look in your vagina using a plastic speculum and swab the discharge from your cervix .

If you’re pregnant or are at higher risk of having chlamydia, your doctor may do a urine test for chlamydia when you don’t have any symptoms. Women are at higher risk if they:

  • Are having sex and are under age 25

  • Have ever had an STI

  • Do risky sexual activities

  • Have a partner who does risky sexual activities

Men are at higher risk if they:

  • Have had sex with a man in the past year

Doctors may also test your blood or urine for other STIs because many people have more than one STI.

Also Check: Where Can I Get Treated For Chlamydia For Free

How Long Can You Have Chlamydia Without Knowing Years Or Months

How long can you have chlamydia without knowing is a common question after an unprotected sexual contact.

What is chlamydia infection?

Chlamydia infection, caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, is a common sexually transmitted infection that affects both men and women. In the united stated, more than 1.4 million new cases of chlamydia are detected yearly.

Chlamydia can affect the eyes , the joints, the vagina, anus and the penis. It may sometimes cause infertility if left untreated in men and women.

In women, chlamydia infection can ascend up the genital tracts resulting to pelvic inflammatory disease with symptoms like fever, abdomen pain and difficulty conceiving.

Chlamydia trachomatis infection is transmitted through

  • Unprotected anal intercourse
  • Heavy period
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • If youve had intercourse with these symptoms, then its likely you have chlamydia. You should inform your doctor ASAP or get a chlamydia test kit to detect chlamydia.

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    Use An Anonymous Notification Program

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  • A notification service lets you avoid having this conversation. Although most people prefer to have conversations about STIs in person, rather than over text or phone call, this kind of notification is far better than no notification at all.XTrustworthy SourcePubMed CentralJournal archive from the U.S. National Institutes of HealthGo to source If you want to remain anonymous while giving your boyfriend a text that he has been exposed to chlamydia, try using a service like Tell Your Partner, which will deliver him a message giving him the news without outing you.
  • These services can be a good way of reaching out to ex-partners and hookups as well. With chlamydia, its important to notify everyone youve had sex with in the past 6 months.XResearch source
  • Read Also: I Got Treated For Chlamydia

    How Chlamydia Tests Are Carried

    The experts will ask you for urine sample and in order to generate best results it is essential to refrain passing urine for at least two hours before taking the test sample. In case you were engaged in anal sex and are now experiences few symptoms of Chlamydia then it is important to visit GP and follow procedures for swab of your throat or rectrum.

    These samples will be processed in laboratories and you will get final results within few days. But in case if you cannot wait so long then it is good to order a home Chlamydia testing kit and get it delivered within 48 hours.

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    Get Tested To Be Sure You Have Chlamydia

  • Without a proper diagnosis, you may not have chlamydia at all. Many symptoms of chlamydia, including pelvic discomfort and painful urination, are also shared by infections like UTIs. Avoid diagnosing yourself with chlamydia, and if you havent already visited a doctor or a sexual health clinic, do so as soon as possible.XTrustworthy SourcePubMed CentralJournal archive from the U.S. National Institutes of HealthGo to source
  • To test for chlamydia, your doctor may ask for a urine sample or take samples of any discharge from your genital area.
  • Recommended Reading: How To Cure Chlamydia Male

    How Is Chlamydia Prevented

    You already know chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection. Therefore, the safest and easiest way to prevent chlamydia is sexual abstinence. Other ways chlamydia can be prevented in men and women are

    • Use condoms for intercourse
    • Get your male or female sexual partners tested for the infection
    • Recheck for chlamydia infection after 5 weeks of treatment
    • Avoid intercourse while on chlamydia treatment
    • Use adult toys with condoms

    Now its your turn. Do you have any chlamydia symptoms? Let us know if we can help.

    Can You Get Pregnant If You Have Chlamydia

    The chlamydia song

    Sexual health plays an important role in fertility. Many STDs can cause scarring and inflammation, making it more difficult to conceive, even after the infection has been treated.

    In the case of chlamydia, the infection can damage your reproductive health, if left untreated. The bacteria can cause PID which can do permanent damage to your reproductive system. PID can lead to inflammation, scarring, and blockage in your reproductive organs. In some cases, it can also cause ectopic pregnancy which can be deadly if the pregnancy isnt removed in time.

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    How Can Chlamydia Be Prevented

    Latex male condoms, when used consistently and correctly, can reduce the risk of getting or giving chlamydia.53 The surest way to avoid chlamydia is to abstain from vaginal, anal, and oral sex, or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and is known to be uninfected.

    What Happens If I Get Chlamydia When I’m Pregnant

    • Chlamydia during pregnancy has been associated in very rare cases with problems such as premature birth, and infection of the uterus lining after the birth.
    • It can be passed to the baby during the birth and before the baby is born. This can cause inflammation and discharge in the babys eye and/or pneumonia.
    • You may be offered a chlamydia test as part of your antenatal care.
    • Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics when youre pregnant and when youre breastfeeding. The antibiotics wont harm the baby, but do tell the doctor or nurse that youre pregnant or breastfeeding.
    • Youll be advised to have another test after you complete your treatment.

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    Male Complications Of Untreated Chlamydia

    Men can also experience complications when chlamydia is left untreated. The epididymis the tube that holds the testicles in place may become inflamed, causing pain. This is known as epididymitis.

    The infection can also spread to the prostate gland, causing a fever, painful intercourse, and discomfort in the lower back. Another possible complication is male chlamydial urethritis.

    These are just some of the most common complications of untreated chlamydia, which is why its important to get medical attention right away. Most people who get treatment quickly have no long-term medical problems.

    Telling Your Partner You Have Chlamydia

    How to Recognize Chlamydia Symptoms (for Men): 11 Steps

    Having an STI conversation with your partner can be a bit uncomfortable. If you have been tested and the tests came back positive for chlamydia, that only makes the situation worse. So, what next? How do you break the news to your partner and get them to visit a doctor as well?

    First, understand that chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections today. Also, note that chlamydia treatment is as quick and straightforward as taking some antibiotics. However, its best to find out as soon as possible if youre infected as delayed treatment can lead to infertility in women, as well as other complications. Here is a guide on how to break it to your partner that you have chlamydia.

    Switch the Roles

    If you are not sure of how to handle the situation, try putting yourself into your partners shoes. Would you prefer someone being honest or hiding such a piece of sensitive information from you? Most people appreciate honesty, no matter how bitter it may seem at the moment. In this case, the condition affects your health and that of your partner as well, so it would be better if you take the responsibility of addressing the issue.

    The More Direct, The Better

    Allow the Conversation to Flow Naturally

    Play an Advisory Role

    Some partners may be too shocked to want to listen further. In this case, avail any materials that will help them understand the STI, its causes and cures. Also, let your partner take their time to digest the information.

    Give Room for Questions

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    Symptoms Of Throat Chlamydia

    Where symptoms do appear in cases of throat chlamydia. People may experience:

    • A sore or swollen throat
    • Mouth pain
    • Sores around the lips and mouth
    • Mouth sores that do not heal

    It is common for people living with chlamydia in the throat to believe that they are living with a common cold or flu virus.

    It is possible to have oral and genital chlamydia infection at the same time, therefore it is important to look out for the symptoms of both.

    Should I Get A Chlamydia Test

    It can be a good idea to screen for chlamydia and other STIs if youâre considering having sexual intercourse with a new partner. If you believe you have been exposed to chlamydia or are experiencing symptoms , consider screening for infection by visiting a local clinicâ âor take a chlamydia test at home.

    Also, according to the CDC, if youre a sexually active woman younger than 25, you should test for chlamydia and gonorrhea at least once a year . You should also get tested yearly if youre 25 or older and have risk factors like new or multiple sex partners. The CDC also recommends annual gonorrhea and chlamydia testing for gay and bisexual men.

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