In Both Males And Females
Complications that may be seen in anyone include:
- Other STIs. Chlamydia and gonorrhea both make you more susceptible to other STIs, including human immunodeficiency virus . Having chlamydia can also increase your risk of developing gonorrhea, and vice versa.
- Reactive arthritis . Also called Reiters syndrome, this condition results from an infection in your urinary tract or intestines. Symptoms of this condition cause pain, swelling, or tightness in your joints and eyes, and a variety of other symptoms.
- Infertility. Damage to reproductive organs or to sperm can make it more challenging or, in some cases, impossible to become pregnant or to impregnate your partner.
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Danger Factors For Getting Gonorrhea And Chlamydia Are Frequently Indistinguishable And Include:
- Having numerous sex partners. Youre bound to be presented to somebody with an explicitly sent contamination if you have numerous sex partners.
- Unprotected sex. Condom utilization during sex generously decreases the danger of getting a sexually transmitted infection, so your danger is higher if you have unprotected sex.
- Having different STIs: If you as of now have a sexually transmitted infection, you can be at a more serious danger of getting another STI. For instance, if you contract chlamydia, you could be bound to contract gonorrhea.
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Why Is This Medication Prescribed
Ceftriaxone injection is used to treat certain infections caused by bacteria such as gonorrhea , pelvic inflammatory disease , meningitis , and infections of the lungs, ears, skin, urinary tract, blood, bones, joints, and abdomen. Ceftriaxone injection is also sometimes given before certain types of surgery to prevent infections that may develop after the operation. Ceftriaxone injection is in a class of medications called cephalosporin antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria.
Antibiotics such as ceftriaxone injection will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections.Using antibiotics when they are not needed increases your risk of getting an infection later that resists antibiotic treatment.
Chlamydia Signs In Men
Many men dont discover the symptoms of chlamydia. A lot of guys have no signs in any way.
If signs do appear, its typically 1 to 3 weeks after transmission.
Some of one of the most usual symptoms of chlamydia in men include:
- burning experience during urination
- pain in the lower abdomen
- pain in the testicles
Its also feasible to obtain a chlamydia infection in the rectum. In this instance, the primary signs are commonly discharge, pain, and hemorrhaging from this area.
Having oral sex with somebody that has the infection increases the risk of obtaining chlamydia in the throat. Signs and symptoms can include a sore throat, cough, or high temperature. Its also possible to bring bacteria in the throat and not know it. Signs Of Gonorrhea And Chlamydia
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Alternative And Complementary Therapies
Gonorrhea is curable with antibiotics, provided the medications are taken as prescribed there arent any alternative therapies that have been proven to cure the disease.
Sexually Transmitted Infections, N. gonorrhoeae
While the Listerine study raises intriguing possibilities, it does not prove that Listerine cures gonorrhea. People who test positive for gonorrhea should still be treated with antibiotics. In addition, Listerine is not intended to be used in body cavities other than the mouth.
When Should I See My Healthcare Provider
When it comes to chlamydia, its a good idea to be proactive. Speak with your healthcare provider about your risks of infection. Make a plan to get screened regularly for STIs based on your providers recommendations for how often you should be tested. Make an appointment with your healthcare provider if your partner tests positive for chlamydia or if you notice any signs or symptoms that you may be infected.
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What Causes Chlamydia And Gonorrhea
Both infections are caused by bacteria. Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium while Chlamydia is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium.
Any sexually active person can become infected with gonorrhea or chlamydia, but there are some factors that can increase the risk of contracting the infection.
- Having unprotected sex with new or multiple partners
- Having a sex partner with confirmed chlamydia, gonorrhea, or another STI
- If youre young and sexually active
- If you currently have another STI
- If youve recently had another STI
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of An Std
The signs and symptoms of STD dont show up during the early stages and the infected person can be walking around with STD for several without evening knowing about it. Usually, the signs appear in the second week since the contraction of the disease. The most common symptoms of STDs are
- Abnormal vaginal/penile discharge
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How Common Is Gonorrhea
Gonorrhea is a very common infectious disease. CDC estimates that approximately 1.6 million new gonococcal infections occurred in the United States in 2018, and more than half occur among young people aged 15-24.1 Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported bacterial sexually transmitted infection in the United States.2 However, many infections are asymptomatic, so reported cases only capture a fraction of the true burden.
How Is Gonorrhea Treated
Health care providers treat gonorrhea with an antibiotic. It is given as a shot in the doctors office. It is important to get tested again 3 months after treatment to make sure the infection is cured .
All sexual partners from the past 2 months need treatment too, even if they dont have signs of gonorrhea.
If someone still has symptoms after treatment, they may need treatment with different antibiotics. Or they may have been infected with gonorrhea again.
You should not have sex again until:
- at least 7 days after you and your sexual partner take the antibiotics
- you and your sexual partner do not have signs of gonorrhea
People can get gonorrhea again if:
- Their partners arent treated.
- They get treated but then have sex with someone else who has gonorrhea.
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How To Get Tested
A person can meet with a doctor to get a diagnosis for either of these infections.
Most health insurance plans, including Medicare, cover sexually transmitted infection testing completely. If a person does not have health insurance, they can go to a free clinic, their local health departments STI clinic, a student health center, or an urgent care clinic.
Because both chlamydia and gonorrhea can present with no symptoms, it is important that people who are sexually active get tested regularly.
After a doctor has determined which infection a person has contracted, they will prescribe an antibiotic.
People should take the full course of antibiotics and wait an additional 7 days before having sex again. This helps prevent a person from spreading the infection to another person and possibly reinfecting themselves later.
A person can contract both chlamydia and gonorrhea again, even if they have already experienced and treated the STI before.
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How Do I Recognize The Signs
Chlamydia, like most STIs, is often asymptomatic that means most people wont experience any signs of the infection. If the signs do appear, both women and men will be equally affected. Even though these signs can affect different areas in the body, both sexes will experience them in a similar way.
Here are the most typical signs for women:
- Pain during menstruation
- Fever with pain in the abdomen
- Excessive vaginal discharge often with a bad odor
- Pain during intercourse
Dont have an ob-gyn? Search for doctors near you.
Copyright 2021 by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. All rights reserved. Read copyright and permissions information.
This information is designed as an educational aid for the public. It offers current information and opinions related to womens health. It is not intended as a statement of the standard of care. It does not explain all of the proper treatments or methods of care. It is not a substitute for the advice of a physician. Read ACOGs complete disclaimer.
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Am I At Risk For Chlamydia
Have an honest and open talk with your health care provider. Ask whether you should be tested for chlamydia or other STDs. If you are a sexually active woman younger than 25 years, you should get a test for chlamydia every year. If you are an older woman with risk factors such as new or multiple sex partners, or a sex partner who has an STD, you should get a test for chlamydia every year. Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men as well as pregnant women should also get tested for chlamydia.
What Are The Long
Experts used to think that a one-time chlamydia or gonorrhea infection didnt have any big impact on someones health and life. More recently, they found out that its not the case. Women who test positive for chlamydia, for example, are at risk for several different reproductive problems, and that risk remains throughout 17 years of follow-up, which is way longer than the previously estimated 1 year only. Gonorrhea too can cause irreversible damage. So what are those risks?
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What Are The Treatments For Chlamydia
Antibiotics will cure the infection. You may get a one-time dose of the antibiotics, or you may need to take medicine every day for 7 days. Antibiotics cannot repair any permanent damage that the disease has caused.
To prevent spreading the disease to your partner, you should not have sex until the infection has cleared up. If you got a one-time dose of antibiotics, you should wait 7 days after taking the medicine to have sex again. If you have to take medicine every day for 7 days, you should not have sex again until you have finished taking all of the doses of your medicine.
It is common to get a repeat infection, so you should get tested again about three months after treatment.
Female Complications Of Untreated Chlamydia
Infertility is also possible if chlamydia is left untreated because the fallopian tubes may become scarred.
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How Are Chlamydia And Gonorrhea Treated
Since they are caused by different bacteria, chlamydia and gonorrhea require different treatment plans.Chlamydia is usually treated with one of the following medications:
- Azithromycin : a single pill or course of daily pills taken over approximately one week.
- Doxycycline : Two pills daily for approximately one week.
Since gonorrhea invades the cells, it requires a more aggressive treatment approach. You will usually receive both of the following treatments:
- Ceftriaxon injection.
- Azithromycin : a single pill or course of daily pills taken over approximately one week.
No matter which condition you have, you should follow your medical teams advice carefully to resolve it. Take the full course of medications prescribed, even if you start feeling better, to ensure the infection is totally gone. If you dont complete the antibiotics you may also develop an antibiotic resistance. This can make treating the condition difficult if you catch it again in the future.
You should also postpone sex until your infection has totally cleared up as you can still pass it on to your sexual partners, even if you arent showing symptoms anymore. They can then pass it back to you. If you follow your medical teams treatment plan, both gonorrhea and chlamydia should clear up in one to two weeks.
How Gonorrhoea Is Spread
Gonorrhoea is easily passed between people through:
- sharing vibrators or other sex toys that have not been washed or covered with a new condom each time they’re used
The bacteria can infect the entrance to the womb , the tube that passes urine out of the body , the rectum and, less commonly, the throat or eyes.
The infection can also be passed from a pregnant woman to her baby. If you’re pregnant and may have gonorrhoea, it’s important to get tested and treated before your baby is born.
Without treatment, gonorrhoea can cause permanent blindness in a newborn baby.
Gonorrhoea is not spread by kissing, hugging, swimming pools, toilet seats or sharing baths, towels, cups, plates or cutlery. The bacteria cannot survive outside the human body for long.
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What Else Should I Do If I Have Gonorrhea
To stay safe and keep your sex partner or partners safe, you should:
- Tell anyone you had sex with in the last three months that you have gonorrhea. Its important to do this because gonorrhea may not cause any symptoms. Women especially may not have symptoms and wont know to get tested and treated.
- Wait a week after you finish your medication before resuming your sex life.
- Use condoms and dental dams when you have sex.
- Get tested for HIV and other STDs .
You might think that if you had a sexually transmitted infection you would know, but the fact is that some STIs are usually asymptomatic in women. Two of these silent STIs are chlamydia and gonorrhea. Depending on your age and risk factors, your gynecologist may screen you for both of these STIs at your annual checkup. Thats because if you do have one of these infections and its left untreated, it can cause infertility later on.
Read on to learn more about why you should take chlamydia and gonorrhea screening seriously.
Gonorrhea & Chlamydia: Signs To Look Out For
Youve probably heard about sexually transmitted diseases, but did you know that gonorrhea and chlamydia are two of the most common? In fact, the CDC states there are more than 700,000 cases of gonorrhea and approximately 1.5 million cases of chlamydia in the United States per year. It is estimated that 1 in 20 sexually active young women ages 14-24 are currently infected with chlamydia.
Know the SignsChlamydia and gonorrhea can go unnoticed in both men and women, because many of those infected do not show any symptoms.Women who do experience symptoms often compare them to a urinary tract infection, and may include: Painful urination or sexual intercourse Bleeding between periods Fever Stomach cramps or abdominal pain
Because more than half the women infected with gonorrhea or chlamydia dont experience any symptoms, many do not seek help from a medical professional. This can be dangerous. If untreated, many curable STDs like gonorrhea and chlamydia can lead to other conditions, such as pelvic inflammatory disease . This can cause serious harm to a womans reproductive system, making it difficult, or even impossible, for her to get pregnant. Some physicians believe that, if left untreated, gonorrhea can also increase the likelihood of certain types of cancer.
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How Soon Do Symptoms Appear
In males, symptoms usually appear two to seven days after infection but it can take as long as 30 days for symptoms to begin. Often, there are no symptoms for people infected with gonorrhea 10 to 15 percent of men and about 80 percent of women may have no symptoms. People with no symptoms are at risk for developing complications to gonorrhea. These people also spread this infection unknowingly.
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How Do The Symptoms Compare
Both men and women can get chlamydia or gonorrhea and never develop any symptoms.
With chlamydia, symptoms may not appear for a few weeks after youve contracted the infection. And with gonorrhea, women may never experience any symptoms at all or may only show mild symptoms, while men are more likely to have symptoms that are more severe.
A couple of the most telltale symptoms of these STIs overlap between the two , such as:
- burning when you pee
- abnormal discharge from the rectum
- pain in the rectum
- bleeding from the rectum
You may also develop symptoms that affect your throat if you engage in oral sex with someone who has one of these conditions. This can cause mouth and throat symptoms, including sore throat and a cough.
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How Is Gonorrhea Diagnosed
Your healthcare provider will ask you questions about your symptoms and sexual history. A urine test can often diagnose gonorrhea.
During the physical exam, your provider may:
- Perform a pelvic exam, taking a sample of fluid from the cervix to test.
Your provider will discuss which testing method is best in your situation. You may need to wait a few days for test results to come back from the lab. You may also have chlamydia, another STD. These two infections often occur together. Your provider may test you for both.