Urinary Tract Infection Facts
1. BasicsA urinary tract infection, commonly referred to as a UTI, is an infection in any part of the urinary system. Your urinary system includes your kidneys, bladder, urethra, and ureters. The most common parts that develop infections are the urethra and the bladder. Women are at the greatest risk for getting a urinary tract infection.
2. SymptomsA urinary tract infection may not show any symptoms until the infection worsens. Common signs include a persistent urge to urinate, cloudy urine, pelvic pain, burning while urinating, blood in the urine, and only passing very small amounts of urine at a time. If fever or back pain is present than the infection may have spread to the kidneys, which can be very dangerous.
3. CausesBacteria is to blame for a urinary tract infection. Escherichia coli, or E. coli, is the bacteria that most commonly causes a UTI. This bacteria is found in the gastrointestinal tract and can be spread the the urinary system through the vagina. This can happen due to sexual intercourse or improper wiping. Women are more prone to these because of how short the urethra is.
Exactly How Is Chlamydia Spread Can You Get Rid Of Chlamydia
You can get chlamydia by having vaginal, rectal, or oral sex with somebody that has chlamydia.
If your sex partner is male you can still obtain chlamydia even if he does not ejaculate.
If youve had chlamydia as well as were dealt with in the past, you can still obtain infected once more. This can take place if you have vulnerable sex with a person who has chlamydia.
If you are expecting, you can offer chlamydia to your infant throughout giving birth.
What Are The Symptoms Of Chlamydia
It may be difficult to actually know if you have contracted chlamydia because most people do not have any symptoms at all. The suspicion may only be raised if there has been a known contact with chlamydia or from testing after unprotected sex. It is important that you get tested if you suspect you have chlamydia because there are treatments available and if left untreated it can have serious short-term and long-term effects.
In the short term after infection, some people may experience unusual vaginal or rectal discharge, which is described as yellow or milky white. This is because the chlamydia bacteria infects the cells in the vagina and rectum, stimulating mucous secretion. These secretions combine with dead infected cells to produce discharge.
A white discharge may also be caused by vaginal thrush, however, but this is usually curd-like, often odourless, or smells like bread or yeast. It is also often associated with vaginal itching or redness.
A green, rather than yellow discharge, along with a foul smelling odour, may be due to other sexually transmitted diseases such as trichomoniasis.2 A grey-white watery vaginal discharge that has a strong fishy smell may be due to bacterial vaginosis, which is caused by a disruption of the balance of normal vaginal bacteria.3 So, the difference in colour and smell of the vaginal discharge may differentiate between whether it is likely to be caused by chlamydia or not.
You May Like: Chlamydia Incubation Period For Testing
What Causes A Uti
Most UTIs are caused by E. coli bacteria. E. coli is a harmless microorganism when present in your intestines, colon, and around the anus, but if it is introduced to the urinary tract, a urinary infection occurs. Most UTIs begin when bacteria are introduced to the opening of the urethra and make their way further up the urinary tract. One way this happens, for instance, is by wiping from back to front.
You may also have a higher risk of contracting a UTI by:
- Being female women have a shorter urethra and the urethra is closer to the anus than it is in men, so its easier for bacteria to get to the bladder.
- Having a new sexual partner or having recent sexual activity, because sexual activity can cause bacteria to get pushed towards and into the urethra.
- Wearing tight-fitting clothing or underwear that isnt breathable.
- Using a diaphragm or spermicides for birth control.
- Urinating through a catheter.
- Being pregnant.
- Having a blockage of the urinary tract may occur with kidney stones or an enlarged prostate.
- Being post-menopausal
- Having a weakened immune system, as with diabetes or AIDS.
You can reduce your risk of contracting a UTI by:
Chlamydia Vs Urinary Tract Infection
Here you will learn how a doctor tells the difference between chlamydia and urinary tract infection .
UTI is inflammation of the urethra or bladder that can lead to a kidney infection if left untreated.
Signs and symptoms such as frequent urination, a burning sensation while urinating, urgent urination, and lower abdominal painâcommonly referred as UTI symptomsâcan result from either UTI or chlamydia.
When differentiating between two conditions, itâs important to analyze sign and symptoms in the right context. The right context in this case means considering these things:
- What preceded the signs and symptoms
- When symptoms appeared first
- How the disease has been evolving
Itâs important to distinguish between these two conditions because chlamydia, unlike UTI , can cause irreversible reproductive system damage if itâs not detected and treated.
Don’t Miss: How To Treat Chlamydia In Goats
Treatment For Uti Caused Due To Std
UTI due to Chlamydia treatment: Uncomplicated lower genital tract chlamydia infections can be cured by a single dose or short course of antibiotics such as azithromycin and doxycycline.
UTI due to Gonorrhea treatment: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that uncomplicated gonorrhea be treated with the antibiotic ceftriaxone given as an injection with oral azithromycin
How Is Each Condition Transmitted
Both STIs are caused by bacterial infections that are transmitted through unprotected sexual contact, meaning sex without using a condom, dental dam, or another protective barrier between you and your partner during vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
Its also possible to contract the infection through sexual contact that doesnt involve penetration. For example, if your genitals come into contact with the genitals of someone whos contracted the infection, its possible to develop the condition.
Both STIs can also be contracted through protected sex with a condom or other barrier if you dont use protection properly, or if the barrier breaks.
Either STI can be contracted even if you arent showing visible symptoms. Both STIs can also be transmitted to a child at birth if the mother has either condition.
Youre at increased risk for developing these and other STIs if you:
- have multiple sexual partners at one time
- dont properly use protection, such as condoms, female condoms, or dental dams
- regularly use douches which can irritate your vagina, killing healthy vaginal bacteria
- have contracted an STI before
Sexual assault can also increase your risk of both chlamydia or gonorrhea.
Both STIs can be diagnosed using similar diagnostic methods. Your doctor may use one or more of these tests to ensure that the diagnosis is accurate and that the right treatment is given:
Read Also: Why Do I Keep Getting Chlamydia
What Is The Difference Between Uti And Urethritis
4/5UrethritisUrethritisUTIurinary tractdifferenturethritisexplained here
Urethritis occurs when the urethra is inflamed . This is the tube that passes urine from the bladder to outside the body. The urethracan become swollen and cause burning pain when you urinate. It can cause pain in the abdomen or pelvis.
Also Know, does a UTI make your urethra itch? However, it is also common for people with vaginitis to develop a UTI and pain in the urethra. Symptoms of vaginitis vary depending on the cause but usually include: vaginal itching, burning, or redness. UTI symptoms.
In this regard, what is the best antibiotic for urethritis?
The antimicrobial options in the treatment of urethritis include parenteral ceftriaxone, oral azithromycin, oral ofloxacin, oral ciprofloxacin, oral cefixime, oral doxycycline, and parenteral spectinomycin. Azithromycin and doxycycline have been proven equally efficacious in treating C trachomatis infections.
Can chlamydia be mistaken for a UTI?
Viral infections of the urinary tract are also uncommon. In some instances, bacteria that would cause an STD can cause urinary tract infections. Chlamydia can cause an infection of the urinary tract, and the symptoms of a UTI caused by chlamydia can differ from typical UTIs.
Home care for urethritis relieves its symptoms.
Recognizing Symptoms Of Chlamydia In The Genital Region
How Do I Know If I Have An Std Or Uti
How can you tell the difference between an STD and a UTI? Some STDs have several symptoms in common with UTIs. These symptoms can include pain or burning with urination. UTI’s often have a frequent or urgent need to urinate, a feeling of incomplete bladder emptying, and cloudy, dark, or strange-smelling urine.
How Do You Test For Male Chlamydia
Early testing and treatment of chlamydia is key. If you’ve recently had unprotected sex with a new partner, with someone you suspect may be infected or if you just haven’t been tested for STIs in a while, you should get tested. You can do this at your local GP or GUM clinic, .
Alternatively, you can order a chlamydia test kit from us and take your test at home and further chlamydia treatment if required. Because chlamydia is highly prevalent among 16 to 25 year-olds, chlamydia tests are now offered at most youth clubs and universities too.
You’ll need to provide a urine sample you may need to refrain from passing urine for about two hours leading up to the test to get an accurate result. If you’ve been engaging in oral or anal sex, you should also get a swab test of your rectum or throat.
If you don’t have much time or would prefer a home test, you can order a chlamydia test kit from us and have it delivered to your UK address within 48 hours. Your sample will be sent to a lab for analysis and youll be contacted with the result within a few days.
Read Also: Get Tested For Chlamydia Free
Can An Std Cause A Uti
In short: yes, but rarely. Although most UTIs are caused by E. coli bacteria, this isnt always the case. Other kinds of bacteria, fungi, and viruses can lead to UTIs, though these are less common. In some instances, bacteria that cause STDs, like Chlamydia, can cause urinary tract infections. And because UTIs occur near-sexual organs and can share symptoms with STDs, the two kinds of infections are often erroneously confused.
Can You Recognise Chlamydia From Pictures
Can you tell you if have chlamydia by comparing your visible symptoms with pictures?
No. You cannot tell if you have chlamydia just from the appearance. While you might notice some irritation of the genital area, swelling or discharge, these symptoms can also be caused by other infections. The only way to know that an infection is caused by chlamydia is to have a test.
Could a doctor tell you have chlamydia by looking at visible symptoms?
No. The only way to find out if you have chlamydia is to get tested. After a physical examination your GP may suspect you have chlamydia, but they wont be able to confirm a diagnosis without proper testing.
Could the visible symptoms of chlamydia be mistaken for something else?
Yes, but in many cases chlamydia is symptomless. Symptoms may not occur until 1-3 weeks after you have been infected. The symptoms can also be random and infrequent which can lead individuals to overlook that an infection may be causing the symptoms. It could be that your visible symptoms are a result of a different infection.
You May Like: How To Get Rid Of Chlamydia Naturally
Is There A Cure For Chlamydia And Gonorrhea
Yes. Chlamydia and gonorrhea can both be cured with the right treatment. If these STDs arent treated, they can cause serious health problems, like making it difficult or impossible for a woman to get pregnant.
If you have an STD, its important to get treatment right away. Its also important to tell anyone youve had sex with that you have an STD so they can get treated, too. This can help protect you from getting infected again.
Clinical Manifestations And Complications Of Chlamydial Infection In Male Genitourinary Tract
C. trachomatis is a bacterium whose sexually transmitted strains D-K cause genital tract infections in women and men . However, chlamydia is known as a ‘silent’ pathogen because about three-quarters of infected women and about half of infected men have no symptoms . Symptoms of chlamydia, if present, include discharge of mucopurulent or purulent material, dysuria, urethral pruritus, urinary frequency or urgency, and lower abdominal or pelvic pain and show up about 1 to 3 weeks after being infected. One of the most common symptoms for in cases of chlamydia in men is a painful urination. In the worst cases chlamydia infection can, without treatment, lead on to other problems such as epididymitis or orchitis if the infection has made it to the testicles. This is particularly worrisome because it can occasionally cause a man to become sterile.
Other C. trachomatis strains, L1, L2 and L3 cause lymphogranuloma venereum. This tropical sexually transmitted infection is currently responsible for outbreaks of ulcerative proctitis mainly affecting homosexual men in various European countries and the US .
You May Like: Chlamydia Symptoms If Left Untreated
Similar Pain Different Infection
While UTIs and STIs are very different, they can often come with similar painful feelings such as urinary urgency, pain when urinating, cloudy urine and pelvic pain.
UTIs are easily treatable with a doctor prescribed antibiotic, but STIs may require different treatments, depending on the specific infection. It is important to contact your doctor if you think you have an infection of any sort.
Is It Possible To Prevent Chlamydia
Since most people who have the infection do not have symptoms and may not be aware they are infected, it is commonly spread, and it can be difficult to prevent the infection. Male condoms can reduce the risk of spreading or acquiring the infection. Having a mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested or treated also reduces the risk of contracting chlamydia infection.
You May Like: How Do You Test For Chlamydia
What Are The Symptoms
Often people with chlamydia will have no symptoms and will not know that they have the infection.
A chlamydia infection in the rectum may cause discharge from the anus, rectal pain, mucous with stools, painful bowel movements and redness in the anal area.
For men, symptoms can include:
- Clear or mucous-like fluid from the penis
- Pain or a burning feeling when urinating
- Itching or irritation in the urethra the tube that urine passes through
For women, symptoms can include:
- Change in amount and/or colour of fluid from the vagina
- Pain or a burning feeling when urinating
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding or spotting between periods or after sexual intercourse
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- Pain during vaginal sex
Chlamydia infection may occur in the throat but does not usually cause symptoms.
Symptoms may appear 2 to 3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. Sometimes it can take as long as 6 weeks for the symptoms to appear, if at all.
How Can I Get Rid Of Chlamydia Without Going To The Doctor
The recommended treatment for chlamydia is a single dose of azithromycin 1 g taken orally or doxycycline 100 mg taken orally twice a day for 7 days. Alternative chlamydia treatments include: erythromycin base 500 mg taken 4 times a day for 7 days. erythromycin ethylsucciante 800 mg taken 4 times a day for 7 days.
Don’t Miss: Medicine For Chlamydia At Cvs
Similarities And Differences Between Utis And Stds
UTIs share symptoms similar to STDs and are misdiagnosed more often than you may think. According to the American Society for Microbiology, 64 percent of the patients with a sexually transmitted infection were actually diagnosed as having a UTI instead. This is problematic. Not only are women being needlessly prescribed a UTI treatment , but it may also cause an undiagnosed STD to develop into a more serious issue. In the beginning stages, many STDs are treatable, but the further they are allowed to progress, the more complicated and expensive treatment becomes.
Protecting Yourself Against Stis:
- Use a condom. However, nothing is 100% safe. If youâre concerned you might have an STI, even after safe sex, check with your doctor.
At the clinic, your doctor may ask you questions like âDid you use a condom?â or âDid you have multiple sexual partners?â It’s not so they can judge you. Itâs so they can organize what further tests you need. So, donât be shy or feel ashamed about your answers.
With a few minor changes, you can take good care of yourself. You can start making better health choices now by
CDC. âUrinary Tract Infection.â Accessed March 2021.
Flores-Mireles, A.L., et al. Nat Rev Microbiol, , doi: 10.1038/nrmicro3432.
Behzadi, P., et al. Maedica , , PMID: 21977133.
Valiquette, L. Can J Urol, , PMID: 11442991.
You May Like: Meds Used To Treat Chlamydia