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How Does The Doctor Test For Chlamydia

Chlamydia Can Be Treated And Cured With Antibiotics

What tests are necessary for diagnosis of Chlamydial infection? – Dr. Teena S Thomas

Individuals diagnosed with chlamydia should abstain from sexual activity for one week after finishing antibiotics. Keep in mind that it is possible to become reinfected with chlamydia after receiving treatment. This is why it is crucial for partners of those who have chlamydia to also get tested and treated if found positive. Chlamydia often occurs along with gonorrhea . If you have one of these STDs, you might have the other because the risk factors and symptoms are very similar. Getting tested for both is important.

Whether or not symptoms are present, testing or screening for chlamydia can be done as early as 24 hours after exposure. The incubation times vary from person-to-person for the most accurate results, get tested two weeks after initial exposure. If you test positive for chlamydia, it is advised to get retested two weeks after completing treatment to be sure that all of the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria is cleared from your system.

What If I Test Positive For Chlamydia

Chlamydia is curable with a short course of antibiotics. The treatment usually takes seven days to complete. During treatment, the infection can still be passed through unprotected sex, even when you show no symptoms.

You can choose whether you receive treatment through your Better2Know doctor, your own GP or your local GUM clinic. Your choice of clinician will be able to prescribe the most appropriate antibiotic for you.

If you have tested positive for Chlamydia using one of our home test kits, we can arrange a doctors consultation for you. Your doctor will receive a copy of your results, discuss your diagnosis with you and prescribe the appropriate antibiotic. To book your private GP appointment, please phone us on the number above.

At the end of your treatment, you may wish to consider having a repeat Chlamydia test to ensure that the infection has cleared. It is important to contact any previous partners as he/she may need to get tested. You can use our anonymous SMS service to notify them about your result.

Chlamydia Cdc Fact Sheet

Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease that can be easily cured. If left untreated, chlamydia can make it difficult for a woman to get pregnant.

Basic Fact Sheet | Detailed Version

Basic fact sheets are presented in plain language for individuals with general questions about sexually transmitted diseases. The content here can be syndicated .

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How Is It Contracted

Chlamydia is transmitted primarily through sexual activity. The following are the most common ways:

  • unprotected intercourse with an infected partner
  • oral sex, although a less common cause of infection as bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis targets the genital area rather than the throat. Although it is possible theoretically, the cases of infestation from mouth-to-penis and penis-to-mouth contact are rare
  • vagina, cervix, anus, penis or mouth contacting infected secretions or fluids which means that contraction can occur even if the penis or tongue does not enter the vagina or anus
  • bacteria can travel from the vaginal area to the anus or rectum of women while wiping with toilet paper
  • sharing sex toys
  • from mother to the newborn during vaginal childbirth through the infected birth channel
  • infection can be transferred on fingers from the genitals to other parts of the body

Chlamydia is not contracted through simple kissing, handshaking, any casual contacts, sharing baths, towels and cups as well as from toilet seats.

Chlamydia trachomatis, an obligate intracellular human pathogen, is one of four bacterial species in the genus Chlamydia. 3D illustration

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How Does A Chlamydia Test Work

4 of the best home chlamydia tests

The most commonly used type of chlamydia test is called a Nucleic Acid Amplification Test . A NAAT detects the DNA of the bacteria that cause the chlamydia infection. You provide a sample of urine. Or your provider collects a sample of secretions from the vagina or urethra . The lab tests the sample for signs of the bacteria.

Less often, providers use a cell culture to test for chlamydia. Your provider swabs your vagina, urethra or anus to collect a sample of fluid and cells. They send the cells to a lab to test. If bacteria are present, they will grow, which indicates an infection. Providers may choose this type of chlamydia test to detect infections in the anus. Or they may use a cell culture to see how chlamydia treatments are working.

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What Are The Prominent Chlamydia Symptoms In Men

Actually, no one can easily ensure that his body has some trouble due to the silent infection because its symptoms are rarely reflected. But once if they start occurring then they can be easily noticed even within few weeks. Medical doctors say that symptoms of Chlamydia in men can be random and infrequent so most of the time patients are not able to know if they are in contact with the infection.

Some of the most common signs of Chlamydia in men include:

  • Very small cloudy or clear Chlamydia discharge in men from penis tip.
  • It can cause painful urination.
  • Leads to itching and burning sensation around penis openings.
  • Swelling and pain in the area surrounding testicles.

Major symptoms of Chlamydia are observed for genitals but in few cases it can affect rectum, eyes and throat. Note that, the actual effect varies with type of transmission. Few uncommon symptoms of chlamydia in men can include:

  • Throat infections.

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What Are The Treatments For Chlamydia

If you are diagnosed with chlamydia, your doctor will prescribe oral antibiotics. A single dose of azithromycin or taking doxycycline twice daily for 7 to 14 days are the most common treatments and are the same for those with or without HIV.

With treatment, the infection should clear up in about a week. Do not have sex for at least 7 days until you have taken all of your medication, and do not stop taking the antibiotics even if you feel better.

Your doctor will also recommend that your partner be treated as well to prevent reinfection and further spread of the disease.

Women with serious infections, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, may require a longer course of antibiotics or hospitalization for intravenous antibiotics. Some severe pelvic infections may require surgery in addition to antibiotic therapy.

Make sure you get retested after three months to be certain the infection is gone. Do this even if your partner has been treated and appears to be infection free.

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How Are Stis Diagnosed

Testing for STIs is free and confidential. Testing may be performed on a urine sample or swab to detect chlamydia, gonorrhoea, trichomonas or herpes, depending on the site of infection. Blood tests are available which detect antibodies to HIV and syphilis. HPV testing may be performed in women with abnormal PAP smears. Due to the wide spectrum of STIs, there is no one test to detect them all.

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When To Get Tested

Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of chlamydia | Infectious diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy
  • For women, yearly screening is recommended if you are sexually active and younger than age 25, or 25 or older and at increased risk for chlamydia infection when you are pregnant or considering pregnancy.
  • For men, yearly screening is recommended if you are a man who has sex with men.
  • When you have symptoms of chlamydia, such as pain during urination, vaginal discharge and abdominal pain or unusual discharge from the penis, pain on urination or painful, swollen testicles
  • When your newborn has conjunctivitis
  • Read Also: Symptoms Of Chlamydia And Gonorrhea In Males

    Should I Get A Chlamydia Test

    It can be a good idea to screen for chlamydia and other STIs if youâre considering having sexual intercourse with a new partner. If you believe you have been exposed to chlamydia or are experiencing symptoms , consider screening for infection by visiting a local clinicâ âor take a chlamydia test at home.

    Also, according to the CDC, if youre a sexually active woman younger than 25, you should test for chlamydia and gonorrhea at least once a year . You should also get tested yearly if youre 25 or older and have risk factors like new or multiple sex partners. The CDC also recommends annual gonorrhea and chlamydia testing for gay and bisexual men.

    It Is Easy To Get Tested For Chlamydia

    Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that can affect both men and women. While both genders can be affected, the specific effects and method of diagnosis for the bacterial infection differs between male patients and female patients. We looked at the methods used to assist in the diagnosis of chlamydia among men in this post, as well as some particular factors that are unique to a male patient with this condition.

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    What To Keep In Mind

    A chlamydia test is one of the important procedures and every sexually active person, especially those who have multiple partners should have themselves tested. Chlamydia can lead to serious health problems if left untreated.

    There are various types of sexually transmitted disease and chlamydia is one of the most common not only in the United States but in other parts of the world. Through chlamydia testing, chlamydia trachomatis a bacterium responsible for causing chlamydia can be identified.

    If you test positive for chlamydia, it is not only important to begin the course of treatment but it is also important to take measures to prevent the spread of infection to other people. Avoid having a sexual contact until such time that you clear from the infection. Chlamydia can be spread through oral, vaginal, and anal sex. If you are going to make love with your partner, make sure you wear a condom so as not to spread the infection to your partner.

    Be very vigilant with the signs and symptoms of chlamydia. Take extra measures to prevent contracting the infection. Unfortunately, not all people who have chlamydia exhibits the signs and symptoms. Some people confused chlamydia with other types of sexually transmitted diseases.

    Which is why it is important to have yourself tested, especially if you are sexually active and has multiple partners. Being tested as soon as possible can help detect the presence of infection.

    References

    Chlamydia Symptoms In Females

    4 of the best home chlamydia tests

    Chlamydia symptoms in females are rare. Roughly 7 in 10 women dont experience any symptoms. The infection may be asymptomatic, meaning that people dont know they have it.

    If signs and symptoms occur, they usually happen one to three weeks after the exposure, but could start much later. The symptoms are often mild and passing, and easy to overlook.

    Some of the potential signs and symptoms of chlamydia include:

    • lower abdominal pain

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    Is There A Cure For Chlamydia And Gonorrhea

    Yes. Chlamydia and gonorrhea can both be cured with the right treatment. If these STDs arent treated, they can cause serious health problems, like making it difficult or impossible for a woman to get pregnant.

    If you have an STD, its important to get treatment right away. Its also important to tell anyone youve had sex with that you have an STD so they can get treated, too. This can help protect you from getting infected again.

    The First Step Towards Getting Tested

    Speak up! Many men may assume that a simple visit to your doctor for a physical exam is enough to detect an STD it is not. Doctors do not automatically test for STDs unless the patient makes it known that they are unsure about their sexual health.

    Talk to your doctor about your concerns and tell him or her that you would like to be tested. You will be asked a series of routine questions to determine which STD test is right for you always answers these questions honestly. This is not the time to hold anything back. If you are experiencing symptoms, say what they are and how they feel. The more open and honest you are about your sexual history and symptoms, the better chance you have of getting the correct testing and your health under control.

    If you would rather not have this conversation with your doctor, you can order an STD testing panel online. Once youve ordered the tests, you only need to make a quick trip to a local STD testing center. You dont need to make an appointment and you can be in and out quickly and get your results back in only a few days.

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    How Long Does It Take To Get An Std

    Each STD has a unique incubation period. For some STDs, the incubation period for testing can be as short as a week or two, and for other STDs, as long as a few months.

    If you believe you have been exposed to a specific STD, its important to learn about its incubation period so you know how long you should wait to get tested.

    When Is A Chlamydia Test Performed

    What Is Chlamydia Symptoms and Treatment

    A chlamydia infection doesnt usually cause symptoms, so people may not know they have it. Untreated, chlamydia can cause serious health problems and infertility. Thats why providers screen for chlamydia, which means they regularly test certain people who have a higher risk of infection. You should get regular chlamydia screenings if you:

    If you previously tested positive for chlamydia and got treated for it, you should get follow-up tests. You usually need a test about a month after treatment and two months after that to make sure the treatment worked.

    If you have symptoms of chlamydia infection you may or may not have symptoms of chlamydia. If so, your provider will recommend a test. Symptoms of chlamydia include:

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    How Do I Know If I Have Chlamydia

    You cant tell if you have chlamydia just by the way you feel. The only way to know for sure if you have chlamydia is to get tested whether or not you have symptoms.

    If youre showing any signs of chlamydia, you should get tested. Testing is also a good idea if youve had unprotected sex or if a partner has chlamydia . In general, people who are sexually active should get tested for STDs, including chlamydia, about once a year. If youre pregnant, get tested for chlamydia at your first prenatal visit. Want to know if you should be tested for chlamydia? Check out this quiz to find out.

    Chlamydia testing is pretty easy and painless. The best part about getting tested for STDs? Once you get it over with, it can really put your mind at ease. And if you DO have chlamydia, its best to know right away so you can take medicine and get better as soon as possible.

    How Can We Tell We That May Have Chlamydia

    • In women: vaginal discharge or burning sensation when urinating
    • In men: mucoid or watery discharge from the penis, burning sensation when urinating, tingling or vague discomfort in urethra and testicular pain and swelling
    • Men and women can also get infection in the rectum. People may experience rectal pain, discharge or bleeding
    • Men and women can also get infection in the eyes

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    What Does The Test Result Mean

    A positive test indicates you have an active chlamydia infection that requires treatment with antibiotics.

    A negative test means only that there is no evidence of infection at the time of the test. If you are at an increased risk, it is important that you have screening tests performed yearly to check for possible infection, especially since re-infection is common, particularly among teenagers.

    If you are infected, your sexual partner should be tested and treated as well.

    What Are The Signs Of Chlamydia Or Gonorrhea

    STD Swab Tests

    Many people who have chlamydia or gonorrhea dont have any signs or symptoms. When there are symptoms, chlamydia and gonorrhea cause very similar things.

    Women with symptoms may have:

    • Abnormal discharge from the vagina
    • Burning when they urinate

    Men with symptoms may have:

    • Abnormal discharge from the penis
    • Burning when they urinate

    A test for chlamydia is done to:

    • See whether symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection are caused by a chlamydia infection.
    • Check people who are at high risk for being infected with chlamydia. A chlamydia infection does not always cause symptoms. The Public Health Agency of Canada recommends checking for chlamydia for:
    • All sexually active women age 25 or younger.
    • Women and men with high-risk sexual behaviours.
    • All pregnant women in the first trimester and again in the third trimester if high-risk sexual behaviours are reported. Treating a pregnant woman who has a chlamydia infection can prevent an infection in her newborn.
  • Check for infection in a newborn whose mother had a chlamydia infection at the time of delivery.
  • Dont have an ob-gyn? Search for doctors near you.

    FAQ071

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