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How Do They Test You For Chlamydia

What Does The Test Measure

Sneaky Chlamydia | Do You Have It & Not Know It?

Chlamydia testing looks for evidence of infection with the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. There are several types of tests that can be used to detect chlamydia, including molecular testing, also called Nucleic Acid Amplification Test , and cell culture.

Other types of chlamydia tests are available but are rarely used given the accuracy and availability of NAAT.

When Is It Ordered

Screening

Because many infected people do not have any noticeable symptoms, a number of health organizations recommend regular chlamydia screening for certain people:

Women

All sexually active women younger than age 25 and sexually active women age 25 and older who are at increased risk should get yearly screening for chlamydia, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists . The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and the American Academy of Pediatrics also recommend routine screening for these women .

Examples of risk factors for chlamydia infection include:

  • Previous chlamydia infections, even if you have been treated
  • Having STDs, especially HIV
  • Having new or multiple sex partners
  • Having a sex partner diagnosed with an STD
  • Using condoms inconsistently
  • Exchanging sex for money or drugs
  • Using illegal drugs
  • Living in a detention facility
  • For pregnant women, the CDC recommends screening for chlamydia during the first trimester or first prenatal visit. For women younger than age 25 or at increased risk of infection, testing is repeated in the third trimester. Pregnant women diagnosed with chlamydia should be retested about 3 months after completing treatment.

    Diagnosis

    Chlamydia testing may also be done when your sex partner has been diagnosed with chlamydia or when you have signs and symptoms of chlamydia.

    For women, if symptoms occur, they may include:

    For men, symptoms may include:

    How Does Lab Test Work

    Lab test is a process of finding which things irritate your body or which things we have to give for bettering our self. Like in this case for this infection, this is a sexual transmission infection so for check it we have to do test the sample of our body and check it where of this is going,

    So for men we take urine for testing and for woman we take swab for testing,

    • They check all the things of your body.
    • They do many hidden test for related your body.
    • If significant things available then its marked in report of your body.
    • Gives solution and suggestion related to your body.

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    Who Should Get Tested

    When considering whether to include chlamydia screening as part of their womens health care, Portland women should consider their risk factors. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends chlamydia screening for:

    Sexually active women 25 or younger: Because this group has the highest rate of infection, these women should consider getting screenings every year as well as when switching to a new sexual partner.

    Pregnant women: Women who are pregnant should get tested for chlamydia during their first prenatal exam. Those with a high risk of infection should get tested again later in the pregnancy.

    Women at high risk: For those who have multiple sexual partners, dont always use a condom, or have contracted another sexually transmitted infection, frequent chlamydia screenings are advisable.

    Chlamydia Signs In Male

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    Many men dont observe the symptoms of chlamydia. A lot of guys have no signs and symptoms whatsoever.

    If signs do show up, its usually 1 to 3 weeks after transmission.

    A few of one of the most usual signs of chlamydia in guys include:

    • burning sensation during peeing
    • discomfort in the lower abdomen
    • discomfort in the testicles

    Having oral sex with someone that has the infection elevates the threat of getting chlamydia in the throat. Signs and symptoms can consist of an aching throat, cough, or high temperature. Its additionally feasible to carry microorganisms in the throat and also not know it. How Do Men Get Chlamydia

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    Im Pregnant How Does Chlamydia Affect My Baby

    If you are pregnant and have chlamydia, you can pass the infection to your baby during delivery. This could cause an eye infection or pneumonia in your newborn. Having chlamydia may also make it more likely to deliver your baby too early.

    If you are pregnant, you should get tested for chlamydia at your first prenatal visit. Testing and treatment are the best ways to prevent health problems.

    If You Have Further Questions Contact Your Ob

    Dont have an ob-gyn? Search for doctors near you.

    FAQ071

    Copyright 2021 by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. All rights reserved. Read copyright and permissions information.

    This information is designed as an educational aid for the public. It offers current information and opinions related to womens health. It is not intended as a statement of the standard of care. It does not explain all of the proper treatments or methods of care. It is not a substitute for the advice of a physician. Read ACOGs complete disclaimer.

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    Herpes Testing In Men

    There are two types of the herpes virus, oral herpes and genital herpes . The tests are typically performed on sores that appear around the mouth or in the genital area to detect if the herpes virus is causing the breakout of sores and, if so, which herpes virus it is. A doctor performs this test by rubbing a cotton swab against a sore to collect cells for examination. Be prepared for mild discomfort or pain during this process.

    If sores are not present, a doctor can also test for herpes using a blood sample. The testing method for this is similar to most other blood samples.

    It is important to note that a negative test result does not mean a person is not infected. There are a few factors that can affect the accuracy of the herpes tests, and so, a test should be done twice to confirm the results are accurate. The first test should be taken 12 weeks after exposure, and the second test should be taken 90 days after exposure. The reasons for inaccurate test results include:

    • Testing blood before the virus is detectable in your system
    • Testing from an old or crusted sore that has almost healed
    • You have taken antiviral medication that can counteract the test

    How To Treat Chlamydia In Men

    Normalizing Chlamydia ScreeningHow to Talk to Patients

    When the infection is caught early, chlamydia is easy to treat with a short course of antibiotics. Over 95% of people will be cured if they take the antibiotics correctly. The two types of antibiotics most commonly used to treat chlamydia are:

    • Azithromycin: Taken as 24 tablets all at once.
    • Doxycycline: Taken as 2 capsules each day for a week.

    If your doctor is concerned about complications from chlamydia , they might prescribe a longer course of antibiotics.

    Youll be advised not to have sex until you and your current sexual partner have finished treatment for chlamydia, or until a week after the 1-day treatment. Its also important to contact any other sexual partners who could have been exposed to infection. A sexual health clinic can help you contact people anonymously, if thats what youd prefer.

    Also Check: How Do You Treat Chlamydia Naturally

    How Common Is Chlamydia

    CDC estimates that there were four million chlamydial infections in 2018.3 Chlamydia is also the most frequently reported bacterial sexually transmitted infection in the United States.4 It is difficult to account for many cases of chlamydia. Most people with the infection have no symptoms and do not seek testing. Chlamydia is most common among young people. Two-thirds of new chlamydial infections occur among youth aged 15-24 years.3 Estimates show that 1 in 20 sexually active young women aged 14-24 years has chlamydia.5

    Disparities persist among racial and ethnic minority groups. In 2020, chlamydia rates for African Americans/Blacks were six times that of Whites.4 Chlamydia is also common among MSM. Among MSM screened for rectal chlamydial infection, positivity ranges from 3.0% to 10.5%.6,7 Among MSM screened for pharyngeal chlamydial infection, positivity has ranges from 0.5% to 2.3%.7.8

    How Often Should You Get Tested

    It’s currently recommended that you should be tested:

    • Every year if you are a sexually active assigned female, or individual with a cervix under 25 years old and should retest three months after treatment if applicable
    • Every year if you are a pregnant individual under 25 years old and retest during the third trimester
    • Four weeks after treatment and again within three months if you are a pregnant individual
    • If you are an assigned female older than 25 at an increased risk
    • If you are a pregnant individual older than 25 at an increased risk
    • Every year if you are an assigned male who has sex with other assigned males and every three to six months if you are at an increased risk
    • If you are at an increased risk and an assigned male who has sex with assigned females
    • If you are over 25 and have a cervix or under 25 and have an increased risk

    Screening has been found to be very effective and to significantly lower the risk of an assigned female developing pelvic inflammatory disease , an infection that can lead to infertility and other serious health concerns.

    In assigned males, screening can help lower the risk of developing urethral infections and swollen and painful testicles from untreated chlamydia.

    Being at an increased risk can mean you have a new sexual partner, have multiple sexual partners, your current partner has an STI, or you have HIV.

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    What If My Gonorrhea And Chlamydia Test Result Is Not Normal

    Test results are only one part of a larger picture that takes into account your medical history and current health. Sometimes a test needs to be repeated to check the first result. Talk to your health care provider about your result and ask questions.

    If your test result is positive, ask your health care provider:

    • If you need additional tests
    • Any questions you have about your treatment
    • When you need to be tested again
    • When it is safe to have sex again
    • How to protect yourself against reinfection

    If you have a positive test result, you should tell your sexual partner. Follow your health care providers advice about when it is safe to start having sex again. Use latex or polyurethane condoms every time you have sex to prevent another infection.

    How Is Chlamydia Diagnosed

    Sexually Transmitted Diseases

    Diagnose chlamydia with nucleic acid amplification tests , cell culture, and other types of tests. NAATs are the most sensitive tests to use on easy-to-obtain specimens. This includes vaginal swabs or urine.43

    To diagnose genital chlamydia in women using a NAAT, vaginal swabs are the optimal specimen. Urine is the specimen of choice for men. Urine is an effective alternative specimen type for women.43 Self-collected vaginal swab specimens perform as well as other approved specimens using NAATs.44 Patients may prefer self-collected vaginal swabs or urine-based screening to more invasive specimen collection.45 Adolescent girls may be good candidates for self-collected vaginal swab- or urine-based screening.

    Diagnose rectal or pharyngeal infection by testing at the anatomic exposure site. While useful for these specimens, culture is not widely available. Additionally, NAATs have better sensitivity and specificity compared with culture for detecting C. trachomatis at non-genital sites.46-48 Most tests, including NAATs, are not FDA-cleared for use with rectal or pharyngeal swab specimens. NAATs have better sensitivity and specificity compared with culture for the detection of C. trachomatis at rectal sites.46-48 However, some laboratories have met set requirements and have validated NAAT testing on rectal and pharyngeal swab specimens.

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    How Is Chlamydia Treated

    Your healthcare practitioner will prescribe antibiotics to treat chlamydia. Antibiotics can cure your infection, but damage from the infection may sometimes be permanent. If symptoms do not resolve after a few days, consult your healthcare provider. You should refrain from having sex until you have completed your treatment and should be re-tested three months after treatment.

    How Can I Prevent Spreading Chlamydia

    If you think you have chlamydia, the first thing you need to do is stop having sexual intercourse and get tested and treated. Ask your health care provider if you can get a prescription for your partner , or find out if your partner can be seen by a health care provider to get treated. Youll need to let all current and past sexual partners know that you have chlamydia . You may find this hard to do, but its very important so that those infected can get treated before more serious health problems occur.

    You can let your sexual partner know in a couple of different ways:

    • You can tell them face to face, over the phone, or via a text message.
    • You can use an anonymous notification application, such as: an email from a reliable website such as bedsider.org. This website will send a confidential email card to your partner for free. Another website, inspot.org will send an anonymous text to your partner.

    Research has shown that notifying your partner in real time or face to face is the best way to get your partner treated.

    Read Also: What Gets Rid Of Chlamydia

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    Who To Test For Chlamydia

    Anyone with the following genital symptoms should not have sex until they see a healthcare provider:

    • A burning sensation when peeing
    • Unusual sores, or a rash

    Because chlamydia usually has no symptoms, screening is necessary to identify most infections. Screening programs can reduce rates of adverse sequelae in women.31,41 CDC recommends yearly chlamydia screening of all sexually active women younger than 25. CDC also recommends screening for older women with risk factors, such as new or multiple partners, or a sex partner who has a sexually transmitted infection.40 Screen and treat those who are pregnant as noted in How does chlamydia affect a pregnant person and their baby? Women who are sexually active should discuss their risk factors with a healthcare provider to determine if more frequent screening is necessary.

    Routine screening is not necessary for men. However, consider screening sexually active young men in clinical settings with a high prevalence of chlamydia. This can include adolescent clinics, correctional facilities, and STD clinics. Consider this when resources permit and do not hinder screening efforts in women.40

    At the initial HIV care visit, providers should test all sexually active people for chlamydia. Test at least each year during HIV care. A patients healthcare provider might determine more frequent screening is necessary, based on the patients risk factors.42

    How Do Doctors Test For Stds

    STD Glossary: Chlamydia

    How does a doctor test to see if you have STDs? Perry*

    There are different tests for different sexually transmitted diseases . The kind of test a person gets will depend on the type of STD, symptoms , and his or her medical and sexual history.

    To get this history, a doctor or nurse practitioner will ask about things like how many partners the person has had. After that, the doctor or NP will examine the person’s genitals. For girls who have symptoms of STDs, this might include a pelvic exam. Girls who do not have symptoms and are just getting screened for STDs as part of a routine checkup probably won’t need a pelvic exam.

    Based on what’s learned from the interview and exam, the doctor or NP may take one or more of these samples:

    • a swab of the inside of the mouth
    • a swab from the genitals, such as the urethra in guys or the cervix in girls
    • a swab of any discharge or sores

    Sometimes, the sample can be tested right there in the health provider’s office. Other times, the sample is sent to a lab and the results come later. It depends on the office and the type of infection doctors are testing for.

    STDs can be sneaky. Often there are no signs that a person has one. That’s not necessarily a good thing. These “hidden” STDs can still put people at risk for health problems. Anyone who is having sex should get tested.

    *Names have been changed to protect user privacy.

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    What Does The Chlamydia Test Involve

    The recommended tests for chlamydia are simple, painless and generally very reliable.

    They involve sending a sample of cells to a laboratory for analysis. You don’t necessarily have to be examined by a doctor or nurse first and can often collect the sample yourself.

    There are two main ways the sample can be collected:

    • urinating into a container this should ideally be done at least 1 hour after you last urinated

    The results will normally be available in 7 to 10 days. If there’s a high chance you have chlamydia for example, you have symptoms of the infection or your partner has been diagnosed with it and you’ve had unprotected sex with them you might start treatment before you get your results.

    Read more about treating chlamydia.

    How Does Chlamydia Affect A Pregnant Person And Their Baby

    In newborns, untreated chlamydia can cause:

    • ophthalmia neonatorum ,

    Prospective studies show that chlamydial conjunctivitis and pneumonia occur in 18-44% and 3-16%, respectively, of infants born to those with chlamydia. 9-12 Neonatal prophylaxis against gonococcal conjunctivitis routinely performed at birth does not effectively prevent chlamydial conjunctivitis.37-39

    Screening for and treating chlamydia in pregnant people is the best way to prevent disease in infants. At the first prenatal visit and during the third trimester, screen:

    • All pregnant people under age 25 and
    • All pregnant people 25 years and older at increased risk for chlamydia .

    Retest those with infection four weeks and three months after they complete treatment.40

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    How To Prevent Chlamydia In Men

    Its very common to become reinfected with chlamydia, as the body doesnt build up immunity after the first infection. There is currently no vaccine for chlamydia, so the only way to protect yourself from becoming infected is to practise safe sex. This is particularly important if you have a new sexual partner and you arent aware of their sexual history.

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