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Chlamydia And Gonorrhea Test Results

Are Test Results Accurate

Normalizing Chlamydia ScreeningHow to Talk to Patients

Although chlamydia testing is an important method of finding and treating this common STD, test results could be impacted by the following:

  • The use of antibiotics within several days before testing
  • Urinating within one hour of sample collection
  • Vaginal douching within 24 hours of testing
  • Improper sample collection
  • Contamination of rectal samples with fecal matter

How Do You Test For Gonorrhea And Chlamydia

HealthLabs.com uses the FDA-approved / cleared nucleic acid amplification test . This test is recommended as the most accurate test for detecting both chlamydia and gonorrhea infections. Chlamydia trachomatis is the bacterium that causes chlamydia. Our NAAT chlamydia test looks for the presence of the bacteria in your urine. If it is found, this means that you have an active chlamydia infection. Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the bacterium that causes gonorrhea. Our NAAT gonorrhea test can detect the presence of this bacteria in your urine. If the bacteria is found, you have an active gonorrhea infection.

How Common Is Chlamydia

CDC estimates that there were four million chlamydial infections in 2018.3 Chlamydia is also the most frequently reported bacterial sexually transmitted infection in the United States.4 However, a large number of cases are not reported because most people with chlamydia are asymptomatic and do not seek testing. Chlamydia is most common among young people. Two-thirds of new chlamydial infections occur among youth aged 15-24 years.3 It is estimated that 1 in 20 sexually active young women aged 14-24 years has chlamydia.5

Disparities persist among racial and ethnic minority groups. In 2019, reported chlamydia rates for African Americans/Blacks were nearly six times that of Whites.4 Chlamydia is also common among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men . Among MSM screened for rectal chlamydial infection, positivity has ranged from 3.0% to 10.5%.6,7 Among MSM screened for pharyngeal chlamydial infection, positivity has ranged from 0.5% to 2.3%.7.8

Recommended Reading: Is Chlamydia Hard To Get Rid Of

How Soon Do Std Symptoms Appear

How long it takes for an STD to show up in testing is entirely dependent on the STD itself, how long its own incubation period is, and your own bodys immune response. You can test for some STDs, like chlamydia, only a day after potential exposure. Meanwhile, HIV and syphilis can take a month or more before you can accurately test for them. Its all pretty confusing but lucky for you, we created a nifty little chart that breaks down each STDs average incubation period.

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Why Is This Test Done

Chlamydia Urine Test

These tests may be done to:

  • Find out if symptoms are caused by gonorrhea or chlamydia.
  • Check people who are at high risk of being infected with gonorrhea or chlamydia.
  • Retest people several months after they have been treated for gonorrhea or chlamydia.
  • Check for infection in your newborn if you had a gonorrhea or chlamydia infection at the time of delivery.

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Do Stds Show Up In Routine Blood Tests

Routine blood tests include complete blood counts , complete metabolic panels , lipid panels, thyroid panels, and enzyme markers. These tests can identify a wide range of health conditions, but they are not designed to test for STDs.

Routine blood tests may reveal signs of an STD, such as an elevated white blood cell count. But, an elevated white blood cell count can be caused by countless other conditions, so this is not a reliable way to test for STDs.

Do not assume that your physician is testing you for STDs simply because they have ordered a blood test. STD testing is not included in these routine tests. The bestand onlyway to test for STDs is with an STD test.

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How To Get Tested

Chlamydia testing is usually ordered by a doctor. In people without symptoms, a doctor can evaluate their risk and suggest an appropriate screening schedule. If a patient has symptoms of this infection, a doctor will order testing to diagnose or rule out chlamydia.

Testing for chlamydia can be conducted at a hospital, doctors office, health clinic, or community health program.

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Twin Panel Test Vs Bacterial Std Panel Test

Because chlamydia and gonorrhea are comorbid infections , we recommend the Twin Panel Test if you have a suspicion. However, the 3 most common bacterial STDs, chlamydia, gonorrhea and trichomoniasis can be asymptomatic. If youre concerned about your status of these bacterial STDs, we recommend the more comprehensive Bacterial STD Panel.

How Do I Know If I Have Gonorrhea

Normalizing Chlamydia ScreeningUsing Opt-Out Language

Some men with gonorrhea may have no symptoms at all. However, men who do have symptoms, may have:

  • A burning sensation when urinating
  • Painful or swollen testicles .

Most women with gonorrhea do not have any symptoms. Even when a woman has symptoms, they are often mild and can be mistaken for a bladder or vaginal infection. Women with gonorrhea are at risk of developing serious complications from the infection, even if they dont have any symptoms.Symptoms in women can include:

  • Painful or burning sensation when urinating
  • Increased vaginal discharge
  • Vaginal bleeding between periods.

Rectal infections may either cause no symptoms or cause symptoms in both men and women that may include:

  • Painful bowel movements.

You should be examined by your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms or if your partner has an STD or symptoms of an STD, such as an unusual sore, a smelly discharge, burning when urinating, or bleeding between periods.

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What Do The Gonorrhea And Chlamydia Test Results Mean

A positive test result means that Chlamydia or Gonorrhea bacteria are present and you have an infection. Sometimes you may have both types of infection. If you have a positive result, your health care provider will prescribe treatment with antibiotics.

State laws often require that health care providers report the names of people who have these infections to the health department. This allows the state health department to monitor for outbreaks and for infections that are becoming resistant to the usual antibiotics.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing

Several different tests are used to detect HIV, including lab testing, the rapid antibody screening test, the rapid antigen/antibody test and a self-test that uses oral fluid.

Lab testing requires blood to be drawn from your vein. Your blood is then analyzed in a lab to detect either the genetic material of the virus, or specific HIV antigens and antibodies.

It usually takes several days to receive the results from an HIV lab test.

If youre tested for HIV with a rapid antibody screening test, or with a rapid antigen/antibody test, your results will typically be ready in under 30 minutes.

If you test yourself for HIV using an oral fluid antibody self-test such as the OraQuick® In-Home HIV Test, youll receive results within 20 minutes.

Right now, there are no tests that can accurately detect HIV immediately after infection. If youre worried that you may have been exposed to HIV, its important to seek medical help immediately and, if possible, use post-exposure prophylaxis .

In order to undergo testing for HIV, youll need to wait for the window period to pass.

The window period varies depending on the type of HIV test:

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Is There A Cure For Chlamydia And Gonorrhea

Yes. Chlamydia and gonorrhea can both be cured with the right treatment. If these STDs arent treated, they can cause serious health problems, like making it difficult or impossible for a woman to get pregnant.

If you have an STD, its important to get treatment right away. Its also important to tell anyone youve had sex with that you have an STD so they can get treated, too. This can help protect you from getting infected again.

A test for chlamydia is done to:

  • See whether symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection are caused by a chlamydia infection.
  • Check people who are at high risk for being infected with chlamydia. A chlamydia infection does not always cause symptoms. The Public Health Agency of Canada recommends checking for chlamydia for:
  • All sexually active women age 25 or younger.
  • Women and men with high-risk sexual behaviours.
  • All pregnant women in the first trimester and again in the third trimester if high-risk sexual behaviours are reported. Treating a pregnant woman who has a chlamydia infection can prevent an infection in her newborn.
  • Check for infection in a newborn whose mother had a chlamydia infection at the time of delivery.
  • Common Stis And Their Symptoms

    Extragenital testing increases detection of gonorrhea and chlamydia ...

    Gonorrhoea: You may notice discharge however you may not experience any symptoms at all.

    Chlamydia: This is typically a silent infection yet the most common STI in Australia. Only around one in four people with the infection show symptoms of stinging when passing urine and discharge.

    Syphilis: This bacterial infection is easily missed. A painless sore or blister will disappear on its own, but it can be passed to others for up to eighteen months after this time.

    Trichomonas: This parasite may or may not cause stinging when passing urine and watery discharge.

    Human Papillomavirus : A person may notice genital warts with this virus and some strains are linked with cervical cancer.

    Genital Herpes: A person will notice recurrent, periodic outbreaks of genital sores.

    Hepatitis B and C

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    Rates Of Chlamydia And Gonorrhea In The Us

    Chlamydia infections in the United States are much more common than gonorrhea. According to a 2019 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report, there were:

    • 1.8 million reported cases of chlamydia, with rates of infection up 19% since 2015
    • 616,192 cases of gonorrhea, with rates up by 56% since 2015

    What Are The Symptoms Of Gonorrhea

    Women

    Many women infected with Gonorrhea have no symptoms. If symptoms occur, they appear 2 to 10 days after exposure to the disease. Symptoms of Gonorrhea include:

    • Thick, creamy, yellow vaginal discharge
    • Burning or pain when you urinate
    • Bleeding or spotting between periods
    • Menstrual periods that are heavier than usual

    If symptoms occur, they usually appear 2 to 10 days after you were exposed to the bacteria. Symptoms of Gonorrhea include:

    • Burning or pain when you urinate
    • Urge to urinate often

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    Chlamydia Symptoms In Women:

    In certain situations, chlamydia can be even more serious for women. Symptoms are often mistaken for a bladder or vaginal infection. However, health complications for women who have untreated chlamydia can be quite serious, including infertility.

    Here are the most common symptoms:

    • A burning sensation while urinating
    • An abnormal vaginal discharge that may have an odor
    • Pain during sexual intercourse

    Chlamydia & Gonorrhea Urine Test

    What is chlamydia? | Infectious diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

    The chlamydia & gonorrhea test, sometimes known as a chlamydia & gonorrhea urine test, checks for chlamydia & gonorrhea urine infections.

    This chlamydia & gonorrhea test panel includes the chlamydia test and the gonorrhea test. Both chlamydia and gonorrhea can be treated with antibiotics and sexual partners should also be treated when an infection is diagnosed. To get a chlamydia & gonorrhea test near you, simply order online* and get tested at the Quest lab near you. Once your chlamydia & gonorrhea test panel results are ready, they will be available for download. As can be seen on the chlamydia & gonorrhea test sample report above, this chlamydia and gonorrhea lab test utilizes an RNA TMA methodology and negative lab results are reported as “Not Detected” on the lab results.

    People who are interested in more comprehensive STD testing should consider the STD test panel.

    • A doctor’s lab order*
    • A PDF copy of your test results
    • Responsive customer service

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    How Long Does It Take To Show Up In The Throat

    Symptoms of chlamydia in your throat are typically caused by having oral sex with someone whos contracted the infection.

    Its much less common to notice throat symptoms, but they may still appear after a week or so, up to a few months or longer.

    STI tests that look for chlamydia arent always done on the throat since its an area that does not carry the infection often. Ask your doctor for a throat swab or other chlamydia test if you think youve been exposed through oral sex.

    Here are the most common symptoms of chlamydia in both people with penises and people with vulvas.

    What Are Chlamydia And Gonorrhea

    Gonorrhea and chlamydia are common sexually transmitted diseases . Both are typically asymptomatic , caused by bacteria, and have high prevalence across the United States. Chlamydia is one of the most widespread STDs in the United States, with the CDC estimating that 3 million cases occur annually. Rates of gonorrhea have been increasing sharply over the past 5 years, and certain strains are becoming antibiotic resistant.

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    Do You Offer Treatment

    We offer treatment options for patients who test positive for chlamydia, gonorrhea, or trichomoniasis. If you receive a positive result, simply call and speak with a care counselor to schedule a phone consultation with a physician. Medication can be called into your local pharmacy, and no office visit is needed. We are partnered with physicians at PWNHealth so treatment can be prescribed if appropriate in all states. You must have a positive result before treatment can be authorized. The physician consult fee is $65.

    Ct/ng Infections And Testing History Of Participants

    RESULTS

    The prevalence of urogenital CT and NG infections in 303 samples was 4.29 and 0.66%, respectively. There were no differences in the prevalence of CT and NG in urine samples between participants who accepted rectal self-sampling and those who did not accept . Among those who provided rectal self-sampling, almost all samples were valid, except for one invalid sample with fecal contamination. The prevalence of rectal CT and NG infections among those who accepted rectal self-sampling was 31.25 and 9.38%, respectively. Both CT and NG infections of participants from rectal samples were significantly higher than those from urine samples . There were no differences in all variables between respondents with rectal infection of CT and respondents without rectal infection of CT . Results from the mixed-effects logistic regression model suggested that there were no factors associated with rectal NG infection . About CT/NG-related information , only 16.99% had been tested for CT or NG.

    Table 2. Characteristics, sexual behaviors, and CT/NGrelated information of 128 men who have sex with men according to rectal CT and NG prevalence among two nongovernment organizations in Shenzhen.

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    Key Question 3 How Accurate Are Screening Tests For Detecting Gonorrhea And Chlamydia

    Summary

    Ten new fair-quality diagnostic accuracy studies reporting test characteristics of FDA-cleared NAATs met inclusion criteria, including six for gonorrhea and eight for chlamydia. Most studies evaluated the performance characteristics of NAATs compared with culture or expanded reference standards in asymptomatic persons in high prevalence settings. Studies reporting the lowest values had important methodological limitations.

    For gonorrhea, test sensitivity ranged from 90 to 100 percent in studies without major limitations, and specificity was greater than 97 percent across all specimens and tests. For chlamydia, test sensitivity ranged from 86 to 100 percent in studies without major limitations, and specificity was greater than 97 percent across all specimens and tests. In women, NAATs showed little variation across endocervical, clinician- and self-collected vaginal, and urine specimens. In men, urine specimens had slightly higher sensitivity than urethral specimens.

    The prior reviews reported similar findings, but included several studies of non-NAAT tests, including some that are not currently available, as well as studies of symptomatic persons.,

    Evidence

    This review focused on the performance characteristics of screening tests in asymptomatic persons compared with either culture or expanded reference standards . These studies included only FDA-cleared tests and specimen types .

    How Does This At

    This gonorrhea and chlamydia at-home test is a urine test â so a vaginal swab or blood sample is not required. To take the test, simply urinate in a collection cup and place your sample in the mail. Weâll send your sample to one of the labs we use for testing .

    The lab will then use molecular testing technology that can identify the DNA of gonorrhea and chlamydia in your sample. This type of testing, known as nucleic acid amplification, is usually more accurate than other methods of gonorrhea and chlamydia testing .

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    What Does The Chlamydia Test Involve

    The recommended tests for chlamydia are simple, painless and generally very reliable.

    They involve sending a sample of cells to a laboratory for analysis. You donât necessarily have to be examined by a doctor or nurse first and can often collect the sample yourself.

    There are two main ways the sample can be collected:

    • urinating into a container this should ideally be done at least 1 hour after you last urinated

    The results will normally be available in 7 to 10 days. If thereâs a high chance you have chlamydia for example, you have symptoms of the infection or your partner has been diagnosed with it and youâve had unprotected sex with them you might start treatment before you get your results.

    Read more about treating chlamydia.

    How To Test For Chlamydia

    Womens STD Testing from Quest Diagnostics
    • Register your kit online. Use the unique ID included inside your kit and go to www.everlywell.com/register. Write your date of birth and the sample collection date on the transport tube provided by the kit.
    • Collect your sample by urinating into the specimen collection cup thatâs included with the kit.
    • Use the pipette to place the sample into a transport tube, and put the tube into the biohazard bag .
    • Place the bag into the shipping envelope , apply the prepaid shipping label, and place your envelope in the mail. Your sample will then arrive at a laboratory, where it will be analyzed for chlamydia and gonorrhea.
    • Just days later, youâll be notified that your results are ready. You can privately view your results online on our secure platform.

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