How Can I Take Care Of Myself
If you are sexually active and considered high risk for gonorrhea, consider regular STI testing. Since many STIs, including gonorrhea, dont cause symptoms, you could have an infection and pass it onto others without knowing it. Untreated gonorrhea can also cause complications that you can avoid with regular testing and prompt treatment.
Increased Risk Of Getting Hiv
Having an STI can make it more likely for you to get HIV, or give HIV to someone else.
Getting frequent infections with syphilis, gonorrhea, and herpes can also make you more likely to get HIV in the future. This happens because HIV and STIs share similar risk factors. Also, having a sore from an STI can allow HIV to enter your body more easily.
Gonorrhea: Symptoms & Treatment Options
Symptoms: Most people dont have any symptoms when they have gonorrhea. However, those who do have reported the following issues: burning sensation when peeing a white, yellow, or green discharge when peeing or spotting between periods.
Treatment: The really great news is that gonorrhea can be cured with antibiotics. Its crucial to take every single prescribed dose. Otherwise, youll continue having the infection.
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When To See A Doctor
If youre sexually active and experiencing symptoms of chlamydia, gonorrhea, or another STI, speak with a provider as soon as possible.
These symptoms can include unusual discharge, burning sensations in the groin, and unexpected sores or rashes. If youre sexually active and have not yet been tested for STIs, reach out to your provider to find out where you can get tested.
What Are Canadian Primary Care Physicians Prescribing For The Treatment Of Gonorrhea
S Ha1, L Pogany2, J Seto3, J Wu4, M Gale-Rowe4,*
1 Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON
2 Regulatory Operations and Regions Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON
3 Global Affairs Canada, Ottawa, ON
4 Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, ON
Ha S, Pogany L, Seto J, Wu J, Gale-Rowe M. What are Canadian primary care physicians prescribing for the treatment of gonorrhea? Can Commun Dis Rep. 2017 43:33-7. https://doi.org/10.14745/ccdr.v43i02a01
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How Do The Symptoms Compare
Both men and women can get chlamydia or gonorrhea and never develop any symptoms.
With chlamydia, symptoms may not appear for a few weeks after youve contracted the infection. And with gonorrhea, women may never experience any symptoms at all or may only show mild symptoms, while men are more likely to have symptoms that are more severe.
A couple of the most telltale symptoms of these STIs overlap between the two , such as:
- burning when you pee
- abnormal discharge from the rectum
- pain in the rectum
- bleeding from the rectum
You may also develop symptoms that affect your throat if you engage in oral sex with someone who has one of these conditions. This can cause mouth and throat symptoms, including sore throat and a cough.
How Common Are These Stds In General How Common Are The Antibiotic
The CDC estimates there are 820,000 cases of gonorrhea in the United States each year. Klausner says that less than 1% fail to respond to the currently recommended treatment. However, he says, resistance to older, less expensive antibiotics is much higher.
Chlamydia is the most common STD in the United States, with nearly 3 million cases occurring annually. So far, no treatment-resistant cases have been reported.
In 2019, nearly 130,000 cases of syphilis were reported in the U.S., with the most infectious types increasing 11% from 2018 to 2019, according to CDC statistics.
The numbers for these three STDs, which are the most common, are at a record high, according to the CDC.
âWeâre absolutely seeing an increase in overall rates of STDs, particularly in younger patients,â says Englund. âHalf of cases are diagnosed in patients aged 15 to 24.â
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Inpatient Versus Outpatient Treatment
The main decision once a diagnosis of gonorrhea has been made, either definitively or presumptively, is whether to treat the patient as an outpatient or to hospitalize him or her.
For males, treatment is always outpatient for genital infection however, admission may be necessary for complications such as disseminated gonococcal infection or gonococcal arthritis.
In females, the decision is much more difficult, because the risk of complications is much higher. In light of high rates of noncompliance, reinfection, and poor follow-up, some clinicians advocate admitting a female patient whenever a question of a complication such as pelvic inflammatory disease is present, particularly in the adolescent population.
Many institutions have attempted to quantify abnormalities found on pelvic examination in an attempt to admit those patients with a higher likelihood of complications.
In cases in which future fertility is at risk, most physicians are fairly aggressive, especially in situations in which the patient is very young or unfamiliar to them.
Many physicians admit patients who have corneal involvement for treatment with IV antibiotics. These patients can be discharged once the infection is under control and the corneal infection is improving.
Whats The Treatment For Gonorrhea
Gonorrhea is usually super easy to get rid of. Your nurse or doctor will prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection. Some strains of gonorrhea resist the antibiotics and are hard to treat, so your doctor may give you two antibiotics, in shot and pill form. Sometimes you only have to take one pill. Other gonorrhea pill treatments are taken for 7 days. Your doctor will help you figure out which treatment is best for you.
If youre treated for gonorrhea, its really important for your sexual partners to get treated also. Otherwise, you may pass the infection back and forth, or to other people. Sometimes your doctor will give you medicine for both you and your partner.
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Talking To Your Doctor
No matter how you get tested, youll need to see a doctor if you have an STI. If you have a primary care provider or an OB/GYN, thats a great place to start. You can also see an online provider through a telehealth service.
Its okay if you feel a little uncomfortable talking to your healthcare provider about STIs. Youre not the only one who feels that way. Just remember that your provider is there to help you and theyve seen and heard it all before.
When you meet with your provider, they will want to know about:
Any symptoms you have, even if you dont think theyre related to your STI
Whether youve had STIs in the past
Your current sexual practices
Youll also probably have some questions of your own. You can write down your questions ahead of time, so you dont forget to ask them. Some good ones to ask might be:
What STI do I have?
What are the treatments?
Are there any long-term problems?
What if Im pregnant or want to get pregnant?
Does my partner need testing/treatment?
Can I get it again?
How long should I wait to have sex again?
During the visit, your provider will talk to you about treatment. In some cases, STIs can be treated in the clinic before you leave. Your doctor may also give you a prescription for medication.
Chlamydia: Symptoms & Treatment Options
This is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Although its curable, people who are infected with it become more likely to contract HIV.
Symptoms: Most people who have chlamydia arent aware of it, because it rarely has any symptoms. However, the people who have reported symptoms have complained about painful sexual intercourse, unusual discharge from their genitals, and burning while urinating
Treatment: Chlamydia can also be cured with antibiotics.
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What Causes Chlamydia And Gonorrhea
Both infections are caused by bacteria. Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium while Chlamydia is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium.
Any sexually active person can become infected with gonorrhea or chlamydia, but there are some factors that can increase the risk of contracting the infection.
- Having unprotected sex with new or multiple partners
- Having a sex partner with confirmed chlamydia, gonorrhea, or another STI
- If youre young and sexually active
- If you currently have another STI
- If youve recently had another STI
What Do I Need To Know If I Get Treated For Gonorrhea
If youre getting treated for gonorrhea:
Take all of your medicine the way your doctor tells you to, even if your symptoms go away sooner. The infection stays in your body until you totally finish the antibiotics.
Your partner should also get treated for gonorrhea so you dont re-infect each other or anyone else.
Dont have sex for 7 days. If you only have 1 dose of medication, wait until a week after you take it to have sex. If youre taking medicine for 7 days, dont have sex until youve finished all of your pills.
Get tested again in 3 months to make sure your infection is gone.
Dont share your medicine with anyone. Your doctor may give you a separate dose of antibiotics for your partner. Make sure you both take all of the medicine you get.
If you still have symptoms after you finish your treatment, call your doctor.
Even if you finish your treatment and the gonorrhea is totally gone, its possible to get infected with gonorrhea again. Gonorrhea isnt a one-time-only deal. So use condoms and get tested regularly.
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How Is Chlamydia Treated
Chlamydia can be cleared up with antibiotics in about a week or two. But dont stop taking your medication just because your symptoms improve. Ask your provider about what follow-up is needed to be sure your infection is gone after youve finished taking your medicine.
Part of your treatment should also include avoiding sexual activities that could cause you to get re-infected and ensuring that any sexual partners who may be infected also get treatment. You should:
- Abstain from sex until your infection has cleared up. Starting treatment doesnt mean that youre in the clear. Take all your medication as your provider directs, and avoid all sexual contact in the meantime.
- Contact all sexual partners. Tell any sexual partners from the last 3 months that youre infected so that they can get tested, too.
- Get tested for other STIs . Its common to have multiple STIs, and its important to receive treatment thats tailored to each infection.
Antibiotics can get rid of your infection, but they cant reverse any harm the bacteria may have caused to your body before treatment. This is why its so important to get screened regularly for chlamydia, to see your provider at the first sign of symptoms, and get treatment immediately if youre infected.
Whats The Difference Between Chlamydia And Gonorrhea
Chlamydia and gonorrhea are the two most common bacterial sexually transmitted infections in the United States. Between the two infections, more than 2 million cases were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2019.
When left untreated, both chlamydia and gonorrhea can lead to more serious, long-term health problems, which is why testing is essentialregardless of whether or not youre experiencing symptoms.
If youre sexually active, getting tested for STIs can help keep you and your sexual partners healthy. In fact, for women and people with vaginas under the age of 25, and people with new or multiple sex partners, the CDC recommends STI screens at least once a year.
Even people in monogamous, long-term relationships should get tested at least once.
STI screening can help with early diagnosis and treatment. Diagnosing potential STIs early can reduce the risk of an STI leading to a more serious health complication.
Fortunately, there are antibiotics that can effectively treat both chlamydia and gonorrhea when diagnosed.
In this article, Ill describe the differences between chlamydia and gonorrhea, including their causes and symptoms. Ill talk about how each is treated and diagnosed, and which measures can help prevent them.
How Is Gonorrhea Diagnosed
There are several ways in which gonorrhea can be diagnosed. The most common diagnostic test is nucleic acid amplification testing using a urine, urethral, endocervical, or vaginal specimen.
Your provider may also test for gonorrhea by swabbing the infected site. For infections of the rectum or throat, there are FDA-cleared rectal and oral diagnostic tests as well.
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Can A Treated Std Come Back
Monique Rainford, MD, is board-certified in obstetrics-gynecology, and currently serves as an Assistant Clinical Professor at Yale Medicine. She is the former chief of obstetrics-gynecology at Yale Health.
It’s important that you find treatment for your STD if you think or know you have one. It’s also important to know that having your STD treated is not a guarantee that it will never come back.
This article explains why an STD can return, why taking the wrong medication can hurt you, and the risk of reinfection if you are not careful about safe sex practices.
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Will I Need To Go Back To The Clinic
If you take your antibiotics correctly, you may not need to return to the clinic.
However, you will be advised to go back for another chlamydia test if:
- you had sex before you and your partner finished treatment
- you forgot to take your medication or didnt take it properly
- your symptoms dont go away
If youre under 25 years of age, you should be offered a repeat test for chlamydia 3 to 6 months after finishing your treatment because youre at a higher risk of catching it again.
Chlamydia Symptoms In Women
Chlamydia is often known as the silent infection. Thats because people with chlamydia may not experience symptoms at all.
If a woman contracts the STI, it may take several weeks before any symptoms appear.
Some of the most common symptoms of chlamydia in women include:
- painful sexual intercourse
The symptoms of PID are:
- abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods
Chlamydia can also infect the rectum. Women may not experience symptoms if they have a chlamydia infection in the rectum. If symptoms of a rectal infection do occur, however, they may include rectal pain, discharge, and bleeding.
Additionally, women can develop a throat infection if they have oral sex with someone with the infection. Though its possible to contract it without knowing it, symptoms of a chlamydia infection in your throat include cough, fever, and sore throat.
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Can You Still Have Gonorrhea After Treatment
It is becoming harder to treat some cases of gonorrhea, as drug-resistant strains are increasing. After a few days of treatment, if your symptoms do go away or get worse, then you need to see your doctor for more testing. Once youve been successfully treated for gonorrhea, it is still possible to catch it again if you have unprotected sex with an infected partner. This is why it is very important for both you and your partner to be treated at the same time, so you dont continue to pass it back and forth. Curing gonorrhea does not make you immune from contracting it again.
Female Complications Of Untreated Chlamydia
Infertility is also possible if chlamydia is left untreated because the fallopian tubes may become scarred.
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What Is The Outlook For People With Gonorrhea
People who get prompt treatment and follow treatment instructions carefully can resume their normal lives. Untreated gonorrhea can cause several long-term health problems. Gonorrhea can even be life-threatening without proper care.
Complications in women
In people assigned female at birth, untreated gonorrhea can:
- Spread to other reproductive organs, including your uterus and fallopian tubes, and cause pelvic inflammatory disease. PID can cause infertility and ectopic pregnancies, which can be life-threatening to the mother and the baby.
- Cause eye problems in infants born to untreated birthing parents, leading to blindness.
- Spread to other body parts, causing swollen and painful joints, liver inflammation, and heart valve and brain damage.
Complications in men
- Inflammation of the testicles.
- Prostate pain and inflammation.
- Other problems if it spreads throughout the body, including swollen and painful joints, liver inflammation, and heart valve and brain damage.