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Symptoms Of Gonorrhea And Chlamydia In Women

Contacting Any Previous Partners

Normalizing Chlamydia ScreeningHow to Talk to Patients

Youll want to let your current sexual partner know they should get tested for gonorrhea right away.

If a healthcare professional diagnoses gonorrhea, they may also ask for the names and contact information of any previous sexual partners.

The law requires healthcare professionals to report the diagnosis, usually to the county public health department. Public health officials will then contact your partner anonymously and explain that theyll need to get tested for gonorrhea.

The health department takes this step because gonorrhea often doesnt involve symptoms. People who dont know they have the infection may not get tested or treated. As a result, they might transmit it without realizing or go on to develop serious, sometimes permanent, reproductive health concerns.

How Does Gonorrhea Affect Pregnancy

For pregnant women, untreated gonorrhea raises the risk of:

  • Premature birth . Premature birth is the most common cause of infant death and can lead to long-term health and developmental problems in children.4
  • Water breaking too early. This can lead to premature birth.

Babies born to infected mothers are at risk for:

  • Blindness. Treating the newborns eyes with medicine right after birth can prevent eye infection. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force strongly recommends and most states require by law that all babies be treated with medicated eye ointments soon after birth.5
  • Joint infection
  • Life-threatening blood infection

Treatment of gonorrhea as soon as it is found in pregnant women will lower the risk of these problems for both mother and baby. Your baby will get antibiotics if you have gonorrhea or if your baby has a gonorrheal eye infection.

Things To Know About Gonorrhea In Women

  • Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that is transmitted during sexual activity.
  • Gonorrhea is not transmitted from toilet seats.
  • Women infected with gonorrhea may not have any symptoms. Common gonorrhea symptoms and signs include vaginal discharge and pain when a woman urinates.
  • Gonorrhea is treated with antibiotics.
  • Gonorrhea may cause pelvic inflammatory disease , tubo-ovarian abscess, and infertility.

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Facts On Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases are infections that can be transferred from one person to another through any type of sexual contact. STDs are sometimes referred to as sexually transmitted infections since they involve the transmission of a disease-causing organism from one person to another during sexual activity. It is important to realize that sexual contact includes more than just sexual intercourse . Sexual contact includes kissing, oral-genital contact, and the use of sexual âtoys,â such as vibrators. STDs probably have been around for thousands of years, but the most dangerous of these conditions, the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome , has only been recognized since 1984.

Many STDs are treatable, but effective cures are lacking for others, such as HIV, HPV, and hepatitis B and C. Even gonorrhea, once easily cured, has become resistant to many of the older traditional antibiotics. Many STDs can be present in, and spread by, people who do not have any symptoms of the condition and have not yet been diagnosed with an STD. Therefore, public awareness and education about these infections and the methods of preventing them is important.

Chlamydia is very destructive to the Fallopian tubes. It can also cause severe pelvic infection. If untreated, some women with chlamydia will develop pelvic inflammatory disease. Symptoms of pelvic infection include:

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Is There A Cure

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Yes. Gonorrhea can be cured with antibiotics. Important: Do not treat yourself! Using the wrong kind or dose of medicine, or sharing someone elses medicine, may hide the signs of your infection and create new health problems. If you think you have gonorrhea, go to your health care provider or a clinic. Any medicine you take should be ordered for you and only for you.

Recommended Reading: How To Treat Chlamydia On Your Own

It Is Easy To Get Tested For Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that can affect both men and women. While both genders can be affected, the specific effects and method of diagnosis for the bacterial infection differs between male patients and female patients. We looked at the methods used to assist in the diagnosis of chlamydia among men in this post, as well as some particular factors that are unique to a male patient with this condition.

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Symptoms Of Gonorrhoea And Chlamydia

Gonorrhoea and chlamydia are sexually transmitted diseases that can cause serious health problems if not treated promptly.

Both infections are caused by Neisseria gonorrhoea and Chlamydia trachomatis, respectively.

Both conditions are treatable with antibiotics. Gonorrhoea is curable in most cases, but it may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, resulting in infertility or ectopic pregnancy.

Chlamydia causes PID as well as pelvic pain and bleeding between periods. The infection may be asymptomatic, or you may have a mild case.

According to the centre for disease control, In 2020 alone, there were about 820,000 new cases of gonorrhoea and over 300,000 new cases of chlamydia.

This means that more than 1 million people got infected with these two types of STDs. It is essential to know what they look like so you can get tested and treated quickly. The following are 5 symptoms of gonorrhoea and chlamydia:

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What Are The Long

Experts used to think that a one-time chlamydia or gonorrhea infection didnt have any big impact on someones health and life. More recently, they found out that its not the case. Women who test positive for chlamydia, for example, are at risk for several different reproductive problems, and that risk remains throughout 17 years of follow-up, which is way longer than the previously estimated 1 year only. Gonorrhea too can cause irreversible damage. So what are those risks?

Can Gonorrhea Be Cured

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Yes. Prompt treatment can cure gonorrhea. Take all medicine as your healthcare provider instructs, even if your symptoms improve and you start to feel better. Also, never take someone elses medicine to treat your illness. Doing so makes the infection harder to treat.

Taking all antibiotics as prescribed is always important, but its especially important with gonorrhea. Gonorrhea is curable now, but its becoming more resistant to antibiotics. Some forms of gonorrhea that have developed a high level of antibiotic resistance are commonly referred to as super gonorrhea.

To ensure that gonorrhea remains curable, its more important than ever that everyone take medications as prescribed and that everyone takes steps to prevent infection.

Recommended Reading: What Antibiotics Do They Give You For Chlamydia

Possible Symptoms In Boys And Men

A chlamydia infection is more noticeable in boys and men who have sex with female partners. These males often have infections in the urethra, the tube through which urine leaves the body. They will usually have pain or some discharge or irritation when they urinate, so theyre more likely to go get treatment, says Dr. Dombrowski.

But for boys having sex with other boys, infection in the rectum is most common and that almost never causes symptoms, she says.

More frequent chlamydia symptoms in boy and men include the followings:

  • Pain or swelling of the testicles
  • Inflammation of the rectum
  • A burning or painful feeling when you urinate, because of inflammation of the urethra
  • Inflammation of the eyelid
  • Infections in your mouth and throat that cause soreness and redness, though most oral infections cause no symptoms

Whats The Difference Between Chlamydia And Gonorrhea

Chlamydia and gonorrhea are the two most common bacterial sexually transmitted infections in the United States. Between the two infections, more than 2 million cases were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2019.

When left untreated, both chlamydia and gonorrhea can lead to more serious, long-term health problems, which is why testing is essentialregardless of whether or not youre experiencing symptoms.

If youre sexually active, getting tested for STIs can help keep you and your sexual partners healthy. In fact, for women and people with vaginas under the age of 25, and people with new or multiple sex partners, the CDC recommends STI screens at least once a year.

Even people in monogamous, long-term relationships should get tested at least once.

STI screening can help with early diagnosis and treatment. Diagnosing potential STIs early can reduce the risk of an STI leading to a more serious health complication.

Fortunately, there are antibiotics that can effectively treat both chlamydia and gonorrhea when diagnosed.

In this article, Ill describe the differences between chlamydia and gonorrhea, including their causes and symptoms. Ill talk about how each is treated and diagnosed, and which measures can help prevent them.

Also Check: What Kind Of Antibiotic Is Used To Treat Chlamydia

Its Not Uncommon To Have Gonorrhea And Chlamydia At The Same Time

Research has shown that up to 50% of all teens and young adults who tested positive for gonorrhea at STD clinics, family planning centers and juvenile detention centers also had chlamydia. Adalja says this can happen simply because individuals who have gonorrhea are also likely to have risk factors for chlamydia and vice versa. And, he points out, They are both transmitted in the same manner and have the same risks for acquisition.

What Is Chlamydia Vs Gonorrhea

Menstrual Periods

Chlamydia and gonorrhea are both common, highly contagious bacterial STIs. Both can be spread through unprotected sexual contact.

These infections are often found in the genitals, but they can also be found in the rectum and throat.

But they are not the same infection, and they are not caused by the same bacteria. Gonorrhea is caused by the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium, also known as gonococcus.

Chlamydia is caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis.

Read Also: How To Know If You Have Chlamydia Female

About Chlamydia And Gonorrhea

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that there are 2.86 million cases of chlamydia in the US each year, and over half a million cases of gonorrhea. Both of these STIs are most common in women between the ages of 15 and 25. You are more at risk for these STIs if:

  • You are under the age of 25 and sexually active
  • You have a new sex partner
  • You have multiple sex partners
  • You dont use a male condom correctly when having sex

Treated With The Same Type Of Antibiotic

Sexually transmitted infections tend to be something that we dont like to talk about. Despite how common they are, there is still a stigma attached to STIs and a lot of shame and embarrassment around testing positive. Perhaps youre worried about how to tell your partner, or how previous partners will react to the news. Whatever happens, youve done the right thing in getting tested and being honest about it.

Gonorrhea and chlamydia are two common sexually transmitted infections. They are both caused by bacteria and treated with the same type of antibiotics. In many cases, they dont cause symptoms, especially with chlamydia, so its possible to have an STI without knowing. This is how theyre so easily spread, because there are no warning signs.

Order safe treatment for chlamydia

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Painin The Stomach Or Pelvic Area

When chlamydia is left untreated, there is a 30% chance, and the infection will spread towards the pelvicorgans and cause pelvic inflammatory disease. This disease is often associatedwith sharp, dull, or cramping pelvic pain. The pain will usually start from thepelvic area and travel to the abdomen.

The image below is a clear representation of pelvic inflammation. In this particular example, chlamydia has infected the entire uterus and fallopian tubes.

The second picture is a typical example of a normal versus an inflamed fallopian tube. The left side of the image shows a healthy fallopian tube, while on the right side, inflammation has affected the area and caused the tube to double in size.

  • A yellow vaginal discharge
  • Vaginal bleeding between menstrual periods
  • Rectal bleeding, discharge, or pain

Gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis are sexually transmitted diseases . These three STDs can cause serious, long-term problems if they are not treated, especially for teenagers and young women.

Gonorrhea Symptoms In Women

Precautions for young women if tested positive for STD – Dr. Teena S Thomas

Some women experience symptoms within a couple of days of contracting the infection. However, it usually takes 2-10 days to experience the symptoms after becoming infected. It is also possible to have gonorrhea but have no specific symptoms for quite a long time. That is the reason why you should always avoid having unprotected sex when you are not sure about the health status of your partner.

When symptoms appear, they are usually quite mild in the beginning. Many women even think they are only experiencing a vaginal bacterial or yeast infection. Some common symptoms associated with gonorrhea include the following:

  • Pain in the throat
  • Creamy, watery, or slightly green vaginal discharge
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Painful vaginal intercourse

Symptoms in Men

Even after receiving treatment, it is possible to have the infection in your body that can damage the testicles and urethra. Sometimes, you may experience pain in the rectum as well.

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Silent Stis: Chlamydia And Gonorrhea

  • OB/GYN Knowledge Center
  • Silent STIs: Chlamydia and Gonorrhea
  • You might think that if you had a sexually transmitted infection you would know, but the fact is that some STIs are usually asymptomatic in women. Two of these silent STIs are chlamydia and gonorrhea. Depending on your age and risk factors, your gynecologist may screen you for both of these STIs at your annual checkup. That’s because if you do have one of these infections and it’s left untreated, it can cause infertility later on.

    Read on to learn more about why you should take chlamydia and gonorrhea screening seriously.

    Can Chlamydia Turn Into Gonorrhea

    No, chlamydia on itâs own cannot turn into gonorrhea as they are caused by two different bacteria.

    It does happen that people contract and carry both chlamydia and gonorrhea bacteria, so you can have them at the same time. Also, having one increases your likelihood of contracting another thus, it is always important to be treated for both.

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    How Common Is Chlamydia

    cases of chlamydia in the United States.

    Men and women can both get the infection, but more cases in women are reported.

    Infection rates are highest among younger women, with the highest rates of infection occurring in women between ages 15 and 24.

    The CDC recommends that all sexually active women ages 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia every year, as well as women ages 25 and older with risk factors for chlamydia.

    Statistically, a person is more likely to get an STI if theyve had sex with more than one person. Other risk factors include having had an STI in the past, or currently have an infection, because this could lower resistance.

    An act of sexual assault can raise the risk for contracting chlamydia and other STIs. If you were forced into any sexual activity, including oral sex, aim to get screened as soon as possible. Organizations like the Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network offer support for survivors of rape or sexual assault. For anonymous, confidential help:

    Rates for chlamydia and other STIs have been climbing in recent years. See the new statistics and groups that are most at risk.

    How Can I Protect Myself From Chlamydia

    Gonorrhea and Chlamydia

    Its not always possible to know if a current or potential partner has chlamydia, though, especially since many people with chlamydia never notice symptoms. With prevention in mind, its a good idea to make safer sex practices a regular part of your sex life:

    • Dont share sex toys, but if you do, wash them after each use and cover toys used for penetration with a condom.
    • Have sex with only one partner, who only has sex with you.

    Also Check: Ways To Get Chlamydia Other Than Sexually

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    Can Gonorrhea Be Prevented

    The only way to prevent gonorrhea and other STDs is to not have sex . If you decide to have sex, using a latex condom every time can prevent most STDs.

    If you are sexually active, get tested for STDs every year, or more often as recommended by your health care provider. This way, you can get treated right away if you get an STD.

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    Stay Aware Stay Protected

    Lack of public awareness and widespread stigma around STIs remain barriers to controlling the spread of infections like chlamydia and gonorrhea. Additionally, in various countries, reducing STIs in young adults is a major challenge due to limited information.2,11

    To control the spread, ensuring that this target group is well informed about the risks and prevention measures is crucial. This can easily be achieved by educating, and counselling the adults so that they seek appropriate care.11

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    How Do Chlamydia And Gonorrhea Affect Non

    A study has shown that chlamydia increases the risk of developing PID, TFI, or an ectopic pregnancy by 30% and that the risk increases with each subsequent infection. Although less widespread in the US, gonorrhea is also a major factor in developing these complications.

    • Cervical cancer: Experts believe that chlamydia may cause cervical cancer, either directly, or through the increased risk of getting infected with HPV, which in turn can lead to that type of cancer. In a recent study, that risk was found in over 10 independent studies.
    • Increased risk of getting other STIs: Last but not least, untreated chlamydia or gonorrhea increases someones risk to catch other STIs and STDs, such as human papillomavirus and HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

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