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How To Tell If You Have Chlamydia Or Gonorrhea

What Happens If Chlamydia Goes Untreated For 2 Years

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In most cases, chlamydia symptoms will occur within weeks of exposure. Chlamydia symptoms usually appear within one to three weeks after being infected. They can range in severity levels.

If chlamydia goes untreated for 2 years, it may lead to damage to the reproductive system.

Chlamydial infections in women may spread to the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease which may damage the fallopian tubes and uterus and cause chronic pain, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy. Women who have chlamydia also are at much greater risk for becoming infected with HIV. In men, complications from chlamydia are rare.

How Do You Test For Chlamydia

Nucleic Acid Amplification The three NAA tests described below work by finding the DNA of chlamydia bacteria. Because NAA tests search for the bacterias genetic material, it is very unlikely that a false-positive test result will occur. The incubation period for chlamydia is 1-5 days, so wait at least five days after potential chlamydia exposure before getting tested to ensure the most accurate results possible.

Urine samples

  • Testing via urine samples needs to consist of first-catch urine . Patients should not include more than the first-catch in the collection cup to avoid diluting the sample.
  • Patients should not urinate for at least one hour prior to providing a sample.
  • Female patients should not cleanse the labial area prior to providing the specimen.

Swab cultures

  • Neonates conjunctival swab

Why shouldnt you get tested for chlamydia via a blood test?

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay Antibodies, IgM

  • IgM antibodies are found mainly in the blood and lymph fluid they are the first antibody to be made by the body to fight a new infection.
  • This blood samples results should not be used as a diagnostic procedure without confirmation of the diagnosis by another medically established diagnostic product or procedure.

Enzyme immunoassay Antibodies, IgG

  • IgG antibodies are the most abundant type of antibody they are found in all body fluids and protect against bacterial and viral infections.

How Is Gonorrhea Diagnosed

Your healthcare provider will ask you questions about your symptoms and sexual history. A urine test can often diagnose gonorrhea.

During the physical exam, your provider may:

  • Perform a pelvic exam, taking a sample of fluid from the cervix to test.
  • Take a sample of fluid from the penis.
  • Do a throat or anal culture to see if the infection is in those areas.

Your provider will discuss which testing method is best in your situation. You may need to wait a few days for test results to come back from the lab. You may also have chlamydia, another STD. These two infections often occur together. Your provider may test you for both.

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What Does A Chlamydia Infection Look Like

Although few, some of the visible signs of chlamydia in females include:

  • Cervical inflammation and bleeding: the infection can cause inflammation at the cervix and make the outer portion of the cervix look red, a condition called cervicitis. This would only be visible if a health care provider examines you.
  • Discharge: some of the signs you have chlamydia also includes a change in vaginal discharge. Youll notice more discharge than usual, and it may be yellowish or even bloodstained, that may have an odor.
  • Swelling during a pelvic exam: sometimes, during your pelvic exam, your doctor might discover tenderness within the pelvis, especially on touching the cervix. They may also detect swelling of the tubes and ovaries.

Treatments For Gonorrhea And Chlamydia

Test for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea

Since both STDs are caused by a bacterial infection, the treatment is a regimen of oral antibiotics.

Some strains of gonorrhea in the US have become antibiotic resistant, sometimes called super gonorrhea. Therefore, a medical physician will decide on the best course of antibiotics.

The most commonly recommended antibiotics for both chlamydia and gonorrhea are:

The infection should clear after one to two weeks.

You should never stop taking antibiotics until the recommended course is finished, even if you think the infection cleared or you are feeling better.

If you do not finish the antibiotics, the infection can come back and be resistant to the antibiotics you were taking.

Additionally, since antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria are already more common, if your symptoms continue after a few days of taking antibiotics, consult your doctor. They may switch you to a different strain of antibiotics.

Some people report home remedies for chlamydia and gonorrhea easing their symptoms, but the only effective treatment for both STDs are antibiotics.

Gonorrhea and chlamydia are curable by taking the appropriate medication as directed however, repeat infections are common.

You and your sexual partner should always be tested after three months of completing treatment, especially if you are unsure whether your partner received treatment.

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Gonorrhea Symptoms Are Often Confused For Chlamydia

The most commonly observed symptoms of gonorrhea in both men and women are the same as those experienced with chlamydia: burning during urination, unusual discharge from the penis, vagina or rectum, and pain or bleeding from the rectum. This can sometimes result in a mistaken self-diagnosis of chlamydia. Additional gonorrhea symptoms can include swollen neck lymph nodes, eye pain, light sensitivity, eye discharge and/or swollen, painful joints. In men, symptoms sometimes include pain in the testicles and foreskin inflammation. In women, symptoms may also include pain during intercourse, fever, vulva swelling, heavier periods, bleeding between periods and abdominal or pelvic pain.

How Long Does It Take To Show Up In The Throat

Symptoms of chlamydia in your throat are typically caused by having oral sex with someone whos contracted the infection.

Its much less common to notice throat symptoms, but they may still appear after a week or so, up to a few months or longer.

STI tests that look for chlamydia arent always done on the throat since its an area that does not carry the infection often. Ask your doctor for a throat swab or other chlamydia test if you think youve been exposed through oral sex.

Here are the most common symptoms of chlamydia in both people with penises and people with vulvas.

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Chlamydia Symptoms & Treatment

FAST FACTS

  • Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that is normally passed on through sex without a condom or sharing sex toys with someone who has the infection.
  • Using male or female condoms and dental dams during sex will help to protect you from getting chlamydia.
  • Chlamydia is often symptomless however if left untreated it can lead to long-term health problems.
  • Chlamydia is easily treated with antibiotics.
  • Chlamydia can be passed on from mother to child during pregnancy, so its important for pregnant women to get tested.

What Is A Chlamydia Infection

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Chlamydia is among the most common STDs in the world. Many people have it its estimated that 1 in 20 sexually active young women aged 14-24 has chlamydia.

The main cause for chlamydia is the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis that affects both men and women. The chlamydia infection is easily spread because it often has no symptoms and you can unknowingly pass it to your sexual partner.

Although you dont have outward symptoms in the early stages, its important to be careful. If you dont treat it on time, chlamydia can cause infertility or a risky pregnancy.

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Does Trichomoniasis Mean Your Partner Cheated

The bottom line

People can have trichomoniasis for months without showing any symptoms. If you or your partner suddenly have symptoms or test positive for it, it doesnt necessarily mean that someones cheating. Either partner may have gotten it in a previous relationship and unknowingly passed it on.

Who Is At Risk For Chlamydia

This STD is particularly common in young people. According to a CDC report, chlamydia prevalence among sexually active persons aged 14-24 years is nearly three times the prevalence among those aged 25-39 years. It is more prevalent among young women because at that age the cervix is still developing and is much more susceptible to the bacteria. Additionally, the vagina and cervix provide more surface area than the penis, which makes it easier for women to contract the bacteria.

Whether chlamydia symptoms are present or not, untreated chlamydia can travel to the upper genital tract and cause serious health problems. In women, chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease and cause permanent damage leading to infertility or potentially fatal ectopic pregnancy. In men, untreated cases can lead to epididymitis, which can, but very rarely does, cause sterility.

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Stds With Few Or No Symptoms

It’s important to keep in mind, though, that symptoms aren’t always a good measure of determining whether you or your partner has an STD. Many sexually transmitted diseases can remain asymptomatic for years. In other words, there are no noticeable signs of infection.

Furthermore, it is possible for someone to have no STD symptoms at all and still be contagiousthis includes STDs from gonorrhea and chlamydia to herpes and HIV. That’s why there’s no substitute for regular screening.

A lack of symptoms is no guarantee that you don’t have an STD. You may be infected and able to transmit the disease to any partners.

What Happens During A Gonorrhea Test

At

If you are a woman, a sample may be taken from your cervix. For this procedure, you will lie on your back on an exam table, with your knees bent. You will rest your feet in supports called stirrups. Your health care provider will use a plastic or metal instrument called a speculum to open the vagina, so the cervix can be seen. Your provider will then use a soft brush or plastic spatula to collect the sample.

If you are a man, your provider may take a swab from the opening of your urethra.

For both men and women, a sample may be taken from a suspected area of infection, such as the mouth or rectum. Urine tests are also used for both men and women.

Some gonorrhea tests can be done with an at-home STD test kit. If your health care provider recommends at-home testing, be sure to follow all directions carefully.

Your health care provider may order tests for other STDs when you get a gonorrhea test. These may include tests for chlamydia, syphilis, and/or HIV.

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What Happens If Gonorrhea Goes Untreated

If a person is not treated for gonorrhea, there is a good chance complications will occur. Women frequently suffer from pelvic inflammatory disease , a painful condition that occurs when the infection spreads throughout the reproductive organs. PID can lead to sterilization in females. Men may suffer from swelling of the testicles and penis. Both sexes may suffer from arthritis, skin problems and other organ infections caused by the spread of gonorrhea within the body.

How Do You Get Chlamydia

Chlamydia is usually passed on through unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex.

Chlamydia can be passed on through genital contact. This means you can get chlamydia from someone who has the infection if your genitals touch, even if you dont have sex or ejaculate .

You can also get chlamydia if you come into contact with infected semen or vaginal fluid, or get them in your eye.

Chlamydia cant be passed on through kissing, hugging, sharing towels or using the same toilet as someone with the infection.

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Can Chlamydia Turn Into Gonorrhea

No, chlamydia on its own cannot turn into gonorrhea as they are caused by two different bacteria.

It does happen that people contract and carry both chlamydia and gonorrhea bacteria, so you can have them at the same time. Also, having one increases your likelihood of contracting another thus, it is always important to be treated for both.

Chlamydia And Gonorrhea: How To Know The Difference

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Chlamydia and gonorrhea are arguably some of the most common, and well known, sexually transmitted infections worldwide. As a matter of fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention refer to both of these infections as two nationally notifiable STIs .

Occasionally mistaken for one another, chlamydia and gonorrhea have similar symptoms and signs, and can even cause some similar side effects when left untreated. In saying that, both chlamydia and gonorrhea are individual infections, with a variety of distinct differences – each of which is worth knowing more about.

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How Gonorrhea And Chlamydia Are Tested

Both gonorrhea and chlamydia can be diagnosed with similar methods. A healthcare provider might do a physical examination to look for symptoms, and they may do a urine test to check for the bacteria that cause chlamydia or gonorrhea.

But screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea doesnât have to take place at a clinic. With the Everlywell at-home Chlamydia & Gonorrhea Test, you can easily check for these STIs from the comfort and privacy of your home.

The kit comes with easy-to-follow instructions and everything you need to collect your sample at home, and your physician-reviewed results can be conveniently and securely viewed online on your device. Plus, if you receive a positive result after you get tested for chlamydia and gonorrhea with the Everlywell at-home test, youâll have the opportunity to connect with our independent physician networkâand may be prescribed medication to treat the infection.

Can You Have Chlamydia In The Mouth

Chlamydia is known to infect the oropharynx, a part of the throat that’s behind the mouth. So technically speaking, chlamydia can infect the throat instead of the mouth directly. However, chlamydia in women and men can be transmitted through the mouth of an infected partner during certain sexual activities like oral sex.

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Can Gonorrhea Lay Dormant In The Body

Yes, gonorrhea can lay dormant. A person can be infected with the bacterium but never develops symptoms that are noticeable. It is because most of the sexually transmitted infections, whether viral or bacterial, do not cause symptoms and can lie dormant for a few years before manifesting symptoms. Gonorrhea can lay dormant for up to a year. The majority of the females infected with gonorrhea are asymptomatic and up to 50% of the males infected with the bacterium have either very minor symptoms or no symptoms at all.

Question: How long could you have gonorrhea and not know about it? I believe my last partner ago give it to me around 9 months.

Answer: It is difficult to know the exact time from when the person had gonorrhea, particularly because it is so common to be asymptomatic. If you have a doubt, it is advised to visit a physician and get yourself tested for STIs. Many times, symptoms do dont develop for a month and you may not notice it until it spreads to other parts of body.

Im Pregnant How Does Chlamydia Affect My Baby

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If you are pregnant and have chlamydia, you can pass the infection to your baby during delivery. This could cause an eye infection or pneumonia in your newborn. Having chlamydia may also make it more likely to deliver your baby too early.

If you are pregnant, you should get tested for chlamydia at your first prenatal visit. Testing and treatment are the best ways to prevent health problems.

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Many People With Gonorrhea Do Not Have Symptoms

Given the long list of symptoms above, you may expect it would be easy to know if you have gonorrhea, but roughly 10-15% of infected men and 80% of infected women experience no symptoms at all. When women do experience symptoms, they are often mild enough to be confused for a bladder or vaginal infection. People with no symptoms often go undiagnosed, placing them at risk for developing complications and for unknowingly spreading the infection to partners.

The Incubation Period Of Common Stds

After unprotected sex or when you discover a strange symptom in your pubic area, you may wonder about your risks of getting a sexually transmitted disease . Below, you will find a few guidelines for how long it usually takes for STD symptoms to show up after exposure.

This is the STD incubation periodthe length of time between infection and when symptoms appear. Knowing them will help you determine if you have an STD and take appropriate action.

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Chlamydia In Women: A Complete Guide

To help women protect themselves against this common type of sexually transmitted disease , Flo has prepared a guide that explains the basics of chlamydia.

STDs are infections that are transmitted from one person to another via sexual contact. Today, there are over 20 types of STDs and chlamydia is one of them.

Whether you suspect that you might have it or want to educate yourself, let this guide help you find all the answers you were looking for.

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If untreated, chlamydia can develop into serious reproductive and other health problems with both short-term and long-term effects. The damage is often silent.

10 percent to 15 percent women with untreated chlamydia will suffer with pelvic inflammatory disease.

Problems among men are rare. Infection can cause epididymitis, a painful condition of the testicles that can lead to infertility if not treated.

Chlamydia infection can cause reactive arthritis, formerly known as Reiters syndrome, although this is rare. Symptoms include arthritis, skin lesions and swelling of the eye and urethra.

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