How Long Does It Take To Show Up In People With Penises
Theres no significant difference in the amount of time it takes for chlamydia symptoms to show up for people with penises as compared to people with vulvas.
The only major difference in the time it takes for symptoms to show up among people of various sexes may be related to how often symptoms show up.
According to the Childrens National Health System, 90 percent of people with vulvas dont ever experience any physical symptoms, while 70 percent of people with penises never notice any symptoms.
This difference in who actually experiences symptoms between these two groups may have some effect on how long it takes for symptoms show up. But theres never been any definitive link between your sex and when your symptoms appear.
Irregular Or Delayed Periods
Periods can be complicated and irregularities can occur for a number of reasons . Ovarian cysts can be yet another factor that complicates periods further and can add pain and discomfort. Some months, the cyst that forms is larger and releases more fluid, causing immense pain while other months the cyst is smaller, releasing less fluid and causing slight discomfort.
Can You Still Have A Period With An Ectopic Pregnancy
You may not notice any symptoms at first. However, some women who have an ectopic pregnancy have the usual early signs or symptoms of pregnancy a missed period, breast tenderness and nausea. If you take a pregnancy test, the result will be positive. Still, an ectopic pregnancy cant continue as normal.
Read Also: When Does Chlamydia Show Up
How Do I Know If Im Spotting Or Its My Period
Your period isnât always regular, so it can sometimes be hard to differentiate between an early period and bleeding outside of your period. With spotting, unlike your period, you usually produce less blood than your period. And the color of your blood is usually lighter with spotting than with your period.
Preventing The Spread Of Infection
It is absolutely necessary to inform the partner if you get a positive test for Chlamydia. The sooner the partner is told the more effective and simple the treatment can be. Make sure your partner gets tested and receives the treatment as well and abstain from the intercourse until the treatment of both you and the partner is finished.
Recommended Reading: How Long Should I Wait To Get Tested For Chlamydia
Research And Statistics: How Many People Get Chlamydia
Chlamydia is a very common infection, constituting the largest proportion of all STDs reported to the CDC since 1994.
The American Sexual Health Association , for instance, estimates that as many as three million people have chlamydia each year in the United States.
Certain groups are much more likely to get chlamydia than the general population. For example, the rate of reported chlamydia in 2017 was about 39.9 cases per 1,000 people among women ages 20 to 24, and about 32.7 per 1,000 people among women ages 15 to 19.
Among men age 19 or younger who visited an STD clinic in 2017, nearly 40 percent of those who had sex with women tested positive for chlamydia. This number was nearly 30 percent for men ages 20 to 24 who had sex with women, and only slightly lower for men who had sex with men.
The rate of reported chlamydia varies widely throughout the United States at the county and state level. In 2017, West Virginia, Vermont, and New Hampshire had the lowest reported rates of chlamydia, while the highest rates were found in the District of Columbia, Alaska, Louisiana, and Mississippi. The region with the highest rate of chlamydia was the South, while the Northeast had the lowest rate.
Chlamydia In Women: A Complete Guide
To help women protect themselves against this common type of sexually transmitted disease , Flo has prepared a guide that explains the basics of chlamydia.
STDs are infections that are transmitted from one person to another via sexual contact. Today, there are over 20 types of STDs and chlamydia is one of them.
Whether you suspect that you might have it or want to educate yourself, let this guide help you find all the answers you were looking for.
Do I Need To Do Anything To Prepare For A Pelvic Exam
Because a Pap test is typically performed during a routine pelvic exam, you should schedule the exam when you are not having your period.
In addition, for 48 hours prior to the exam, you should not:
- Use birth control foam, cream, or jelly
- Use medicine or cream in your vagina
When you book your gyno appointment months in advance, you cant necessarily control whether your period will land on the same day. If lucky you your period and your check-up coincide, dont sweat it. If you cant go to your gynecologist on your period, then who can you go to? says Nathan. Were used to bleeding. Just be aware that in some cases, having a Pap smear during your period may make it harder to get a clear test result, but that doesnt mean you should skip your appointment. If youre having a Pap smear on your period, Ill try to swipe away the blood and do the Pap, says Nathan. If it comes back inconclusive, you may have to come back. But rarely would we advise patients to cancel their appointment just for that reason.
Chlamydia Symptoms In Women:
- testicular pain and/or swelling
- swollen skin around the anus
Depending on the localization of the infection, women, men and children may experience inflamed rectum, urethra or eyelids. The symptoms of mouth and throat infections are rare although a person can suffer a sore throat. Eyes infected with chlamydia can be itchy, swelled, cause painful sensations or produce discharge similar to conjunctivitis. Infection in the rectum results in bleeding, chlamydia discharge and pain.
Read Also: How Are Men Tested For Chlamydia
Women’s Menstrual Cycles Can Directly Affect Their General Health
- University of Oxford
- Women that have undiagnosed sexually transmitted infections may be at greater risk of experiencing negative premenstrual symptoms , according to new research.
Women that have undiagnosed sexually transmitted infections may be at greater risk of experiencing negative premenstrual symptoms , according to new Oxford University research.
The study was conducted as part of a long term partnership with the female health, fertility and period-tracking app, CLUE. The findings, published in Evolution Medicine & Public Health, suggest that the presence of an undiagnosed STI might aggravate the negative premenstrual experience.
Despite being known to have an anti-social effect on women’s lives, altering their moods, energy levels, eating habits and even sex drive, periods are not recognised as a scientific factor in the study of female health. However, since some STI infections are asymptomatic, for instance 70% of people diagnosed with Chlamydia are unaware of it, and can lead to fertility issues, the study authors caution that these results are significant, and that reproductive health needs to be taken more seriously by both the scientific community and women in general.
Before diagnosis, the presence of an infection such as Chlamydia, Herpes or HPV doubled the likelihood of the woman reporting negative PMS effects including headaches, cramps and sadness towards the end of their cycle, and generally feeling highly sensitive throughout.
Study Population & Data Collection
This was a retrospective analysis of computerised records of women who visited Melbourne Sexual Health Centre between March 2011 and 31st December 2012. The MHSC is a large, public STI clinic in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. The clinic conducts about 35,000 consultations annually and provides free STI testing and treatment.
Upon presentation to the MSHC, all clients are required to fill in a self-administered computer-based questionnaire, which collects information regarding client demographics, the reason for presentation, sexual practices, use of contraception, prior history of STIs, Pap smear and pregnancy history and history of recreational drug use and sex work. The triage nurse records the presence or absence of genital symptoms when the client first arrives at the clinic and before consultation with a clinician. The computerised record during triage does not specify the type of symptoms identified at triage. When seen by a clinician, women are asked to estimate the date of their LNMP the first day of menstruation in their last normal menstrual cycle this is not client-entered data. Recording date of LNMP has been routine at MSHC since 2011. Clients returning within three months of their initial visit do not have this data entered.
Recommended Reading: Signs And Symptoms Of Chlamydia In Females
Treatment And Medication Options For Chlamydia
A course of antibiotics is the treatment for chlamydia. Your doctor will decide which drug to prescribe, and at what dose, according to your individual medical needs and other aspects of your situation.
Its important to abstain from having sex until seven days after the start of your antibiotic treatment, to prevent the transmission of chlamydia to a sexual partner. If you have a partner who is being treated for chlamydia, the same recommendation applies to them.
If you have symptoms that persist for more than a few days after you start your treatment, see your doctor again to be reevaluated.
Because the symptoms of chlamydia are similar to those of gonorrhea, you should be treated for both infections if you test positive for chlamydia. Thats because its often faster and cheaper to just treat both infections than to order another test for gonorrhea after a positive test result for chlamydia.
After completing your antibiotic treatment for chlamydia, youll need to get tested again after three to four months or earlier, if recommended to check for reinfection.
While antibiotics can cure chlamydia, they cant reverse any permanent damage caused by the infection.
In Men Untreated Chlamydia Can Lead To:
- Epididymitis painful inflammation of the inner structures of the testicles, which may cause reduced fertility or sterility. A rare complication of Epididymitisis reactive arthritis, which causes pain in the inflamed joints that can be disabling
- Occasionally, Reiters syndrome
- Urethritis inflammation of the urethra with a yellow discharge appearing at the tip of the penis. Untreated urethritis results in narrowing of the urethra which leads to painful urinating and can cause kidney problems
Don’t Miss: Does Chlamydia Make You Poop A Lot
Your Weight Has Been Fluctuating
According to UC Riverside Health, both the ovaries and fat cells throughout the body produce estrogen. This means a sudden increase or decrease in weight can alter your period.
A 2012 study published in the Endocrinology and Metabolism Journal also found that irregular periods are more prevalent in individuals who suddenly gain or lose weight.
Obgyn Myth #: You Should Be Getting A Pap Smear Every Year
While all individuals with a cervix should start getting pap smears at the age of 21, per the American Cancer Societys recommendation, the frequency of which you will need to get them varies from person to person. How often you get a pap smear can vary depending on your medical history, health concerns, age, and lifestyle.
As a baseline, it is recommended that individuals get a pap smear every three years if theyre between the ages of 21 and 29. Those 30 and above can consider getting a pap smear and HPV test every five years if theyve had normal pap smears in the past.
Of course, you should consult with your healthcare provider and follow their personalized recommendations as to how often you should get one.
Read Also: How Fast Can I Get Chlamydia Results
What Complications Can Result From Chlamydial Infection
The initial damage that chlamydia causes often goes unnoticed. However, chlamydial infections can lead to serious health problems with both short- and long-term consequences.
In women, untreated chlamydia can spread into the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease . Symptomatic PID occurs in about 10 to 15 percent of women with untreated chlamydia.30,31 However, chlamydia can also cause subclinical inflammation of the upper genital tract . Both acute and subclinical PID can cause permanent damage to the fallopian tubes, uterus, and surrounding tissues. The damage can lead to chronic pelvic pain, tubal factor infertility, and potentially fatal ectopic pregnancy.32,33
Some patients with chlamydial PID develop perihepatitis, or Fitz-Hugh-Curtis Syndrome, an inflammation of the liver capsule and surrounding peritoneum, which is associated with right upper quadrant pain.
In pregnant women, untreated chlamydia has been associated with pre-term delivery,34 as well as ophthalmia neonatorum and pneumonia in the newborn.
Reactive arthritis can occur in men and women following symptomatic or asymptomatic chlamydial infection, sometimes as part of a triad of symptoms formerly referred to as Reiters Syndrome.35
Your Chlamydia Was Poorly Treated Or Left Untreated
Its possible to have chlamydia infection with no symptoms of the disease. In some women and men, it could take weeks for chlamydia signs to appear. If you just started having symptoms, purchase chlamydia kit to know if its chlamydia or not.
Poorly treated chlamydia, either due to wrong antibiotics or not completing your doctors prescribed medications, may cause chlamydia to persist with resistance.
If you have chlamydia symptoms months after treatment, it is advisable to let your doctor know ASAP.
Read Also: Tell Tale Signs Of Chlamydia
How Is Chlamydia Diagnosed
There are a number of diagnostic tests for chlamydia, including nucleic acid amplification tests , cell culture, and others. NAATs are the most sensitive tests, and can be performed on easily obtainable specimens such as vaginal swabs or urine.43
Vaginal swabs, either patient- or clinician-collected, are the optimal specimen to screen for genital chlamydia using NAATs in women urine is the specimen of choice for men, and is an effective alternative specimen type for women.43 Self-collected vaginal swab specimens perform at least as well as other approved specimens using NAATs.44 In addition, patients may prefer self-collected vaginal swabs or urine-based screening to the more invasive endocervical or urethral swab specimens.45 Adolescent girls may be particularly good candidates for self-collected vaginal swab- or urine-based screening because pelvic exams are not indicated if they are asymptomatic.
NAATs have demonstrated improved sensitivity and specificity compared with culture for the detection of C. trachomatis at rectal and oropharyngeal sites.40 Certain NAAT test platforms have been cleared by FDA for these non-genital sites and data indicate NAAT performance on self-collected rectal swabs is comparable to clinician-collected rectal swabs. 40
Hpv And Cervical Cancer
Intermenstrual bleeding can be a sign of more serious problems, such as cervical or endometrial cancer, and for this reason I would advise that if you are having intermenstrual bleeding, or any other new or worrying symptoms, see your doctor even if its only for a bit of reassurance.
Cervical cancer is very often caused by the human papilloma virus infection, which is a sexually transmitted virus. There are around 100 different types of the virus, some of which can cause genital warts, some of which can cause cervical cancer, and some of which dont do much at all. Lots of people, both men and women, have HPV at some point in their life and often the body gets rid of the virus, just like it fights off the common cold.
Having a high-risk strain of HPV for a period of time can increase the risk of the cells in the cervix becoming cancerous. The virus itself cant be treated, but its effects can genital warts can be treated in a number of ways, and pre-cancerous changes in the cervix can be picked up by a smear test and treated before they become cancer. Like all tests, its not fool-proof, and intermenstrual bleeding should still prompt a visit to the doctor, even if you have had regular, normal smear tests. 4
You May Like: How Do They Treat Chlamydia
What Happens If Chlamydia Goes Untreated
A sexually transmitted infection of chlamydia can cause an infection of the cervix, urethra, and fallopian tubes in people with female reproductive organs .
As time progresses and an untreated chlamydia infection continues to spread, serious and long-term consequences like pelvic inflammatory disease , ectopic pregnancy, infertility, or chronic pelvic pain may develop in individuals with female reproductive organs. Chlamydia bacteria travel up the reproductive tract from the vagina through the cervix to the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes, causing inflammation and infection. Once inside, the bacteria damage the ovaries and fallopian tubes, and can cause scarring . This can have long-term effects including infertility, as scar tissue can block the fallopian tubes, preventing sperm from fertilizing an egg. Ectopic pregnancies are also more common, as a fertilized egg may get stuck in the damaged fallopian tubeâthis can be life threatening.
Chronic pelvic pain is also a possible long-term consequence of untreated chlamydia infections and is a symptom of PID .
In people with male reproductive organs, chlamydia can cause an infection of the urethra and epididymis, the tube that collects and stores sperm from the testicles .
Reach Out To Willow Womens Center
If you have missed your period, Willow Womens Center can help. We care about your health and are committed to providing quality medical services at no cost. We understand that the thought of pregnancy or STI testing can be scary, but you can rest assured that we will compassionately guide you each step of the way. Get the answers you deserve by making a confidential appointment today.
Read Also: How Fast Can Symptoms Of Chlamydia Show
So How Does Chlamydia Affect The Menstrual Cycle
Since chlamydia infects the reproductive organs of the body, the disease can have adverse effects on a womans reproductive processes. Chlamydia normally wont cause a direct effect on your period, such as delayed and missed periods, but it can cause other health issues that can cause irregularities in the menstrual cycle.
Untreated chlamydia can result in a blockage of the fallopian tubes. This can cause infertility and increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy. Its possible that your period might be heavier as a result of the infection as well, and the possible stress and anxiety surrounding the disease may also result in a delayed period cycle.
Women who have chlamydia and have not been diagnosed are at risk of seriously damaging the fallopian tubes and ovaries, which play a significant role in the reproductive processes of the body and fertility.
The infection can cause damage to the fallopian tube cilia, which help maneuver the egg from the ovaries to the womb. The blockage of fallopian tubes can lead to permanent infertility. Women can also suffer from scarring as a result of the infection, which further increases the risk for ectopic pregnancies that can be extremely dangerous for the mother and baby.
Pelvic inflammatory disease can also lead to pregnancy difficulties and infertility, as well as an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy and chronic pelvic pain.