How Can I Protect Myself From Chlamydia
Its not always possible to know if a current or potential partner has chlamydia, though, especially since many people with chlamydia never notice symptoms. With prevention in mind, its a good idea to make safer sex practices a regular part of your sex life:
- Dont share sex toys, but if you do, wash them after each use and cover toys used for penetration with a condom.
- Have sex with only one partner, who only has sex with you.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Chlamydia
Most commonly, people who have chlamydia dont show any signs or symptoms. Thats why its so important for anyone who is sexually active to get tested for common STIs annually or when they have a new partner. If left untreated, chlamydia can permanently damage a womans reproductive health and lead to infertility.
When symptoms do present, they may not be noticeable until a few weeks after exposure.
For women and people with vaginas, symptoms are similar to those of a yeast infection or UTI and include:
- Changes in discharge
- Burning sensation when peeing
Similarly, chlamydia symptoms in men and those with penises, can easily be confused with other conditions and include:
- Burning or itching
- Pain and swelling in one or both testicles
If you experience these symptoms, get tested. Keep in mind though, that most people who have chlamydia dont experience any symptoms. Thats why its so important to get tested regularly.
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Bacterial Cystitis: When To See A Doctor
Bacterial cystitis is one of the commonest urinary tract infections in the UK about 50% of women will experience it at some point in their life. Suspected UTIs are responsible for 3% of all GP consultations in England, which could be as many as 10.2 million GP consultations each year in the UK.
For women who have previously experienced cystitis, recognise the symptoms and know how to control it, is there a need to see a doctor at all? What should you do if cystitis sachets arent working? Should cystitis antibiotics be made available over-the-counter without a prescription? And are there any circumstances in which you should definitely see a GP?
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What Are The Symptoms Of Chlamydia
If you do notice symptoms, youll likely experience them differently based on your reproductive anatomy. Many of the symptoms that cisgender women experience can also affect transgender men and nonbinary individuals with vaginas. Many of the symptoms that cisgender men notice can affect transgender women and nonbinary individuals with penises, too.
Chlamydia bacteria often cause symptoms that are similar to cervicitis or a urinary tract infection . You may notice:
- Pus in your urine .
- Increased need to pee.
- Dull pain in the lower part of your abdomen.
Chlamydia bacteria most often infect your urethra, causing symptoms that are similar to nongonococcal urethritis. You may notice:
- Pain or a burning sensation when you pee .
Signs of chlamydia that all genders may notice
Chlamydia can affect parts of your body other than your reproductive organs, such as your:
- You may notice pain, discomfort, bleeding or a mucus-like discharge from your bottom.
- Throat. You may have a sore throat, but you usually wont notice symptoms if the bacterias in your throat.
- Eyes. You may notice symptoms of conjunctivitis if C. trachomatis bacteria gets in your eye. Symptoms include redness, pain and discharge.
See your healthcare provider immediately if you notice any of these symptoms.
Is Treatment Necessary For Chlamydia
It is conceivable that Chlamydia can go away without treatment in any case it is more probable that these contaminations will remain in the body until treated with the correct anti-toxin. Since you once get stuck by the disease, it is pretty hard to get things completely out of it. Chlamydia can be effortlessly treated and cured with anti-toxins. The main part that should be focused on is the diagnostic part of this disease, which means that if it is diagnosed properly, then the rectification part can be done and it can be treated and cured easily as it does not undergo too much complex procedures of treatment.
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Common Questions About Trimethoprim
Trimethoprim kills bacteria by stopping them making a substance called folic acid, which they need to survive.
This is why trimethoprim can sometimes cause low folic acid levels in your blood over time.
You should feel better within a few days.
It’s important that you keep taking trimethoprim until your course is finished.
Do this even if you feel better. It will help stop the infection coming back.
Tell your doctor if you do not start feeling better after taking trimethoprim for 3 days, or if you start to feel worse at any time.
Some people get a fungal infection called thrush after taking a course of antibiotics like trimethoprim.
It happens because antibiotics kill the normal harmless bacteria that help to protect you against thrush.
Ask your pharmacist or doctor for advice if this happens to you.
Yes. Trimethoprim should not affect you being able to drive or cycle.
There’s no evidence to suggest that taking trimethoprim reduces fertility in either men or women.
But if you’re trying to get pregnant and you are taking trimethoprim every day, talk to your doctor, as this medicine is not usually recommended in early pregnancy. They may recommend changing to another antibiotic, or they may also prescribe high dose folic acid .
Trimethoprim does not stop any type of contraception from working, including the combined pill and emergency contraception.
Read more about what to do if you’re on the pill and you’re being sick or have diarrhoea.
Why Early Detection Is Necessary
When symptoms reach a stage that patients end up in the emergency room, those with undiagnosed STIs are often misdiagnosed. In fact, studies show that almost two thirds of them are diagnosed with and treated for a UTI. This will not clear up chlamydia, since its a short course of antibiotics that are typically used.
- Pain and inflammation in the sexual organs, as well as in the prostate in men
- Damage to the tear ducts and the cornea
- Infertility in both men and women
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How Can I Prevent Utis
Here are some ways you can prevent UTIs:
- Drink lots of water
- Wee before, and right after having sex
- Wipe from your front backwards to your bottom when going to the toilet.
- Dont use feminine hygiene products such as sprays, deodorants or douches in the genital area
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A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is an infection in your urinary system, including the
bladder the organ that collects and stores urine
urethra the tube that carries urine from your bladder out of your body
There are two kinds of UTIs: cystitis and urethritis. Cystitis is an infection of the bladder. Urethritis is an infection of the urethra. If left untreated, either of these can spread and cause a kidney infection. So even though UTIs are really common, youve got to take them seriously.
What causes UTIs?
Although UTIs arent spread from one person to another like STDs, having sex can lead to or worsen UTIs. But you dont have to have sex to get a UTI. Anything that brings bacteria in contact with your urethra can cause a UTI.
Is there treatment for UTIs?
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What Is A Chlamydia Infection
Chlamydia genital infection is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. In fact, C. trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in the world. Interestingly, about 70% of genital infections are associated with few or no symptoms at all.
Chlamydial infections in women are more likely to remain asymptomatic than in men . However, women are more likely to develop long-term complications.
Differences Between Chlamydia Vs Uti
- Unusual penile and vaginal discharge
- Genital blisters and rashes
- Painful intercourse
- Chlamydia CDC Fact Sheet .
- Ana L. Flores-Mireles, et al. . Urinary tract infections: epidemiology, mechanismsof infection and treatment options
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Urinary Infections In Children
A urinary infection in a child needs to be investigated as it may indicate a more serious condition.
The most common urinary system condition is urinary reflux. With this condition, the bladder valve isnt working properly and allows urine to flow back to the kidneys, increasing the risk of a kidney infection.
Urinary reflux and the associated infections can scar or permanently damage the kidney, and can also lead to:
- high blood pressure
- toxaemia in pregnancy
- kidney failure.
Urinary reflux tends to run in families, so its important to screen children as early as possible if a close relative is known to have the problem.
Urinary Tract Infections In Women
UTIs are common, particularly with increasing age. Women are more likely to get a UTI than men. Nearly 1 in 3 women will have a UTI needing treatment before the age of 24.
In women, the urethra is short and straight, making it easier for germs to travel into the bladder. For some women, UTIs relate to changes in their hormonal levels. Some are more likely to get an infection during certain times in their menstrual cycle, such as just before a period or during pregnancy.
In older women, the tissues of the urethra and bladder become thinner and drier with age as well as after menopause or a hysterectomy. This can be linked to increased UTIs.
During pregnancy, the drainage system from the kidney to the bladder widens so urine does not drain as quickly. This makes it easier to get a UTI. Sometimes germs can move from the bladder to the kidney causing a kidney infection. UTIs during pregnancy can result in increased blood pressure, so it is very important to have them treated as soon as possible.
Women are more at risk of repeated UTIs if they:
- use spermicide jelly or diaphragm for contraception
- have had a new sexual partner in the last year
- had their first UTI at or before 15 years of age
- have a family history of repeated UTIs, particularly their mother
- suffer from constipation
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How To Take It
Azithromycin is taken one time orally and can be taken with or without food. Its important to take it as directed by your doctor.
It takes approximately 1 week for azithromycin to cure chlamydia. Avoid having sex while under treatment, as its still possible to pass or worsen the infection during treatment.
Uti Vs Chlamydia: How To Tell The Difference
Urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia often share some symptoms. For example, both may cause pain when urinating. This can make it difficult to know whether you have a UTI or if you could have chlamydia or another STI.
The only way to know for sure is usually to see a doctor, but its also important to be educated about how to recognize the symptoms of each and the differences between them.
There might be some clues that you are experiencing one or the other, even if youre not certain until you see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
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How Is Chlamydia Diagnosed
The most common test for chlamydia is called a nucleic acid amplification test . Your provider takes a sample of fluid by doing a vaginal/cervical swab or collecting a urine sample. Then, they send the sample off to a lab to check for the bacteria that causes chlamydia. Your provider may do the test in an office, or they may ask you to do an at-home chlamydia test. Follow your providers instructions carefully to ensure you get accurate test results.
Because most chlamydia cases are asymptomatic, its important to get screened for chlamydia even if you dont notice any signs of infection. The CDC recommends that sexually active cisgender women who are high-risk for chlamydia get screened regularly. Women, more so than men, experience the most severe complications from chlamydia. Transgender men and nonbinary individuals with vaginas should be screened regularly, too, as they can experience the same complications of chlamydia.
Youre considered high-risk if you:
- Have had chlamydia infections previously.
Cisgender men, or trans and nonbinary individuals with penises, should be screened for chlamydia if:
- They live in a setting where chlamydia spreads frequently, like correctional facilities, adolescent clinics and sexual health clinics.
- They have sex with other men.
Differences Between Uti And Chlamydia
1. CauseThe causes of urinary tract infections and chlamydia are very different. They are both caused by bacteria but different bacteria. Urinary tract infections are most commonly caused by E. Coli. Chlamydia is caused by the bacteria chlamydia trachomatis. Another key difference is how these infections are contracted. Urinary tract infections happen with improper wiping or lowered immune systems. Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that is caught through unprotected sex.
2. Whos At RiskWomen have a much higher risk of developing a urinary tract infection than men, this is due to the short length of the urethra. Chlamydia does not discriminate and affects men and women the same.
3. ContagiousUrinary tract infections are not contagious and can not be spread through sexual contact. Chlamydia is highly contagious and can be spread and caught very easily through unprotected sex.
4. SymptomsThe symptoms of these two medical conditions are very different. Urinary tract infections produce very evident and uncomfortable symptoms. Chlamydia often produces no symptoms, making it very hard to get treatment.
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What Is A Uti
A urinary tract infection, or UTI, refers to a bacterial infection in any part of your urinary system, including the urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys. Most UTIs affect the lower urinary tract, comprising the urethra and bladder. UTIs can become more severe as they reach the kidneys.
Symptoms of a urinary tract infection include:
- A frequent, persistent urge to urinate
- Burning sensation or pain when urinating
- Frequently passing small amounts of urine
- Urine appearing cloudy, red, bright pink, or cola-colored
- Urine that has a strong smell
Give Your Body The Best Fighting Chance
- Drink lots of water to help flush the bacteria in your bladder out, and make sure you empty your bladder completely. Although this doesnt sound ideal when cystitis makes it painful to urinate, its one of the best natural defences against early infection.
- Avoid washing your genital area with perfumed soaps which can irritate your urethra. Similarly, avoid using harsh detergents or perfumed tampons which have the same effect. Only touch the area with clean hands and rinse thoroughly to remove all traces of soap. Opt for a shower over a bath, which can prolong exposure to irritating chemicals.
- Avoid having sex until your cystitis has passed, as this may aggravate the infection further. Cystitis often develops as a result of bruising or damage to the urethral area.
- Avoid wearing synthetic underwear or tight clothes for similar reasons cotton underpants and loose trousers are a good solution.
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So How Can You Tell If Youre Suffering Due To A Uti Or An Sti
Its difficult to differentiate a UTI from an STI based on symptoms alone, since both infections cause burning during urination, pelvic pain, and a frequent, sudden urge to urinate. However, if you are sexually active and are also experiencing vaginal symptoms such as discharge, bleeding and/or irregular periods, it may suggest an STI. Make sure to talk to your doctor about your specific symptoms and risk factors for these types of infections.
The only way to determine exactly what kind of infection you are dealing with is to head to the doctor for testing.
What To Do If You Think You Have A Uti:
- If your symptoms are mild and you donât have a fever, keep well hydrated. Aim for 2â3 liters of water a day, but no need to overdo it.
- If your symptoms persist after 24 hours or you experience fever, chills, or nausea, see your doctor.
- Try not to hold in your pee, even if it hurts.
- Itâs common for people with vaginas to get UTIs now and then, as their urethras are shorter.ref4 But if they occur very frequently or become severe, you should see your doctor.
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Will Any Antibiotic Get Rid Of Chlamydia
If you are diagnosed with chlamydia, your doctor will prescribe oral antibiotics. A single dose of azithromycin or taking doxycycline twice daily for 7 to 14 days are the most common treatments and are the same for those with or without HIV. With treatment, the infection should clear up in about a week.
Urethritis Due To Gonorrhea Or Chlamydia
Gonococcal urethritis . This is an infection caused by gonorrhea.
Nongonococcal urethritis . This is an infection that is often caused by chlamydia. Other infections can also be the cause.
Men are more likely to have symptoms, but may not. Symptoms can start within 1 week after exposure to an infection. But they can take a month or more to appear. Or they may not even occur. Some symptoms are:
Burning or pain when urinating
Pain and possible swelling in one or both testicles
Infections in the urethra are often caused by a sexually transmitted infection . The most common STIs are gonorrhea, chlamydia, or both.
Gonococcal urethritis is an infection of the urethra. Its caused by gonorrhea. Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection . Gonorrhea can also be in other areas of the body. This can cause:
Rectal pain and discharge
Without treatment, the infection can get worse and spread to other parts of your body. The infection can cause rashes, arthritis, and infections in your joints, heart, and brain.
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