When Should You Call Your Doctor
- Have sores, bumps, rashes, blisters, or warts on or around the genital or anal area or on any area of the body where you think they could be caused by a sexually transmitted infection .
- Think you have been exposed to a STI.
Do not have sexual intercourse or other sexual contact until you have been treated by a doctor. If you are diagnosed with syphilis, your sex partner will need to be treated also.
In most areas, public health clinics or health departments are able to diagnose and provide low-cost assessment and treatment of early syphilis and other STIs.
Can You Get Pregnant If You Have Chlamydia
Sexual health plays an important role in fertility. Many STDs can cause scarring and inflammation, making it more difficult to conceive, even after the infection has been treated.
In the case of chlamydia, the infection can damage your reproductive health, if left untreated. The bacteria can cause PID which can do permanent damage to your reproductive system. PID can lead to inflammation, scarring, and blockage in your reproductive organs. In some cases, it can also cause ectopic pregnancy which can be deadly if the pregnancy isnt removed in time.
I Was Treated For Chlamydia When Can I Have Sex Again
You should not have sex again until you and your sex partner have completed treatment. If your doctor prescribes a single dose of medication, you should wait seven days after taking the medicine before having sex. If your doctor prescribes a medicine for you to take for seven days, you should wait until you have taken all of the doses before having sex.
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What Are The Possible Complications Of Chlamydia
- If left untreated, the infection may seriously affect the womb and Fallopian tubes – this is called pelvic inflammatory disease . 10-40 women in 100 with chlamydia develop PID. This may develop suddenly and cause a high temperature and pain. It can also develop slowly over months or years without causing symptoms . However, over time, scarring or damage to the Fallopian tubes may occur and can cause:
- Persistent pelvic pain.
- Difficulty becoming pregnant .
- An increased risk of ectopic pregnancy if you become pregnant. In this condition, the pregnancy develops in a Fallopian tube and can cause serious life-threatening problems.
The risk of complications is much reduced if chlamydial infection is treated early.
How Do You Test For Hepatitis A
If youve been in contact with someone who has had hepatitis A, are at risk of getting hepatitis A, or if you start to have symptoms its a good idea to talk to a healthcare professional. A simple blood test will show whether you have the virus.
If you test positive, they may also do another type of blood test to check if your liver is working properly. You should also be tested for other STIs.
Its important that you tell people you live with or have close contact with, and your recent sexual partner/s so they can also get tested. Many people who have hepatitis A dont notice anything wrong, and by telling those youre in close contact with you can help to stop the virus being passed on.
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The Relationship Between Alcohol And Stds
Many studies and clinics have confirmed there can be a correlation between alcohol and STDs, or sexually-transmitted diseases. As the name suggests, STDs are infectious diseases that can be transmitted through sexual contact. STDs are also commonly referred to as STIs, or sexually-transmitted infections.
Alcohol strongly influences men and women to engage in risky activities while under the influence. Alcohol lulls the drinker into a state of higher confidence and lower inhibition, leading them to make riskier choices. For instance, there is a correlation between unprotected sex, with both strangers and familiar partners, and drinking excessive amounts of alcohol.
Examples of common STDs include:
- Human Papillomavirus
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
What Is Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is part of a group of hepatitis viruses that attacks the liver.
Hepatitis A is found in human faeces and is commonly passed on by eating or drinking contaminated food and water. Its more common in places with poor sanitation and hygiene conditions and a lack of clean water. However, it can also be passed on through unprotected sex and via sharing needles.
Hepatitis A is not usually serious and clears up on its own after 10 to 14 days. However, hepatitis A has many of the same symptoms as more serious types of hepatitis infections such as hepatitis B or C so its important to get tested.
A vaccine for hepatitis A is available for people living in or visiting countries where it is common, or for groups at a greater risk of getting the virus, such as men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, and people who have lots of sexual partners.
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Can You Catch Other Diseases From Kissing
While kissing wont give you chlamydia, you could catch other diseases from kissing infected people. These include:
- The common cold.
- The Epstein-Barr virus, which causes mononucleosis.
- Strep throat.
- Herpes simplex virus, which causes cold sores.
- Hepatitis B.
- Tooth decay.
Some of these conditions are transmitted through saliva while others will only be transmitted if you kiss someone with open cuts in or around their mouth.
Nhs Says Kissing Isn’t A Risk
The NHS website says gonorrhoea is easily passed between people through unprotected sex and sharing sex toys.
It warns the bacteria are mainly found in discharge from the penis and in vaginal fluid and adds: Gonorrhoea is not spread by kissing.
It also says the infection cannot be spread through hugging, swimming pools, toilet seats, or sharing baths, towels, cups, plates or cutlery.
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More About Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
For women, one of the most serious complications from untreated chlamydia is pelvic inflammatory disease .
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, between 1020% of women with untreated chlamydia and gonorrhea infections may develop PID. And 1 in 8 women with a history of PID experience difficulties getting pregnant. PID can also cause ectopic pregnancy and chronic pelvic pain.
Like chlamydia, it is possible for a woman to have PID and not have any symptoms, or have symptoms too mild to notice, for an unknown period of time. If symptoms do occur, they could include:
- Dull pain or tenderness in the lower abdomen
- Burning or pain when you urinate
- Nausea and vomiting
- Increased or changed vaginal discharge
- Pain during sex
How Do I Test For Chlamydia
You can get tested for chlamydia even if you dont have any symptoms.
Getting tested for chlamydia is easy and doesnt hurt. A healthcare professional will ask for a urine sample and/or take a swab from the area that might be infected. This is usually the lower part of the womb or the vagina for women, and the tip of the penis for men. If youve had anal or oral sex, you may have a swab taken from your anus or throat.
In some countries you can get a self-testing kit to do at home.
If you test positive for chlamydia, its important to tell any recent sexual partner/s so they can also get tested, and treated if necessary. If you need advice about how to do this, speak to your healthcare professional. You should also test for other STIs.
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How Can You Prevent Gonorrhoea
Gonorrhoea can be passed on by sharing sex toys. Always cover sex toys with a new condom and wash them after use to reduce your risk of getting gonorrhoea and other STIs.
Having regular STI tests is one of the best ways to look after your sexual health. If you are having sex with multiple partners, its even more important to use condoms and get tested regularly.
The contraceptive pill and other forms of contraception wont protect you from gonorrhoea, neither will PrEP.
Tips For Safe Kissing
Follow these tips to practice safe kissing and prevent transmission of other conditions:
- Avoid kissing someone if either of you has open sores.
- Avoid kissing someone if either of you has cuts in or around the mouth.
- Avoid kissing someone when youre sick or if theyre sick.
- Dont bite during kissing.
- Find other parts of the body to kiss instead of the lips, such as the cheek or hand.
Kissing doesnt have to be off-limits to prevent the transmission of disease. If you temporarily avoid kissing or change the way you kiss during a bout of illness, you could lower your chances for getting the condition.
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Can You Get Chlamydia From Kissing
14 September 2020
Although chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted infection and it can be passed on easily through sexual exposure, you cant get chlamydia from kissing. This includes a simple kiss on the lips or french kissing involving the tongue, even if the other person has chlamydia. You also cant get chlamydia from sharing anything that someone has touched with their mouth, lips or tongue such as food or drinking glasses.
You can however catch chlamydia through oral sex, which could include kissing both male and female genitals. In these instances you should always use a condom unless you know for certain through STD testing that the other person does not have chlamydia.
What Can Happen If Chlamydia Is Not Treated
Untreated chlamydia can cause serious health problems in women, including:
- , an infection of a woman’s reproductive organs. PID can lead to chronic pelvic pain, pregnancy problems, and infertility . Untreated chlamydia is a common cause of PID. It affects about 10% to 15% of women with untreated chlamydia.
- Increased risk of getting HIV from sexual activity
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Chlamydia Symptoms & Treatment
- Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that is normally passed on through sex without a condom or sharing sex toys with someone who has the infection.
- Using male or female condoms and dental dams during sex will help to protect you from getting chlamydia.
- Chlamydia is often symptomless however if left untreated it can lead to long-term health problems.
- Chlamydia is easily treated with antibiotics.
- Chlamydia can be passed on from mother to child during pregnancy, so its important for pregnant women to get tested.
How Can I Prevent Getting Chlamydia
Anyone who is sexually active can catch chlamydia. You’re most at risk if you have a new sexual partner or don’t use a barrier method of contraception, such as a condom, when having sex. You can help to prevent the spread of chlamydia by:
- using a condom every time you have vaginal or anal sex
- using a condom to cover the penis during oral sex
- using a dam to cover the female genitals during oral sex or when rubbing female genitals together
- not sharing sex toys. If you do share sex toys, wash them or cover them with a new condom between each person who uses them.
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Binge Drinking And Stds
Gonorrhea is five times higher among women who binge drink when compared with women who do not drink at all.
Binge drinking is defined as consuming 4 or more drinks in 2 hours consumed for women or 5 or more drinks consumed for men within 2 hours. Binge drinking does not affect the rate at which the body processes alcohol. However, considering it takes one hour to process one standard drink, it will take longer for the body to process all of the drinks consumed due to the overabundance. Binge drinking forces the body to get more intoxicated and stay intoxicated longer, creating an even greater chance to engage in risky sexual activity and be exposed to STDs.
Binge drinking males are almost four times as likely to contract an STD in the last year than non-drinkers. Binge drinking is very commonly involved in alcohol-related sexual assault, and alcohol-related sexual assaults are often regarded as more severe than assaults that do not involve alcohol.
How To Help Partners Get Treatment
If you are not sure whether your sexual partner will seek treatment, ask your doctor for extra chlamydia medication . You can give it to them so they can be treated as soon as possible.
This is known as patient delivered partner therapy for chlamydia. Talk to your doctor to see if PDPT is right for you and your sexual partner.
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How Chlamydia Is Treated
Chlamydia can usually be treated easily with antibiotics.
If you have doxycycline, you should not have sex until you and your current sexual partner have finished treatment.
If you have azithromycin, you should wait 7 days after treatment before having sex .
It’s important that your current sexual partner and any other recent sexual partners you have had are also tested and treated to help stop the spread of the infection.
Under-25s who have chlamydia should be offered another test 3 to 6 months after being treated.
This is because young adults who test positive for chlamydia are at increased risk of catching it again.
Sexual health or genitourinary medicine clinics can help you contact your sexual partners.
Either you or the clinic can speak to them, or they can be sent a note advising them to get tested.
The note will not have your name on it, so your confidentiality will be protected.
Can You Get Chlamydia In Your Throat
Its possible, but not likely, that you could get chlamydia in your throat. To understand how or why it could happen, its important to consider how chlamydia is transmitted.
A person can get chlamydia when their mucus membranes, such as those of the vagina, penis, or rectum, come in contact with chlamydia bacteria. These bacteria enter the mucus membranes and multiply.
Chlamydia doesnt always cause symptoms. However, if not treated, the infection can result in damage that cant be reversed.
The most common way chlamydia is spread is through unprotected anal or vaginal sex. The bacteria typically infect and cause symptoms in the location they first entered the body.
Its possible that chlamydia can be transmitted to your throat if you give oral sex to a partner who has contracted a genital chlamydia infection.
Additionally, getting oral sex from someone who has contracted a chlamydia infection of the throat can potentially transmit the bacteria to your genitals.
You cant get chlamydia mouth-to-mouth kissing.
For a reason doctors dont fully understand, chlamydia bacteria more easily infect the groin area, such as the vagina, penis, or rectum, than the mouth.
- mouth sores that dont heal
- sores around lips and mouth
However, you can contract the infection in both the throat and genital area. In addition to a sore throat, you may have chlamydia symptoms in your genitals.
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Can Alcohol Decrease Your Bodys Resistance To Stds
Alcohol impairs the anti-viral immune response, especially in the liver, including response against Hepatitis C and HIV.
Alcohol can weaken your immune system, making it easier to catch a cold, flu, or an STD. Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol can take a toll on your body, and if you contract a disease, it can be harder to fight it off.
What Should I Do If I Have Chlamydia
Chlamydia is easy to treat. But you need to be tested and treated as soon as possible.
If you have chlamydia:
- See a doctor or nurse as soon as possible. Antibiotics will treat chlamydia, but they will not fix any permanent damage to your reproductive organs.
- Take all of your medicine. Even if symptoms go away, you need to finish all of the antibiotics.
- Tell your sex partner so they can be tested and treated. If they are not tested and treated you could get chlamydia again.
- Avoid sexual contact until you and your partner have been treated and cured. Even after you finish your antibiotics, you can get chlamydia again if you have sex with someone who has chlamydia.
- See your doctor or nurse again if you have symptoms that don’t go away within a few days after finishing the antibiotics.
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How Do You Get Gonorrhoea
You can also get gonorrhoea through close genital contact. This means you can get gonorrhoea from someone if your genitals touch, even if you dont have sex or ejaculate .
Its also possible to have a gonorrhoea infection in your eye, if it comes into contact with semen or vaginal fluids from someone with the infection but this is rare.
Pregnant women can pass the infection onto their babies at birth. If youre pregnant and think you may have gonorrhoea, its important to get tested as soon as possible so you can be treated before the baby is born.
Gonorrhoea cant be passed on through kissing, hugging, sharing towels or using the same toilet as someone with the infection.