How Can I Reduce My Risk For Chlamydia
As with other sexually transmitted infections , there are things you can do to reduce or eliminate the risk of chlamydia. These include the following:
- Abstinence is a sure way to avoid infection.
- Mutual monogamy is another way to avoid infection.
- Using latex condoms consistently and correctly for vaginal and anal sex can reduce risk of transmission.
- Water-based spermicides are not recommended for the prevention of chlamydia. Recent studies have shown that nonoxynol-9 , which is found in most water-based spermicides, is not effective in preventing chlamydia.
Since chlamydia can be transmitted even if the penis or tongue does not completely enter the vagina, mouth or rectum, using latex condoms at the beginning of sexual contact until there is no longer skin contact is the best form of prevention.
Several barrier methods can be used to reduce the risk of transmission of chlamydia during oral sex. A non-lubricated condom can be used for mouth-to-penis contact. Household plastic wrap, a dental dam, or a latex condom cut-up and opened flat can reduce the risk of transmission during mouth-to-vulva/vagina or oral-anal contact.
It is important that you talk to your partner as soon as possible so she or he can get treatment. Telling a partner can be hard, but keep in mind that most people with chlamydia do not know they have it. Also, it is possible to pass chlamydia back and forth, so if you get treated and your partner does not, you may become infected again.
Can Chlamydia Go Away And Come Back
If youve had unprotected intercourse, its likely you may not have chlamydia if your partner is not infected. If treated chlamydia can go away and not come back if you abstain or ensure protected sex.
However, dont assume chlamydia will go away without taking medications. You may not have symptoms immediately and may still have chlamydia long-term problems.
How To Avoid Catching Chlamydia In The Future
The easiest way to prevent the spread of chlamydia during sexual intercourse is by wearing a condom when having sex with a new sexual partner. You should always wear a condom during sex until both people in a relationship have had the opportunity to get tested. Remember, just like many other STIs, chlamydia shows no symptoms and its always wise to undergo a regular sexual health screen to know for sure that youre all clear.
You May Like: My Partner Has Chlamydia But I Don T
It Depends On How You Define Sex
Theres a massive misconception that STIs can only be transmitted through one type of sex: penis-in-vagina sex.
But an STI can actually be transmitted during any kind of sexual play that involves skin-to-skin contact or body fluid exchange with a person who has an STI.
This includes any kind of play that involves:
An STI test is only able to test for the STIs that are currently beyond their latency period. Meaning, theyve been in the body long enough for the body to create antibodies.
Sometimes known as the incubation period, the latency period is the amount of time between when a person has been exposed to an infection and when they can test positive for it.
Antibodies are what STI tests are looking for to determine if an STI is present. If antibodies are present, you test positive for the STI. If antibodies arent present, you test negative for the STI.
An STI test cant detect an infection that has not yet surpassed its latency period, nor any STI you were exposed to after the test.
And remember: Its possible to be exposed to an STI during any sexual activity.
How To Know If You Have Chlamydia
Chlamydia is incredibly difficult to diagnose due to its symptomless nature for 70% of women and 50% of men. The only certain way to know that you have chlamydia is to get tested. If you do have symptoms then you will still need to be tested to effectively diagnose that the symptoms are caused by chlamydia. If youre sexually active, you should get tested regularly whether you have symptoms or not.
Recommended Reading: How Do They Treat Chlamydia
Telling A New Partner About An Std
If you have an active STD, it’s normal to be nervous about telling someone new. Everyone raises the subject differently.
Here are some ideas for handling the conversation:
Imagine that your roles are reversed. What would you expect your partner to do and say if he or she were in your shoes? Be proud of your intentions. Your willingness to have this hard conversation shows that you care about the other person and your relationship. We’re more likely to trust and respect people who are honest enough to talk about tough topics like STDs.
It’s best to be direct. You could start by saying, “Before we have sex, I want us to talk about STDs and protection because I have an STD.” Say what type of STD you have and how you got it. You don’t have to share every detail of your past relationships, but showing that you’re open to talking and answering questions can help your partner feel more comfortable.
It’s best to be honest. It’s better for your partner to find out because you said something before getting an infection.
Let the conversation proceed naturally. Listen rather than doing all the talking. Prepare for your partner to be surprised. Each person reacts differently to the news. Some might get panic. Some might be full of questions. Others might just need to time to think.
How Is Chlamydia Diagnosed And Treated
If you have chlamydia symptoms or had intercourse with someone without protection, you should inform your doctor about testing or take a home chlamydia test.
Chlamydia can be detected at home. You should get a chlamydia test kit and use urine for your test.
However, if you have oral chlamydia symptoms, you may need to see your doctor for throat swab culture. The culture of chlamydia takes about 3 7 days.
If diagnosed with chlamydia, you can easily be treated and cured with azithromycin or doxycycline tablets.
During pregnancy, chlamydia infection can be treated safely with azithromycin.
Read Also: Can You Have Chlamydia Without Symptoms
What Can Happen If Chlamydia Is Not Treated
Chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease . PID is a serious infection of the reproductive organs. PID can cause:
- Tubal pregnancies, which can lead to death of the mother and unborn child.
- Inflammation surrounding the liver.
A mother also can pass the infection to her child during birth. Infection in newborns can lead to:
- Eye infections .
What Is A Chlamydia Carrier
Whenever we talk about a carrier in medical terms, we are effectively talking about someone who can infect others with an infectious condition. Anyone with chlamydia is carrying the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria in their body. This bacteria is easily passed on through unprotected sex whether the person has physical symptoms or not.
Also Check: Is It Hard To Get Rid Of Chlamydia
I Caught Chlamydia From My Current Partner Should I Be Worried
If your partner has told you that they have chlamydia, its important that you remain calm. Chlamydia is not always as a result of one person cheating. On many occasions the only thing someone is guilty of is not getting tested before you began your relationship. This is often the case in new relationships where one person didnt get tested before you began sleeping together.
Chlamydia can go months and often years without being diagnosed, so unless you receive regular tests, theres no way of pinpointing the exact point that youve been infected. If you test positive your GP or a public health worker will be able to offer you advice that will help your relationship following chlamydia.
Your Chlamydia Was Poorly Treated Or Left Untreated
Its possible to have chlamydia infection with no symptoms of the disease. In some women and men, it could take weeks for chlamydia signs to appear. If you just started having symptoms, purchase chlamydia kit to know if its chlamydia or not.
Poorly treated chlamydia, either due to wrong antibiotics or not completing your doctors prescribed medications, may cause chlamydia to persist with resistance.
If you have chlamydia symptoms months after treatment, it is advisable to let your doctor know ASAP.
Recommended Reading: What Antibiotics Are Good For Chlamydia
What Are The Three Types Of Stds
There are three main classifications of STDs, depending upon their cause. These are bacterial, viral and parasitic.
- Bacteria cause gonorrhea, chlamydia and syphilis.
- Viral STDs are caused by viruses, and include genital herpes, genital warts .
- Parasites cause parasitic STDs. These include trichomoniasis, scabies and pubic lice.
How Chlamydia Is Treated
Chlamydia can usually be treated easily with antibiotics.
If you have doxycycline, you should not have sex until you and your current sexual partner have finished treatment.
If you have azithromycin, you should wait 7 days after treatment before having sex .
It’s important that your current sexual partner and any other recent sexual partners you have had are also tested and treated to help stop the spread of the infection.
Under-25s who have chlamydia should be offered another test 3 to 6 months after being treated.
This is because young adults who test positive for chlamydia are at increased risk of catching it again.
Sexual health or genitourinary medicine clinics can help you contact your sexual partners.
Either you or the clinic can speak to them, or they can be sent a note advising them to get tested.
The note will not have your name on it, so your confidentiality will be protected.
Also Check: Where Can I Get Chlamydia Pills
What Are The Best Ways To Avoid Getting An Std
Follow these simple precautions to dramatically decrease your chances of getting infected:
- Be sure to practice safe sex and use a condom.
- Make sure that your partner has tested negative for any STDs.
- Be involved in a monogamous relationship.
In addition, we encourage you to be open and honest with your primary care provider about your sexual health so we can provide any information or treatment you may need.
What Should You Do If You Have An Std
Tell Your Partner
If you do have an STD, tell your partner. If you arent in a monogamous relationship, notify your other sexual partners who have been exposed so that they can be tested as well. We realize this is a difficult conversation to have, but its very important for your other partners to be able to protect themselves as well as any others they have had contact with. If you need tips on how to have this conversation, please speak to your doctor. Well be glad to help.
In addition, if you have certain sexually transmitted diseasessuch as gonorrhea and chlamydiaget tested again in three months because you can get reinfected. Your doctor will have more information on whether or not you need to get retested.
Follow Your Treatment Plan
Your doctor will outline a treatment plan tailored to the certain type of STD. Often, this will involve taking medications like antibiotics. Therefore, remember that it is important to complete your entire round of antibiotics, even if you have no obvious symptoms.
If the STD is caused by a virus, antibiotics will not be effective. However, your doctor can prescribe medication that will help manage your symptoms. Again, it is important that you carefully follow the instructions. Often, this involves taking medication every day in order to prevent outbreaks.
You May Like: What Causes Chlamydia In Males
What Are The Symptoms Of Chlamydia
Most men and women with chlamydia have no signs or symptoms, which makes it very easy to spread. Some people have the infection for many months or years without knowing it.
Women who get symptoms may have:
- vaginal discharge
- bleeding between periods or after sex
- burning or pain when urinating
- abdominal or pelvic pain
- pain during sex
Men who get symptoms may have some clear discharge from the penis or pain during urination.
In rare cases, people with chlamydia have sore joints or inflammation of the eye .
How Is Chlamydia Transmitted
Chlamydia, like other STIs, is passed from an infected person to a partner through certain sexual activities. Chlamydia is passed primarily during anal or vaginal sex. Chlamydia can be passed even if the penis or tongue does not go all the way into the vagina or anus. If the vagina, cervix, anus, penis or mouth come in contact with infected secretions or fluids, then transmission is possible.It is less likely to be transmitted through oral sex.
Chlamydia can be passed when the mucous membranethe soft skin covering all the openings of the bodycomes into contact with the mucous membrane secretions or semen of an infected person. This is what happens during unprotected sex whether vaginal or anal sex.
Oral sex is not a common cause of infection with this bacteria. Chlamydia is less likely to be transmitted during oral sex because the bacteria that cause chlamydia prefer to target the genital area rather than the throat. This is why it is unlikely for chlamydia to be transmitted from mouth-to-penis and penis-to-mouth contact, although it is still possible. It is even less likely for transmission to take place from vagina-to-mouth or anus-to-mouth contact. Transmission is not known to occur from mouth-to-vagina and mouth to anus contact.
Even a woman who has not had anal sex can get chlamydia in the anus or rectum if bacteria are spread from the vaginal area, such as when wiping with toilet paper.
Stis You Can Still Get When You’re In A Faithful Relationship
If you want to stay on top of your sexual health, getting tested for sexually transmitted infections should be happening regularly. That shouldn’t change just because you’re now in an exclusive, committed relationship. While sexual monogamy can limit your risk of getting an STI, it can’t really guarantee that you won’t get anything. In fact, there are several STIs you can still get when you’re in an faithful relationship, so it’s important to be aware.
According to the World Health Organization, there are an estimated 357 million new cases of infections each year and over 30 different types of bacteria, viruses, and parasites that can be spread through sexual contact. Although having sex with just one person can be helpful, Dr. Tami Prince, M.D., OB/GYN and Medical Director with U.S. Health Works, tells Bustle, “STIs can remain dormant for months and years before detection. Many can go undetected, especially in women.”
There’s still a huge stigma around STIs, and some people would rather live their lives in not knowing rather than get tested to know for sure. When several major STIs are asymptomatic or have very subtle symptoms, it’s pretty easy to ignore. But not getting tested out of fear or thinking you can’t possibly get an STI because you’ve been safe, can have consequences for not only you but your partner as well.
So here some STIs you can still get even when you’re in a committed relationship, according to experts.
How Do You Get Chlamydia
Chlamydia is a bacterial infection. The bacteria are usually spread through sex or contact with infected genital fluids .
You can get chlamydia through:
- unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex
- sharing sex toys that are not washed or covered with a new condom each time they’re used
- your genitals coming into contact with your partner’s genitals this means you can get chlamydia from someone even if there’s no penetration, orgasm or ejaculation
- infected semen or vaginal fluid getting into your eye
It can also be passed by a pregnant woman to her baby.
Chlamydia cannot be passed on through casual contact, such as kissing and hugging, or from sharing baths, towels, swimming pools, toilet seats or cutlery.
You May Like: List Of Antibiotics For Chlamydia
Chlamydia Is Really Common
Chlamydia is a SUPER common bacterial infection that you can get from sexual contact with another person. Close to 3 million Americans get it every year, most commonly among 14-24-year-olds.
Chlamydia is spread through vaginal, anal, and oral sex. The infection is carried in semen , pre-cum, and vaginal fluids. Chlamydia can infect the penis, vagina, cervix, anus, urethra, eyes, and throat. Most people with chlamydia dont have any symptoms and feel totally fine, so they might not even know theyre infected.
Chlamydia can be easily cleared up with antibiotics. But if you dont treat chlamydia, it may lead to major health problems in the future. Thats why STD testing is so important the sooner you know you have chlamydia, the faster you can cure it. You can prevent chlamydia by using condoms every time you have sex.
How Long Can You Have Chlamydia Without Knowing
If youve had intercourse with an infected man or woman, chlamydia symptoms may appear between 1 3 weeks after contact.
However, you may still be asymptomatic after a chlamydia infection. This is because chlamydia can be silent or dormant for months and years without showing symptoms.
In men, about 50 70 percent will show symptoms of chlamydia while only 30 50 percent of women will be symptomatic. Absent symptoms of chlamydia do not mean absent infection. You should take chlamydia test to confirm if you have the infection or not.
Recommended Reading: Chlamydia In Men No Symptoms