How Does Someone Get Chlamydia
Chlamydia is passed through oral, anal, or vaginal sex. Chlamydia can be passed from one person to another even if the penis or tongue does not go all the way into the vagina or anus.Eye infections can occur when discharge caries the disease into the eye during sex or hand-to-eye contact.
Chlamydia can also be passed from mother to newborn as the baby passes through the infected birth canal. This can result in eye infections, pneumonia or other complications.
What Does A Negative Igg Test Result Mean
However, a negative result does not indicate the absence of C trachomatis as IgM antibodies are sometimes absent in infected individuals. If the result shows the presence of IgG antibody, it indicates active or resolved infection. High IgG presence point to a recent infection, whereas low titers may indicate early infection or cross-reaction.
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Can Chlamydia Be Cured
Yes, chlamydia can be cured with the right treatment. It is important that you take all of the medication your doctor prescribes to cure your infection. When taken properly it will stop the infection and could decrease your chances of having complications later on. You should not share medication for chlamydia with anyone.
Repeat infection with chlamydia is common. You should be tested again about three months after you are treated, even if your sex partner was treated.
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Why Am I Getting Urinary Tract Infections
Ever since I started having sex I get urinary tract infections a lot. Does that mean there could be something else wrong? Mandy*
If you have burning or pain when you pee, it could be a number of things. One possibility is a urinary tract infection , but others include a sexually transmitted disease , such as chlamydia, or chemical irritation from a spermicide . Its hard to tell the difference without seeing a doctor or .
Urinary tract infections tend to be more common in girls who have sex. Often, they happen because bacteria entered the urethra .
Follow these steps to help decrease your chances of getting UTIs:
- Don’t touch your vagina with anything that has been in contact with your anus . This includes condoms, toilet paper, fingers, etc. Do not go from anal to vaginal sex.
- Wipe front to back after going to the bathroom.
- Pee right before and after sex.
- Drink plenty of liquids, especially water.
STDs can cause symptoms similar to those of a UTI, such as burning, vaginal discharge, belly pain, and irregular bleeding.
Many times, though, STDs have few symptoms, which is why it is important for anyone who has had sex to be tested at least once a year. And always use condoms with any type of sex to help prevent STDs.
In any case, the best thing to do is get checked out ASAP by a health care provider who can look for the reason you’re having symptoms. It’s really important to get the right diagnosis and treatment!
*Names have been changed to protect user privacy.
How Is Urethritis Diagnosed
If your physician thinks you may have urethritis, you will be asked to give a urine specimen. The specimen will be examined for signs of infection and inflammation.
- The doctor will perform a thorough examination of your penis and testicles and do a rectal exam to evaluate your prostate for signs of infection.
- The doctor may use a thin swab to collect a specimen from the urethra.
- If the doctor suspects you have a sexually transmitted disease, a blood sample may be tested.
- Sometimes you will get a shot .
- The duration of treatment ranges from one to 14 days.
- In cases of a sexually transmitted infection, antibiotics are used routinely.
- In this situation, all sexual partners also require treatment.
- You should not have sex or you should use condoms until all partners have completed medical therapy.
- Anyone with signs of severe infection that has spread throughout the body may require admission to a hospital for IV antibiotics.
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What Can Be Done To Prevent The Spread Of Chlamydia
- Limit your number of sex partners
- Use a male or female condom
- If you think you are infected or have been exposed, avoid any sexual contact and visit a local sexually transmitted disease clinic, a hospital or your doctor. Either bring your sex partners with you when you are treated or notify them immediately so they can obtain examination and treatment.
Can Chlamydia Be Prevented
The only sure way to prevent chlamydia is to not have vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not eliminate, the risk of catching or spreading chlamydia. If your or your partner is allergic to latex, you can use polyurethane condoms.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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How Can I Reduce The Risk Of Contracting Chlamydia
Were glad you asked. The best way to reduce the risk of getting or passing on chlamydia is by using condoms! So, make sure that when you play, always have some condoms close by, not for just you and him, but also any sex toys you may use. Its also a good idea to wash your body parts between play, and if you are playing with more than one guy to rinse out your mouth, genitals and arse between partners.
Complications Of Non Sti
Kidney Infection and damageIf left untreated, the bacteria causing the UTI can travel further up the urethra and into the kidneys, causing a kidney infection . If this is left untreated, there may be serious consequences including kidney scarring and kidney disease or failure. Kidney infections are usually easy to treat with antibiotics, but some people can experience chronic kidney infections.
UrosepsisUrosepsis is a type of blood poisoning which is caused by infections in the urinary tract. Sepsis is very serious and can be life threatening. Physical symptoms include kidney pain, nausea and/or vomiting, reduced urine volume, breathing difficulties and extreme fatigue, sweating, changes in heart rate, weak pulse, fever, and neurological symptoms include brain fog, confusion and unusual levels of anxiety. Untreated sepsis can lead to multiple organ failure, and requires immediate medical attention.
A multi-resistant and highly serious type of infection called Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamases Escherichia coli has become more common in recent times due to widespread use of antibiotics. This requires immediate specialist attention as it can cause septicaemia and serious consequences.
RecurrencesA recurrent infection is when women experience two or more UTIs in a six month period, or 4 or more within a year.
In pregnancyPregnant women with untreated UTIs may be at a higher risk of premature delivery, or delivering a baby of low birth weight
Page reviewed by Dr. Manoj Malu
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Chlamydial Infection Among Adolescents And Adults
Chlamydial infection is the most frequently reported bacterial infectious disease in the United States, and prevalence is highest among persons aged 24 years . Multiple sequelae can result from C. trachomatis infection among women, the most serious of which include PID, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility. Certain women who receive a diagnosis of uncomplicated cervical infection already have subclinical upper genital tract infection.
Asymptomatic infection is common among both men and women. To detect chlamydial infection, health care providers frequently rely on screening tests. Annual screening of all sexually active women aged < 25 years is recommended, as is screening of older women at increased risk for infection . In a community-based cohort of female college students, incident chlamydial infection was also associated with BV and high-risk HPV infection . Although chlamydia incidence might be higher among certain women aged 25 years in certain communities, overall, the largest proportion of infection is among women aged < 25 years .
When To See A Doctor About Painful Urination
If you frequently think, Why does it burn when I pee? talk to your doctor to figure out whats going on. There they will get your detailed medical history, focusing on when your symptoms started, what makes them worse, how severe they are, and ask about any associated symptoms, Dr. Ruggiero says.
The Mayo Clinic says youll definitely want to call sooner rather than later if youre having these symptoms:
- Your painful urination sticks around.
- You have drainage or discharge from your vagina.
- Your pee is foul-smelling or cloudy, or you see blood in your pee.
- You have a fever.
- You have unexplained back pain or pain in your side.
- You pass a kidney or bladder stone.
When you start to feel hot and bothered down there , it can catch you off guardbut try not to panic or worry that your doctor will judge you. Make it a priority to see a professionalsuch as your primary care doc, an ob-gyn, or a urologistas soon as symptoms arise so you can get things resolved ASAP. Youll be thankful the next time you sit down to pee.
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What Should I Do If I Have Symptoms Of Urethritis
- If you suspect that you have urethritis then contact your local genitourinary clinic – find one from the Family Planning Association’s ‘Find a Clinic’ service – or see your GP.
- You may be asked to have tests for HIV, hepatitis and syphilis, as people with inflammation of the urethra sometimes have these conditions as well.
- Men who have sex with men may also need to have swabs taken from the back of the throat and back passage .
- The GUM clinic will protect your confidentiality but, if they confirm you have an infection, they may want to contact anyone you had sex with up to three months before you were diagnosed. This is called ‘contact tracing’.
- Medicines called antibiotics will usually clear an infection. The antibiotic prescribed depends on the cause. Make sure you complete the course.
- If your urethritis is due to an infection such as gonorrhoea it is vital that you have another test after you have been treated to make sure the infection has been cured. This will usually be done seven days after treatment.
- Tell your sexual partner to see their doctor or go to a GUM clinic, even if they have no symptoms. Many women with sexually transmitted infections do not have symptoms.
- Don’t have sex until you and your sexual partner have completed tests and treatment. You should wait seven days after you have had your treatment course to avoid passing on the infection: your doctor will advise.
How Do I Prevent Chlamydia
Using condoms every time you have sex can greatly reduce the risk of contracting chlamydia. Condoms should be used not just during ejaculation, but before any genital or sexual contact starts. If you are having oral-vaginal sex, use a dental dam to stay protected.
Ask a partner whether theyâve been tested recently for STIs before starting sexual contact. If a partner has sex with multiple people, ask about their STI status and encourage them to also get tested. Limiting the number of sexual partners you are exposed to will also decrease your risk of contracting chlamydia.
For people with female reproductive organs, a yearly gynecologic visit is recommended, even for those in a monogamous longterm relationship. People who are sexually active should always be screened for chlamydia. The screening can easily be performedâon a urine specimen, or as part of a pelvic exam.
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Who Does Chlamydia Affect
Anyone whos sexually active can get chlamydia. The bacteria that causes chlamydia gets transmitted through vaginal fluid and semen, which means that people of all genders who have sex can become infected with chlamydia and infect their partners, too. If youre pregnant and have chlamydia, you can pass it on to your newborn.
Am I At Risk For Chlamydia
Anyone who has sex can get chlamydia through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex. However, sexually active young people are at a higher risk of getting chlamydia. This is due to behaviors and biological factors common among young people. Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men are also at risk since chlamydia can spread through oral and anal sex.
Have an honest and open talk with your health care provider. Ask whether you should be tested for chlamydia or other STDs. If you are a sexually active woman younger than 25 years, you should get a test for chlamydia every year. If you are an older woman with risk factors such as new or multiple sex partners, or a sex partner who has an STD, you should get a test for chlamydia every year. Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men as well as pregnant women should also get tested for chlamydia.
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What If Im Hiv Positive
If youre poz and youre on treatment, chlamydia will not affect you any differently than it would for a neg guy. However, if youre a poz guy with chlamydia and you are not on HIV treatment, chlamydia can increase the risk of HIV transmission to your HIV negative sexual partner. So, for added protection its always a good idea to use condoms to ensure you and your partner stay safe.
Can Stis Cause Painful Urination
Yes. STIs such as Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, Trichomonas vaginalis, Mycoplasma genitalium and Genital Herpes, can all cause painful urination.
This symptom is often a tell-tale sign of an infection, especially when presenting with other symptoms such as abnormal discharge or bleeding. If you suspect you may have an STI, we recommend you visit a sexual health clinic to get tested as soon as possible to prevent further complications to your health.
Chlamydia symptoms may also include unusual discharge from the vagina, penis or rectum, abdominal pain, bleeding after sex and pain and/or swelling in the testicles.
Gonorrhoea symptoms may also include increased urgency or frequency of urination, typically green or yellow discharge from the penis or vagina, abdominal pain and pain during sexual intercourse.
Trichomonas vaginalis women with TV are more likely to experience symptoms than men, most notably a change in vaginal discharge , as well as intense itching, painful urination and pain whilst having sex.
Men may experience painful urination, pain whilst ejaculating as well as increased frequency, urgency to urinate, unusual smell and a mild rash on the penis.
Mycoplasma genitalium symptoms may also include unusual discharge from the vagina, penis or rectum, abdominal pain, bleeding after sex and pain and/or swelling in the testicles.
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How Do You Prevent Chlamydia
Chlamydia can be passed on by sharing sex toys. Always cover sex toys with a new condom and wash them after use to reduce your risk of getting chlamydia and other STIs.
Its important to regularly test for chlamydia, even if you dont have any symptoms, especially if youve had multiple sexual partners.
The contraceptive pill and other types of contraception wont prevent you getting chlamydia, and neither will PrEP.
Diagnosing The Cause Of Painful Urination
Painful urination is usually the symptom of an underlying infection. Trying to determine the cause of this pain requires a thorough consultation looking at your medical history, sexual history and a physical examination.
Depending on this discussion, we will consider the necessary tests that may be needed to determine the exact cause of your pain.
If your pain upon urination is suspected to be due to an underlying STI, we will recommend testing for the following infections:
This will be done using a urine sample from men and a high vaginal swab from women.
Our standard practice is to perform a urine dipstick test which gives the results within 2 minutes. It looks for the presence of blood, protein, nitrites, leukocytes and glucose in the urine which can help us in optimising your care. A high specific gravity of urine, determined by this test, is a simple way to see if your urine is very concentrated and potentially could be responsible for your painful urination.
UTIs can be easily overlooked as focus tends to be on diagnosing STIs. If your symptoms remain a concern with normal STI test results, it will be a prudent idea to check the urine sample for Microscopy and Culture. One can receive the appropriate antibiotics based on the type of bacteria detected by this test.
The best sample to perform this test is a Mid Stream Urine sample .
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Chlamydial Infection Among Neonates
Prenatal screening and treatment of pregnant women is the best method for preventing chlamydial infection among neonates. C. trachomatis infection of neonates results from perinatal exposure to the mothers infected cervix. Initial C. trachomatis neonatal infection involves the mucous membranes of the eye, oropharynx, urogenital tract, and rectum, although infection might be asymptomatic in these locations. Instead, C. trachomatis infection among neonates is most frequently recognized by conjunctivitis that develops 512 days after birth. C. trachomatis also can cause a subacute, afebrile pneumonia with onset at ages 13 months. Although C. trachomatis has been the most frequent identifiable infectious cause of ophthalmia neonatorum, neonatal chlamydial infections, including ophthalmia and pneumonia, have occurred less frequently since institution of widespread prenatal screening and treatment of pregnant women. Neonates born to mothers at high risk for chlamydial infection, with untreated chlamydia, or with no or unconfirmed prenatal care, are at high risk for infection. However, presumptive treatment of the neonate is not indicated because the efficacy of such treatment is unknown. Infants should be monitored to ensure prompt and age-appropriate treatment if symptoms develop. Processes should be in place to ensure communication between physicians and others caring for the mother and the newborn to ensure thorough monitoring of the newborn after birth.