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Is Trichomoniasis And Chlamydia The Same Thing

Can I Get Trichomoniasis More Than Once

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Its possible to get trich multiple times. Approximately one in five people who are treated for trich become infected again within three months. To prevent reinfection, you and your sexual partners should take anti-infective medications at the same time. After finishing treatment, you should wait a week before having sex to give the medication time to work and for symptoms to go away.

What Happens If A Man Goes Untreated For Trich

As many as 11% of nongonococcal urethritis cases in men are caused by T vaginalis. Complications of untreated trichomoniasis in men include prostatitis, epididymitis, urethral stricture disease, and infertility, potentially resulting from decreased sperm motility and viability.

Can Chlamydia Turn Into Gonorrhea

No, chlamydia on its own cannot turn into gonorrhea as they are caused by two different bacteria.

It does happen that people contract and carry both chlamydia and gonorrhea bacteria, so you can have them at the same time. Also, having one increases your likelihood of contracting another thus, it is always important to be treated for both.

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How Do You Test For Trichomoniasis

Getting tested for trichomoniasis is easy and doesnt hurt. A healthcare professional will examine you and take a swab from the vagina or the penis. Sometimes men will also be asked to give a urine sample.

If you find out that you have trichomoniasis you should test for other STIs. You will need to tell any recent sexual partners so they can also get tested and treated. You can ask your healthcare professional for advice about this.

Is Trichomoniasis The Same As Chlamydia

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Can A Man Give A Woman Trichomoniasis

Yes, a man can infect a woman with trich. Most people with a trich infection may not show any symptoms and never know that they have it. However, a man who is unaware of the infection can transmit it to a woman. Symptoms of trich in men, if present, include pain during peeing or discharge from the penis.

Complications From Chlamydia And Gonorrhea

Because these two diseases often have no symptoms, some people go untreated.

Even with those who have symptoms, stigma, access, or other reasons get in the way of getting medical attention.

Not receiving prompt and proper treatment can create serious health problems.

For women, chlamydia and gonorrhea that goes untreated can spread through your uterus to your fallopian tubes.

Fallopian tubes connect the ovaries to the uterus and transport fertilized eggs during pregnancy. If untreated bacteria that cause gonorrhea and chlamydia spread to this area, the result is pelvic inflammatory disease , affecting around 5% of women in the US.

Pelvic inflammatory disease, similar to chlamydia and gonorrhea, can have no symptoms or just some pelvic or abdominal pain initially.

Unfortunately, PID can do permanent damage to a womens reproductive system, including:

For men, gonorrhea and chlamydia can also lead to serious health problems.

It is uncommon for either to cause infertility in men, but sometimes the infection can spread past the penis causing fever or pain.

One difference is that chlamydia can also spread to the urethra, causing Non-Gonococcal urethritis, which is an infection of the tube that carries urine resulting in inflammation, pain, and fever.

This cannot be caused by the bacteria that causes gonorrhea. However, for both diseases, it is possible for either to cause:

For both women and men, chlamydia and gonorrhea can develop into a form of arthritis:

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How Is Trich Treated

Trichomoniasis is curable with antibiotics, typically metronidazole or Tinidazole . If you are being treated for trichomoniosis, keep these facts in mind:

  • Use all the medicine prescribed, even if your symptoms go away
  • Sex partners must also be treated, or you will get trich again
  • Do not have sex until all partners have finished the medication

What Your Chlamydia Gonorrhea And Trichomoniasis Test Results Mean

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All three sexually transmitted diseases need to be routinely tested, to have an early diagnosis and prevent further complications. A positive test, for any of these three infections, indicate an ongoing infection that needs to be treated properly with a prescription medication, such as antibiotics.

A positive gonorrhea test indicates an active infection with the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria. A positive chlamydia test indicates an active infection with the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. A positive Trichomoniasis test indicates an active infection with the Trichomoniasis vaginalis parasite. If your results came in positive for any of these sexually-transmitted diseases, keep in mind that both you are your partner would need to abstain from any sexual activity. Do not engage in anal, oral or vaginal sex, not until you are both fully treated and free of the infection. With the right treatment, an infection normally clears up in a couple of weeks. You are required to get re-tested, three months after to detect a possible re-infection.

A negative gonorrhea or chlamydia test result indicates the absence of an active infection caused by any of these two bacteria. A negative Trichomoniasis test indicates the absence of the parasite. It also indicates that the symptoms may be due to other underlying causes. However, if trichomoniasis is still suspected, other tests t may be needed to have a more accurate diagnosis.

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Key Difference Trichomoniasis Vs Bv

Trichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis are two commonly misdiagnosed conditions that have a similar clinical presentation. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a flagellated protozoon named Trichomonas vaginalis. An organism named Gardnerella vaginalis causes bacterial vaginosis which is characterized by an offensive vaginal discharge. Although trichomoniasis is considered as a sexually transmitted disease, bacterial vaginosis is not included in that category because its causative agents are not known to spread the disease through sexual contact. This is the key difference between trichomoniasis and BV.

Why Take The Chlamydia Gonorrhea And Trichomoniasis Test

The chlamydia test can identify bacteria causing this infection. It is very essential to screen, and diagnose chlamydia in order to prevent its spread and possible long-term complications. The Centers for Disease Control And Prevention state that, every year, 2.8 million Americans get infected with chlamydia. It also states that women are more prone to be re-infected, if their partner is not getting tested and treated properly. This makes chlamydia a widespread sexually transmitted disease. People at risk of getting chlamydia need to be tested, regularly. These include young people who are sexually active, gay, bisexual, and men who have sex with men.

The Gonorrhea test is essential in screening, diagnosing and evaluating the treatment plan of a gonorrhea infection. It is essential in preventing its complications, which could be very drastic, ranging from septicemia and joints infection, to a disseminated gonococcal infection that could infect our heart, brain and spinal cord. The Centers for Disease Control And Prevention states that, every year, 820,000 individuals get infected with gonorrhea. But, only half of these cases are reported to the CDC. This bacterial infection is mostly common among young adults who are sexually active. It is also common among African Americans.

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How Does One Get Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is spread through penis-vagina sex and vulva-vulva sex. Anal sex or oral sex are not common routes of Trichomonas vaginalis transmission . It has been suggested that it may also be spread via contact with objects or mutual masturbation with fingers, but this type of disease transmission is not very common .

People of all genders can contract trichomoniasis from heterosexual sex, but transmission between men during homosexual sex is much lower .

A person can also be re-infected with trichomoniasis after having been treated previously. People donât become immune to trichomoniasis after theyâve had it .

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So, since were talking about uncomfortable subjects lets address the elephant in the room. If someone suddenly tests positive for trich, does it mean that theyve been unfaithful to their partner? Sadly, the answer is likely to be yes. There are actually several ways you can catch trich without sexual intercourse, but none of them are very likely. After all, trich is spread through semen and vaginal secretions.

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What Is The Treatment For Trich

Trichomoniasis is curable with antibiotics. An antibiotic called Metronidazole is usually prescribed. If you are prescribed treatment, use all the medicine prescribed, even if your symptoms go away. Your sex partners must also be treated, or you can get trich again. Dont have sex until all partners have finished the medication.

What If I Am Pregnant

Trichomoniasis can cause babies to be born early or with low birth weight. If you think you may be pregnant be sure to tell your healthcare provider. Women in the first three months of pregnancy should not take medicine for trich because it might hurt the baby. You can take medicine after the first three months. Talk to your healthcare provider about them.

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What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor

If you have trichomoniasis, you may want to ask your healthcare provider:

  • What is the best treatment for me?
  • Will this condition come back?
  • Whats the best way to prevent getting trich or another STD again?
  • How can I protect my partner from getting trich?
  • What are the medication side effects?
  • Should I look out for signs of complications?

A note from Cleveland Clinic

If youre diagnosed with trichomoniasis, youre not alone and shouldnt be embarrassed. Millions of people are diagnosed with this STD every year. It spreads easily because most people dont have symptoms and arent aware theyre contagious. Be sure to follow your healthcare providers directions when taking medications to treat the disease. Stopping treatment too soon or engaging in sexual contact before the infection is gone can lead to reinfection. Your healthcare provider can also offer suggestions for preventing future STDs.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 06/05/2020.

References

Possible Though Unlikely Sources Of Trich:

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There are a few ways that trich can be spread without having sexual relations:

  • Public Pools: If the water in a community swimming pool is not properly cleaned and filtered, it is possible for the parasite to survive and infect others.
  • Sharing damp clothing, towels or swimsuits: Much like the pool, if clothes are not properly washed, it is technically possible for the infection to spread from wearer to wearer.

Of course, please remember that sexual activity is by far the most common source of infection. While these potential sources can be comforting to a worried partner, they are quite unlikely to actually be the cause. Compared to skin-to-skin contact, the reports of trich being spread through these means are few and far between.

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What Increases Your Risk

Behaviors that will increase your risk of getting trichomoniasis include:

  • Not using condoms when having sex with a new partner or a partner who may have been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection . It is possible for a partner to transmit the trich parasite without having any symptoms of the infection.
  • Having many sex partners, which increases your risk of being exposed to someone who has trich. Teenagers and young adults are at higher risk for getting trich and other STIs, because their sex partners often have had other recent partners who may carry an STI.

You can get other STIs, such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, HIV, and syphilis, at the same time you get a trich infection. If one STI is diagnosed, testing for other STIs should be done so that all infections can be treated at the same time.

Some infections that can be spread through sexual contact, such as the human immunodeficiency virus infection, are life-threatening. Studies show that trich infection may increase the risk of transmitting HIV infection.footnote 2 Health professionals around the world are concerned about the increased risk of trichomoniasis and HIV.

Women who have trich may also be at risk for other vaginal infections such as yeast infections or bacterial vaginosis.

When To Get Medical Advice

See a GP or go to your local sexual health clinic if you develop any of the symptoms of trichomoniasis or you think you may be infected.

Trichomoniasis can usually be diagnosed after an examination of the genitals and a laboratory test carried out on a swab taken from the vagina or penis.

If the test shows you have trichomoniasis, it’s important that your current sexual partner and any other recent partners are also tested and treated.

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How Do People Get Trichomoniasis

The parasite passes from an infected person to an uninfected person during sex. In women, the most commonly infected part of the body is the lower genital tract . In men, the most commonly infected body part is the inside of the penis . During sex, the parasite usually spreads from a penis to a vagina, or from a vagina to a penis. It can also spread from a vagina to another vagina. It is not common for the parasite to infect other body parts, like the hands, mouth, or anus. It is unclear why some people with the infection get symptoms while others do not. It probably depends on factors like a persons age and overall health. Infected people without symptoms can still pass the infection on to others.

What Complications Can Occur If The Infection Is Not Properly Treated

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Untreated or improperly treated trichomoniasis can result in an infection that can increase the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease and cervical neoplasia a possible precursor to cervical cancer in women. Pregnant women with trichomoniasis are at higher risk for having pre-term or low birth weight babies. Men are sometimes asymptomatic, resulting in chronic infection and re-infection of partner. In men, infection may lead to inflammation of the urethra and chronic prostatitis. In both men and women, trichomoniasis is a risk factor for HIV and is associated with infertility.

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How Does It Spread

Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis that can live in semen or vaginal fluids. It spreads during unprotected anal, oral, or vaginal sex, usually between a man and a woman or between two women. Keep in mind that a man doesnt have to ejaculate to give his partner the parasite. In can also be spread by sharing sex toys.

In men, the parasite usually infects the urethra inside the penis. In women, it can infect the:

  • vagina

70 percent of people with the infection dont show any symptoms.

People can also carry the parasite for many months without knowing it. This means that your partner may have gotten it from a past relationship and only just started showing symptoms. It also means that you might have developed an infection in a past relationship and unknowingly passed it to your current partner.

Still, theres always a slim chance that you or your partner developed it from something nonsexual, such as:

  • Toilets. Trichomoniasis can be picked up from a toilet seat if its damp. Using an outdoor toilet may be an added risk, since it puts you in closer contact with others urine and feces.
  • In from Zambia, the parasite spread through bathwater that was used by multiple girls.
  • Public pools. The parasite can spread if the water in the pool isnt cleaned.
  • Clothing or towels. Its possible to spread the parasite if you share damp clothing or towels with someone.

Trichomoniasis Is The Most Common Curable Std

Millions of people get trich every year. Its caused by a parasite that spreads really easily during sex. The parasite is carried in sexual fluids, like semen, pre cum, and vaginal fluids.

Most people with trichomoniasis dont have any symptoms and feel totally fine, so they might not even know they have it. When it does cause symptoms, the most common one is vaginitis. Vaginitis is when your vulva or vagina is irritated. Trich can also infect your urethra . Signs of trich include irritation and itching, smelly discharge, and painful or frequent peeing.

Other infections can feel like trich, so the only way to know for sure whats going on is to see a nurse or doctor. The good news is trich is easily cured with medicine.

You can help prevent trich by using condoms every time you have sex.

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How Does A Doctor Diagnose Trichomoniasis

It can be detected in symptomatic women by examining the vaginal discharge. In a symptomatic person, the culture for genital fluid or a DNA test may help the diagnosis.

If you are a woman, see your gynecologist

  • On days other than when you have your monthly period
  • And do not have sex for at least 24 hours before the exam or use condoms

Your gynecologist may

  • Take vaginal fluid samples with a cotton swab and/or
  • Examine it under the microscope
  • Send the vaginal fluid samples for a culture test .
  • Send the sample for a DNA test.

The parasite is harder to detect in men than in women. However, it can be detected easily by culture tests for genital fluid in both the genders. A recently available DNA test is more accurate and can be done in both the genders. It can be done with vaginal fluid or a urine sample.

If you have trich, you need to be tested for other sexually transmitted infections , too. The same samples can be used by your doctor to check for other infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea.

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