Housing Environment And Sleep Duration Or Quality
Epidemiological studies concur in an association between increased exposure to residential traffic, noise, and fine airborne particulate matter and a higher risk of T2D diagnosis during the following 512 years. The risk was higher by roughly 2040% for persons exposed to an, at least, 10 dB higher noise level or to 10 g/m3 more of fine particulate matter over 10 years, or living on a busy road. It cannot be excluded that this association is not causal, but extensive adjustments have been made for age, sex and lifestyle , as well as for socioeconomic status, without loss of the observed associations .
Contributing factors are the duration and quality of sleep . Night-time exposure to noise or light may cause sleep disturbances . Similar effects have been reported for shift-workers or for persons with decreased sleep duration due to extended working hours or leisure time activities . A recent meta-analysis of prospective studies reported the lowest risk of diabetes for 78 hours per day of sleep and an increased risk by 9% for each 1-h shorter sleep duration . Longer sleep duration or day time napping may also be a risk factor for later diabetes or metabolic syndrome, but findings are not consistent . In controlled trials performed in sleep laboratories, sleep restriction for 5 days caused a 29% decrease of whole body insulin sensitivity , and a decreased glucose disposal rate was observed already after one night of 4 hours of sleep .
Obesity And Sexual Risk Among Young Mothers
Adolescents mothers are at increased risk for overweight and obesity because their bodies continue to grow and develop while pregnant, a fact that is associated with increased weight gain and fat storage . Young mothers are also at an increased risk for HIV/STIs. A systematic review of STI acquisition and condom use of mothering adolescents showed: 1439% tested STI positive 610 months postpartum, and adolescent mothers were twice as likely to have an STI compared to nulliparous sexually active peers , highlighting the high-risk behaviors of adolescents after pregnancy.
Female Chlamydia Symptoms To Watch For
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that can affect both males and females.
Up to 95 percent of females with chlamydia dont experience any symptoms, according to the This is problematic because chlamydia can cause damage to your reproductive system if left untreated.
But chlamydia can occasionally cause symptoms. Heres a look at the common ones you might notice.
Just remember, you could still have chlamydia without these symptoms. If theres a chance you may have been exposed to the bacteria, your safest bet is to get tested as soon as possible.
Chlamydia can cause unusual vaginal discharge. It might be:
- foul smelling
Chlamydia can also affect your rectum. This can result from having unprotected anal sex or a vaginal chlamydia infection spreading to your rectum.
You might also notice mucus-like discharge coming from your rectum.
Chlamydia sometimes causes inflammation that leads to bleeding between your periods. This bleeding may range from light to moderately heavy.
Chlamydia can also lead to bleeding after any type of sexual activity involving penetration.
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How Can Estrogen Exist In Men
Men obviously don’t have similar reproductive organs to women so they produce estrogen in a different way. Estrogen is produced through an enzyme known as aromatase. Aromatase transforms testosterone into estrogen in men. As men age, it is possible for the enzyme aromatase to cause estrogen to spike and testosterone to decrease in volume.
Medications, medical procedures, stress, and weight gain may cause a fluctuation in estrogen. While a certain level of hormones can be taken in through nutrition, this is a tiny proportion and there are no sole foods that can be clinically attributed to a drastic spike in estrogen or a loss of testosterone.
When it comes to the idea that your diet can modulate estrogen in the body, Dr. Bernstein says: “There have been many studies that have looked at foods that may be associated with increased estrogen levels but unfortunately none of them have shown any statistical significance and many of the studies done have been on animals, not humans. There can be higher levels of hormones in farm animals that are being raised to be used for food products for human consumption.”
Throughout a man’s life, estrogen and testosterone levels rise and fall, if testosterone becomes lower than estrogen, or if estrogen spikes, physical symptoms may become apparent.
See also:How can you promote hormone balance?
On Lo Loestrin Fe Can You Omit The Brown Pills
If you desire, you may stop taking the brown tablets and begin a fresh pack the next week. During your week off, you should receive your period. You might simply skip the brown tablets entirely and begin a fresh package right away. If you choose this option, you will not get a period for that month.
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Warning Signs And Symptoms
Weight loss is one of the main warning signs for serious bloating. If you find yourself losing more than a few pounds without changing your diet or starting a new exercise regimen, that should be cause for concern, especially if its 10 percent or more of your body weight. Weight loss can be caused by tumors that press on the intestines, making you feel full after just a small amount of food, or from substances secreted by tumors that suppress your appetite.
Ascites is an abnormal buildup of fluid in the abdomen or pelvis. It can cause bloating, weight gain, and a rapidly expanding waistline. Ascites is usually caused by liver disease, but cancer is the culprit about 10 percent of the time. A large amount of fluid can make you look and feel like youre several months pregnant. The combination of bloating and jaundice, which turns the eyes and skin yellow, can be a sign of cancer thats spread to the liver, although it can also occur with more benign forms of liver disease like hepatitis.
Blood in your stool, vaginal bleeding in between periods, or postmenopausal vaginal bleeding can all be associated with serious bloating. Fortunately, the most common causes of these symptoms arent the most serious, but bleeding should always be evaluated because it can be a sign of cancer, particularly colon or uterine cancer.
Can You Become Immune To Chlamydia
Unfortunately, you cannot become immune to chlamydia a previous episode of chlamydia does not give any long term protection to the infection. Repeated episodes of chlamydial infection increase your chance of unpleasant long-term outcomes from the infection. There is also no vaccine because of the way chlamydia has so many subtypes and infects parts of the body that vaccines are less useful for protecting.
Why isnt it normal to get immunity to chlamydia? this is partly because the area chlamydia inhabits inside the genitals is not easy for the immune system to reach. All the white blood cells responsible for fighting off disease have limited access there so its harder for them to clear a bacterial infection the way they would in other parts of the body. Chlamydia are also hard for the immune system to recognise properly, which is important for the immune system to work properly.
How can you prevent chlamydia long-term? until a vaccine is developed, the best thing to do is to try to reduce your risk through good sexual health:
- Always use a condom correctly and consistently with any new sexual partner
- Get tested for chlamydia, especially if you are aged 25 or under and/or have any risk factors
- Keep being tested, preferably before you have unprotected sex with a new partner. Avoid overlapping partners
- If you do test positive to chlamydia, follow all the advice about treatment very carefully
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/6what Are Autoimmune Diseases
An autoimmune disease occurs when the body’s immune system starts attacking the healthy tissues and cells. These conditions develop slowly, but are tricky to diagnose. They lead to diverse symptoms and depending on the condition, often lead to weight loss or weight gain. Autoimmune conditions are incurable and they can only be managed by following a healthy lifestyle and eating healthy. So, your weight will keep fluctuating, unless you take some serious steps to keep it in control. Here are 4 autoimmune conditions that may lead to weight gain.
How To Avoid Getting Chlamydia
You have to know that getting chlamydia does not give you immunity to this infection. You are still exposed to re-infection as many times as you encounter it. Here are a series of tips to avoid chlamydia infection :
- The safest and most effective way is not to have sex.
- It was in a strictly monogamous relationship with someone in the same connection and tested negative for chlamydia.
- Use condoms correctly when you have sex.
This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Is chlamydia cured? We recommend that you enter our category of Male reproductive system.
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Occupational And Leisure Time Physical Activity
Epidemiological studies suggest that high versus low total physical activity is associated with a reduction in relative diabetes risk by approximately 30%. All types of leisure time physical activities as well as occupational physical activity were found to be inversely associated with diabetes risk . The beneficial effect of exercise on insulin sensitivity and glycaemic control has also been demonstrated in controlled trials in non-diabetic individuals . Reallocation of 30 min of sedentary time into moderate to vigorous physical activity was associated with a 15% difference in HOMA-defined insulin sensitivity . The beneficial effects of muscle work do not simply reflect the burning of calories, since enhanced physical activity leads to minimal weight loss .
You Can Get Chlamydia More Than Once
With some diseases, having one infection makes you immune to future infections. That’s not the case with chlamydia. If you engage in sexual activity with a person who has a chlamydia infection, you can get it again, even if you’ve just completed treatment for it.
“Both partners should be treated before reinitiating sexual intercourse to prevent relapse,” Schaffir says.
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Chlamydia Is Caused By Sexually Transmitted Bacteria
The bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis causes chlamydia infection, which usually occurs in the genital tract, so the cervix in women and the penis in men. In both women and men, the bacteria may also infect the rectum and the throat.
“Infections are spread during any kind of sexual activity: vaginal, anal, or oral intercourse,” says Jonathan Schaffir, MD, an ob-gyn at Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center in Columbus.
Chlamydia trachomatis can also cause conjunctivitis if the bacteria come into contact with the eyelids or the clear membrane covering the white of the eye.
Because chlamydia infections often cause no symptoms, individuals who have one may not seek medical attention or get treated for it. However, anyone who is infected with chlamydia can pass it to other people, who can, in turn, pass it to others.
How Are Stds Treated
Treatment protocol depends on your STD diagnosis. The CDC recommends annual screening for certain STDs of all sexually active women younger than 25 years and women over 25 who meet certain risk factors.
At OB-GYN Associates of Marietta, our medical team is experienced in diagnosing and treating of STDs with compassion and discretion to women in every stage of life. We can help you learn about your risk factors and provide treatment, if necessary.
If youre concerned about STDs or simply want to learn more, call OB-GYN Associates of Marietta or book a visit online for a free consultation at one of our two locations in Marietta and Woodstock, Georgia.
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Community Sampling And Baseline Examinations
In phase I of the study, a multiple-stage stratified cluster random sampling technique was used to select 3000 people aged > = 25 years from major ports of Bushehr Province . The studied ports of the Northern Persian Gulf were Bushehr Port , Genaveh and Deilam Ports. Specifications dictated that approximately two persons per selected household could be included in phase I cross-sectional survey.
Examinations were conducted in 200304. All subjects were asked to fast and to present to the survey center between 7.309.30 a.m. Blood pressure was assessed twice at the right arm after a 15-min rest in the sitting position, using a standard mercury sphygmomanometer. Waist circumference was defined at the midway level between the costal margins and the iliac crests. Hip circumference was measured at the level of the greater trochanters.
A fasting blood sample was taken, all samples were promptly centrifuged, separated and analyses were carried out at the Persian Gulf Health Research Center on the day of blood collection using a Selectra 2 autoanalyzer . Glucose was assayed by enzymatic colorimetric method using a commercial kit . Serum total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol were measured using a cholesterol oxidase phenol aminoantipyrine and triglycerides using a glycerol-3 phosphate oxidase phenol aminoantipyrine enzymatic method. Serum LDL-cholesterol was calculated using the Friedwald formula LDL-cholesterol was not calculated when triglycerides concentration was > 400 mg/dl.
Chlamydia Is Common But Many People Dont Realize They Have It
About 1.7 million chlamydia infections were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2017, but the real number is likely higher because chlamydia is considered an underreported infection.
“The number of reported cases is substantially lower than the true estimated incidence,” says Bradley Stoner, MD, PhD, associate professor of medicine at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and former president of the American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association.
The National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System relies on state and local public health departments to collect and report data on chlamydia to the CDC. Those public health departments depend on individual physicians, hospitals, and laboratories to report cases of chlamydia to them. Accurate statistics require all parties to routinely comply with disease-reporting mandates.
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Hiv Positive People Are At Higher Risk For Type 2 Diabetes
People who have non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, HIV and lipodystrophy could have an increased risk for suffering from type 2 diabetes.
HIV infected individuals are at risk for developing NAFLD, and prior studies have shown that NAFLD is more common in HIV people than those who donât have HIV. There is also an increased chance for lipodystrophy for people who have HIV and do a combination antiretroviral therapy .
Lipodystrophy, which is antiretroviral-drug induced, is noted by lipoatrophy, which also has insulin resistance features such as disturbed glucose metabolism, and increases liver fat. People who have lipodystrophy and HIV have an increased chance for T2DM, but there have been no longitudinal studies. The study looked at the natural progression of NAFLD and T2DM in HIV-positive individuals who did and did not have lipodystrophy over the course of 15+ years.
14 HIV positive people were involved with the study, and another 28 healthy individuals were included. Baseline measurements for clinical characteristics and protein magnetic resonance spectroscopy were taken at the start, and again, when the study was over. Researchers measured for liver stiffness to measure the liver fibrosis using both magnetic resonance elastography and transient elastography.
The authors determined, using the current determinations of liver stiffness, that advanced fibrosis is an extremely rare complication when likened type HIV positive individuals with type 2 diabetes.
What Does Chlamydia Discharge Look Like
Discharge caused by cervicitis , is the most common sign of chlamydia in women.
The discharge can appear to be:
- white in colour
However, discharge caused by chlamydia does not always look the same. It can vary from woman to woman therefore any changes to the discharge that you normally produce could be a sign of infection.
Whether the smell, colour, consistency or amount has changed can all be signs that you may have chlamydia. Women may also experience the need to urinate frequently which is accompanied by a burning sensation when they do so, very similar to that of a urinary tract infection . Other symptoms to look out for are pain during or after sex and bleeding between periods.
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Chlamydia Discharge: Testing And Diagnosis
If you feel you may have any of the above symptoms or have come into sexual contact with someone you think may have had Chlamydia, it is best to get yourself tested immediately. Chlamydia that is left untreated can spread in your body and have a long-term impact on fertility in both men and women.
Doctors at the Mayo Clinic suggest that sexually active men and women age 25 or younger get tested for Chlamydia because the rate of infection is highest for this group especially for women. However, it is always a good idea to get tested when you have a new sexual partner.
Pregnant women should also get tested for Chlamydia during their first prenatal exam. If you have sex during the pregnancy or change partners during your pregnancy, it is best to get tested again. Chlamydia can spread to newborns and also impact them during a pregnancy as a fetus develops in her mother.
The best approach to discharge in both men and women is to seek out a doctor if anything looks out of the ordinary.
Recognizing Womens Discharge
Vaginal discharge is a common occurrence among women, and it does not always mean there is cause for concern. Often it will occur during your cycle as a way to help the vagina stay clean and maintain a proper pH level.
Women should familiarize themselves with their common discharge and even its smell to help determine if something is amiss.