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How Do You Know If You Chlamydia

How Do I Test For Chlamydia

Who Can Get Chlamydia? How Do You Know If They’re Infected?

You can get tested for chlamydia even if you dont have any symptoms.

Getting tested for chlamydia is easy and doesnt hurt. A healthcare professional will ask for a urine sample and/or take a swab from the area that might be infected. This is usually the lower part of the womb or the vagina for women, and the tip of the penis for men. If youve had anal or oral sex, you may have a swab taken from your anus or throat.

In some countries you can get a self-testing kit to do at home.

If you test positive for chlamydia, its important to tell any recent sexual partner/s so they can also get tested, and treated if necessary. If you need advice about how to do this, speak to your healthcare professional. You should also test for other STIs.

Chlamydia Symptoms & Treatment

FAST FACTS

  • Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that is normally passed on through sex without a condom or sharing sex toys with someone who has the infection.
  • Using male or female condoms and dental dams during sex will help to protect you from getting chlamydia.
  • Chlamydia is often symptomless however if left untreated it can lead to long-term health problems.
  • Chlamydia is easily treated with antibiotics.
  • Chlamydia can be passed on from mother to child during pregnancy, so its important for pregnant women to get tested.

What Happens During A Chlamydia Test

If you are a woman, your health care provider will use a small brush or swab to take a sample of cells from your vagina for testing. You may also be offered the option of testing yourself at home using a test kit. Ask your provider for recommendations on which kit to use. If you do the test at home, be sure to follow all the directions carefully.

If you’re a man, your health care provider may use a swab to take a sample from your urethra, but it is more likely that a urine test for chlamydia will be recommended. Urine tests can also be used for women. During a urine test, you will be instructed to provide a clean catch sample.

The clean catch method generally includes the following steps:

  • Wash your hands.
  • Clean your genital area with a cleansing pad given to you by your provider. Men should wipe the tip of their penis. Women should open their labia and clean from front to back.
  • Start to urinate into the toilet.
  • Move the collection container under your urine stream.
  • Collect at least an ounce or two of urine into the container, which should have markings to indicate the amounts.
  • Finish urinating into the toilet.
  • Return the sample container as instructed by your health care provider.
  • Also Check: Could I Have Chlamydia For Years And Not Know

    What Happens If You Have Chlamydia For Too Long

    The long-term complications that can result from chlamydia include:

    • Pelvic inflammatory disease, in people with vaginas: The infection could spread upward through your reproductive system and cause permanent damage to your uterus or fallopian tubes. Apart from being very painful, pelvic inflammatory disease can also make it difficult for you to conceive, or result in pregnancies outside the womb, which can be life-threatening. Chlamydia doesn’t usually cause infertility in people with penises.
    • Pregnancy complications, if you are already pregnant: Chlamydia could cause your baby to arrive early. It could also cause pneumonia and conjunctivitis in your newborn.
    • HIV: Having chlamydia can raise your risk of getting HIV.
    • Reactive arthritis: The chlamydia infection can trigger an arthritic reaction in your body.

    It’s important to note that while antibiotic medication can treat the infection and its symptoms, it cannot undo any of the other damage the infection has caused.

    How Often Should I Get Checked For Chlamydia

    How to recognize and treat Chlamydia trachomatis

    Sexual health check-ups are recommended for anyone who is sexually active. Frequency of testing also depends on your STI risk:

    • An annual sexual health check-up is highly recommended if you are sexually active especially if you are under 25.
    • Get checked more often during the year if you frequently change sexual partners.
    • Remember, you are at greater risk if you have sex without a condom with 1 or multiple sexual partners.

    Also Check: How Long Before Signs Of Chlamydia

    When To Seek Medical Advice

    If you have any symptoms of chlamydia, visit your GP, community contraceptive service or local genitourinary medicine clinic as soon as possible.

    Find a sexual health clinic.

    You should also get tested if you don’t have any symptoms but are concerned you could have a sexually transmitted infection .

    If you’re a woman, sexually active and under 25 in England, it’s recommended that you have a chlamydia test once a year, and when you have sex with new or casual partners.

    If you’re a man, sexually active and under 25 in England, it’s recommended that you have a chlamydia test once a year if you are not using condoms with new or casual partners.

    Read more about chlamydia diagnosis.

    How Do You Know If You Have Chlamydia

    There are few of the diseases you cannot do much about and you cannot be that much careful about them, but awareness plays a key role and enables the people to be familiar of it. However, due to the vast number of diseases diagnosed during the last decade, there is a lot of fear going around the world which ask you to be a lot careful of. Chlamydia can affect any individual who is sexually active. In most cases, this disease occurs in teenagers and young adults who tend to have multiple sex partners or get involved with a new partner and do not use any protection during sexual intercourse. Chlamydia is a standout amongst the most widely recognized sexually transmitted infections in excess of 50 million cases happen worldwide and roughly three million cases happen in the United States every year.

    Approximately 75% of females and around 50% of males tend to have no telltale signs of this disease. Most people with this infection do not even know that they are contagious and do not even seek a physician consultation. This gives a further boom to this disease and it keeps on going increasingly, which affects the person in a longer run. This gives on the off chance that guys have manifestation they may incorporate urethritis and release from the penis in little or direct sums. On the off chance that females have side effects, they may incorporate vaginal release and painful urination.

    Recommended Reading: How Do You Test For Oral Chlamydia

    Chlamydia Can Lead To Infertility

    A lot of us don’t realize that some sexually transmitted diseases can cause no symptoms, meaning you could have an STD and not know it. And some STDs can silently lead to infertility, ectopic pregnancy, or chronic pelvic pain.

    Chlamydia is one of those diseases. CDC estimates that more than 2.8 million people are infected each year.

    Chlamydia is most common in sexually active young adults. More than half of all infections involve people ages 18 to 24. You can get chlamydia during oral, vaginal, or anal sexual contact with an infected partner. The disease can cause penile discharge in men and infertility in women. It can also cause serious health problems in newborn babies of infected mothers.

    Many women, and some men, are infected with chlamydia but don’t know it. Even without symptoms, the disease can cause complications, particularly infertility. The longer the infection is untreated, the more damage that can be done.

    If symptoms do show up, they usually occur within weeks of exposure. Men and women may face painful urination, an abnormal discharge from the urethra, or both. Women also may have abdominal pain, bleeding, and an abnormal discharge from the vagina. Symptoms usually appear within one to three weeks after being infected and may be very mild.

    In pregnant women, chlamydia can cause premature delivery, the CDC says. A child born to an infected woman can develop an infection in their eyes and respiratory tracts.

    Recognizing The Symptoms In The Genital Region

    5 Things Your Doctor Needs You To Know About Chlamydia
  • 1Look for unusual discharge from the penis. This discharge may look watery and clear, or milky, cloudy, and yellow-white like pus.XTrustworthy SourceCenters for Disease Control and PreventionMain public health institute for the US, run by the Dept. of Health and Human ServicesGo to source However, the discharge is usually clear, and often only present if the urethra is milked.XTrustworthy SourcePubMed CentralJournal archive from the U.S. National Institutes of HealthGo to source
  • 2Note any burning sensation when urinating. This is another common sign that you may have contracted chlamydia.XResearch source
  • 3See if you feel burning or itching on or around the opening of the penis. This sensation will be noticeable and unpleasant. It may even wake you up at night.XResearch source
  • 4Look for pain or swelling in one or both testicles or the scrotum. You may also feel this pain around but not actually in your testicles.XTrustworthy SourceCenters for Disease Control and PreventionMain public health institute for the US, run by the Dept. of Health and Human ServicesGo to source
  • 5Discuss rectal pain, bleeding, or discharge with a physician. Pain or discharge from the rectum is also associated with chlamydia. Your infection may be based in the rectum or could have spread from the penis.XTrustworthy SourceCenters for Disease Control and PreventionMain public health institute for the US, run by the Dept. of Health and Human ServicesGo to source
  • Read Also: Can Chlamydia Be Cured Without Treatment

    What About Treatment For Chlamydia

    • If a sexual partner has Chlamydia then its best to assume you have it too and get treated as soon as possible.
    • You can get treatment from a doctor or sexual health clinic.
    • Its vital you tell any other sexual partners so that they can take appropriate action. If youre not comfortable making direct contact, its possible to do so anonymously at www.letthemknow.org.au

    Article Resources

    Letting Partners Know You Have Chlamydia

    Sexual partners may be infected too. If you have chlamydia, anyone you have had sex with from the last 6 months needs to be informed, tested and treated.

    If they dont know, they could reinfect you or infect someone else if they are not treated. dont receive treatment.

    Most people will appreciate being told they may have an infection and it is an important step in preventing further infection in the community.

    Your local GP and sexual health centre can help you inform your partners and let them know that they need a test. This process is called partner notification. It can be done anonymously, and your confidentiality is always respected.

    You can also anonymously notify your sexual partners of the need to get tested and treated for chlamydia via the Let Them Know website if you feel unable to speak to them personally.

    There are also nurses who can help you anonymously notify your partners. They can be contacted on .

    Recommended Reading: How Long Do Chlamydia And Gonorrhea Tests Take

    What Happens If A Man Doesnt Treat His Chlamydia

    If chlamydia is left untreated, it can become a more severe infection. Its also possible for it to have long term effects, including on fertility.

    Chlamydia can affect the whole of the male reproductive system, causing inflammation in the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles, as well as the testicles themselves and the prostate gland. If this inflammation isnt treated, it may lead to scarring, which can have an effect on fertility.

    There have also been some studies that suggest the infection itself can affect sperm being produced properly, but the evidence around this isnt conclusive at the moment.

    Chlamydia can also cause a condition called reactive arthritis. This is when there is inflammation that affects the eyes, joints, and the urethra . The knees, feet, toes, hips, and ankles are also commonly affected. Its unclear exactly why this happens, but it may be related to the body overreacting to the infection. The symptoms can take months to recover, and you should treat this with anti-inflammatory medicines.

    Treating chlamydia is also very important because it can easily be passed on to other partners, even if you dont have symptoms.

    You Can Get Chlamydia More Than Once

    How To Tell If You Have Chlamydia

    With some diseases, having one infection makes you immune to future infections. That’s not the case with chlamydia. If you engage in sexual activity with a person who has a chlamydia infection, you can get it again, even if you’ve just completed treatment for it.

    “Both partners should be treated before reinitiating sexual intercourse to prevent relapse,” Schaffir says.

    Also Check: Home Remedies To Cure Chlamydia

    How Does Chlamydia Spread

    Chlamydia is spread when a person has unprotected sex with an infected person.

    Because chlamydial infection often has no symptoms, many people do not realise they have the infection.

    Even if you know a person well, you may not be able to tell they have an STI, because people can look healthy and still have chlamydia.

    Remember, you can get chlamydia and other STIs from a new sexual partner who has in the past had sex with someone who is infected.

    It can also be spread from a long-term partner who has had sex with other people.

    Home Remedies For Chlamydia

    Chlamydia is caused by a bacterial infection. The only true cure for this type of infection is antibiotics.

    But some alternative treatments may help ease symptoms. Its important to remember that untreated chlamydia can lead to long-term complications, including fertility problems and chronic inflammation.

    Home remedies for chlamydia that may be effective include:

    • Goldenseal.This medicinal plant may limit symptoms during an infection by reducing inflammation.
    • Echinacea. This plant has been widely used to boost the immune system in order to help people overcome infections of many types, from the common cold to skin wounds. It may help reduce symptoms of chlamydia.

    Although compounds in these plants might help to ease inflammation and infection in general, there arent any quality studies that show theyre effective specifically for chlamydia symptoms.

    Read Also: What Can Cause Chlamydia To Come Back

    Can You Prevent Chlamydia

    You can lower your risk of getting chlamydia and other STIs by:

    • using a condom every time you have vaginal, oral or anal sex
    • not having sex with someone with chlamydia, even with a condom, until theyve finished treatment and 1 week has passed since their last dose of antibiotics
    • regularly getting tested for STIs, especially if you are under 30 and sexually active

    Remember that most people with chlamydia dont show any symptoms and dont know they have it, so feeling ‘well’ does not mean that you or your partner are not infected. If in doubt, get tested.

    If you have chlamydia, you can help reduce the spread by letting your recent sexual partners know so they can get tested and treated.

    How Is Chlamydia Treated

    Chlamydia – Everything You Need To Know

    Chlamydia is treated with antibiotics. The same antibiotics a doctor prescribes to treat chlamydia in the groin may also be prescribed to treat chlamydia in the throat.

    Avoid oral sex or intercourse for at least 7 days if youre taking a one-time antibiotic dose. If you take a longer course, you should wait until youve taken all your medication before having sex again.

    If youve been treated for chlamydia before, you can get it again. Treatments also can stop complications you may have already experienced due to chlamydia.

    After treatment, its a good idea to always have protected sex to avoid contracting a new infection.

    CDC , having chlamydia in the throat might increase the risk for getting HIV.

    Having chlamydia in the throat can make you more vulnerable to other infections. Your body is so busy fighting off the chlamydia bacteria, it doesnt fend off other infections as effectively. This can cause problems such as mouth infections, tooth loss, gum disease, and dental pain.

    Risks of untreated chlamydia infections

    • increased risks for ectopic pregnancy
    • increased risks for preterm delivery in pregnant women
    • inflammation of the upper genital tract
    • pelvic inflammatory disease, a condition that affects fertility pelvic pain
    • perihepatitis, an inflammation in the capsule that surrounds the liver
    • reactive arthritis, a form of inflammatory arthritis

    Also Check: What Happens When You Get Chlamydia

    Is There Anything Else I Need To Know About A Chlamydia Test

    Chlamydia testing enables diagnosis and treatment of the infection before it can cause serious health problems. If you are at risk for chlamydia due to your age and/or lifestyle, talk to your health care provider about getting tested.

    You can also take steps to prevent getting infected with chlamydia The best way to prevent chlamydia or any sexually transmitted disease is to not have vaginal, anal or oral sex. If you are sexually active, you can reduce your risk of infection by:

    • Being in a long-term relationship with one partner who has tested negative for STDs
    • Using condoms correctly every time you have sex

    Know Your Sexual Health Status

    If you have recently changed sexual partners, or have multiple sex partners, getting regularly tested for STIs will tell you if you have an infection. Some people can have an STI and not have any symptoms. Finding and treating an STI reduces the chances of passing infections on to your partner.

    The more partners you have, the higher your chances of getting exposed to STIs.

    Also Check: How To Get A Chlamydia Prescription

    What Are The Symptoms Of Chlamydia

    It may be difficult to actually know if you have contracted chlamydia because most people do not have any symptoms at all. The suspicion may only be raised if there has been a known contact with chlamydia or from testing after unprotected sex. It is important that you get tested if you suspect you have chlamydia because there are treatments available and if left untreated it can have serious short-term and long-term effects.

    In the short term after infection, some people may experience unusual vaginal or rectal discharge, which is described as yellow or milky white. This is because the chlamydia bacteria infects the cells in the vagina and rectum, stimulating mucous secretion. These secretions combine with dead infected cells to produce discharge.

    A white discharge may also be caused by vaginal thrush, however, but this is usually curd-like, often odourless, or smells like bread or yeast. It is also often associated with vaginal itching or redness.

    A green, rather than yellow discharge, along with a foul smelling odour, may be due to other sexually transmitted diseases such as trichomoniasis.2 A grey-white watery vaginal discharge that has a strong fishy smell may be due to bacterial vaginosis, which is caused by a disruption of the balance of normal vaginal bacteria.3 So, the difference in colour and smell of the vaginal discharge may differentiate between whether it is likely to be caused by chlamydia or not.

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