Treatment Adherence And Safety
In the azithromycin group, two participants vomited azithromycin within 1 hour after taking it, and a second dose was administered successfully. In the doxycycline group, 77% of participants received 14 doses because of the logistic challenges inherent in conducting the study in youth correctional facilities, 2% of participants received 11 doses, 3% received 12 doses, 12% received 13 doses, 6% received 15 doses, and 1% received 16 doses. No participants were excluded from the per-protocol population because they received an insufficient number of doxycycline doses. Adverse events were reported by 23% of the participants in the azithromycin group and by 27% of the participants in the doxycycline group the most common adverse events reported in both groups were gastrointestinal symptoms. No severe or serious adverse events occurred, and no participants discontinued participation in the study because of an adverse event.
Warnings For Other Groups
For pregnant women: There are no adequate studies on the use of doxycycline in pregnant women.
Talk to your doctor if youre pregnant or planning to become pregnant. Ask your doctor to tell you about the specific risk to the pregnancy. This drug should only be used if the potential risk to the pregnancy is acceptable given the drugs potential benefit. Call your doctor right away if you become pregnant while taking this drug.
For women who are breastfeeding: Doxycycline passes into breast milk and may cause side effects in a child who is breastfed. Talk to your doctor if you breastfeed your child. You may need to decide whether to stop breastfeeding or stop taking this medication.
For seniors: The kidneys of older adults may not work as well as they used to. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. This raises your risk of side effects.
For children: This drug may cause tooth discoloration at the time teeth are developing.
This drug should not be used in children who are 8 years of age or younger unless the potential benefit outweighs the risk. In these children, its use is recommended for the treatment of severe or life-threatening conditions such as anthrax or Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and when no other treatments are available or have been shown to work.
- how severe your condition is
- other medical conditions you have
- how you react to the first dose
Will I Need To Go Back To The Clinic
If you take your antibiotics correctly, you may not need to return to the clinic.
However, you will be advised to go back for another chlamydia test if:
- you had sex before you and your partner finished treatment
- you forgot to take your medication or didn’t take it properly
- your symptoms don’t go away
- you’re pregnant
If you’re under 25 years of age, you should be offered a repeat test for chlamydia 3 to 6 months after finishing your treatment because you’re at a higher risk of catching it again.
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Whats The Fastest Way To Get Rid Of Chlamydia
The main treatment for chlamydia is antibiotics. Azithromycin and doxycycline are the two prescription medications used to treat chlamydia, they will get rid of it the fastest.
Taking these antibiotics properly can completely cure chlamydia in about 1 week. Treatment might involve taking a single pill, or it might involve taking medicine for a whole week.
No matter what, make sure you take all the pills your doctor prescribes. Otherwise the infection might come back.
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What Are The Side Effects Of Chlamydia Treatment
All medicines have side effects. But many people dont feel the side effects, or they are able to deal with them. Ask your pharmacist about the side effects of each medicine you take. Side effects are also listed in the information that comes with your medicine.
Here are some important things to think about:
1. Usually the benefits of the medicine are more important than any minor side effects.
2. Side effects may go away after you take the medicine for a while.
3. If side effects still bother you and you wonder if you should keep taking the medicine, call your doctor. He or she may be able to lower your dose or change your medicine. Do not suddenly quit taking your medicine unless your doctor tells you to.
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When To See A Doctor
Severe skin rashes could occur as a side effect of using amoxicillin
Before using amoxicillin, ensure you have consulted your doctor to get a recommended course of treatment. In addition, while using amoxicillin, you should inform your doctor immediately if you notice any severe side effects. Some side effects include dark urine or pale poo, prolonged diarrhea, skin rash, and unusual skin discoloration.
What Antibiotics Do You Get For Chlamydia
Chlamydia is one of the most common STDs. It can be treated easily if caught early. Some of the most recommended antibiotics used to treat chlamydia are azithromycin and doxycycline. Azithromycin is typically given as 2 tablets one time while doxycycline is given as 2 capsules a day for 7 days. These antibiotics are most effective if both partners have received treatment and have taken their prescription as directed.
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Infant Pneumonia Caused By C Trachomatis
Chlamydial pneumonia among infants typically occurs at age 13 months and is a subacute pneumonia. Characteristic signs of chlamydial pneumonia among infants include a repetitive staccato cough with tachypnea and hyperinflation and bilateral diffuse infiltrates on a chest radiograph. In addition, peripheral eosinophilia occurs frequently. Because clinical presentations differ, all infants aged 13 months suspected of having pneumonia, especially those whose mothers have a history of, are at risk for , or suspected of having a chlamydial infection should be tested for C. trachomatis and treated if infected.
Specimens for chlamydial testing should be collected from the nasopharynx. Tissue culture is the definitive standard diagnostic test for chlamydial pneumonia. Nonculture tests can be used. DFA is the only nonculture FDA-cleared test for detecting C. trachomatis from nasopharyngeal specimens however, DFA of nasopharyngeal specimens has a lower sensitivity and specificity than culture. NAATs are not cleared by FDA for detecting chlamydia from nasopharyngeal specimens, and clinical laboratories should verify the procedure according to CLIA regulations . Tracheal aspirates and lung biopsy specimens, if collected, should be tested for C. trachomatis.
Erythromycin base or ethylsuccinate 50 mg/kg body weight/day orally divided into 4 doses daily for 14 days
Azithromycin suspension20 mg/kg body weight/day orally, 1 dose daily for 3 days
How Do I Know If I Have Chlamydia
Most people who have chlamydia have no symptoms. If you do have symptoms, they may not appear until several weeks after you have sex with an infected partner. Even when chlamydia causes no symptoms, it can damage your reproductive system.
Women with symptoms may notice
- An abnormal vaginal discharge
- A burning sensation when urinating.
Symptoms in men can include
- A burning sensation when urinating
- Pain and swelling in one or both testicles .
You should be examined by your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms or if your partner has an STD or symptoms of an STD. STD symptoms can include an unusual sore, a smelly discharge, burning when urinating, or bleeding between periods.
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What Forms Of Chlamydia Are There
There are three forms of Chlamydia:
- Chlamydia transmitted by unprotected sexual contact.
- Perinatal Chlamydia is transmitted at birth from the infected mother to the child.
- LGV caused by a particular Chlamydia bacterium. This condition is rare in Europe and occurs mainly in tropical areas such as Africa, South Asia and the Caribbean islands. In the UK, however, there has been an increase in LGV infection among men who have unprotected sexual contact with one another over the past 10 years.
Can Chlamydia Become Resistant To Amoxicillin
Chlamydia in pregnant women can still be treated with amoxicillin. However, bacteria in the body can become resistant if you indiscriminately use antibiotics without a prescription from a certified healthcare provider.
There are few documented instances of Chlamydia resistance to antibiotics and no cases of natural and consistent antibiotic resistance in humans.
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Chlamydial Infection Among Adolescents And Adults
Chlamydial infection is the most frequently reported bacterial infectious disease in the United States, and prevalence is highest among persons aged 24 years . Multiple sequelae can result from C. trachomatis infection among women, the most serious of which include PID, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility. Certain women who receive a diagnosis of uncomplicated cervical infection already have subclinical upper genital tract infection.
Asymptomatic infection is common among both men and women. To detect chlamydial infection, health care providers frequently rely on screening tests. Annual screening of all sexually active women aged < 25 years is recommended, as is screening of older women at increased risk for infection . In a community-based cohort of female college students, incident chlamydial infection was also associated with BV and high-risk HPV infection . Although chlamydia incidence might be higher among certain women aged 25 years in certain communities, overall, the largest proportion of infection is among women aged < 25 years .
When Should I Get Tested
DonÃÂ¢t delay getting tested if you think you might have chlamydia. Being diagnosed and treated as soon as possible will reduce your risk of developing any serious complications of chlamydia.
You can get a chlamydia test at any time although you might be advised to repeat the test later on if you have it less than 2 weeks since you had sex because the infection might not always be found in the early stages.
You should consider getting tested for chlamydia if:
- you think you could have a sexually transmitted infection
- a sexual partner tells you they have an STI
- youÃÂ¢re pregnant or planning a pregnancy
- youÃÂ¢re offered a chlamydia test as part of the NCSP
If you live in England, youÃÂ¢re a woman under 25 and sexually active, itÃÂ¢s recommended that you have a chlamydia test once a year, and when you have sex with new or casual partners.
If you live in England, youÃÂ¢re a man under 25 and sexually active, itÃÂ¢s recommended that you have a chlamydia test once a year if you are not using condoms with new or casual partners.
If you have chlamydia, you may be offered another test 3 to 6 months after being treated. This is because young adults who test positive for chlamydia are at increased risk of catching it again.
Azithromycin May Cause Side Effects Tell Your Doctor If Any Of These Symptoms Are Severe Or Do Not Go Away:
- unusual muscle weakness or difficulty with muscle control
- pink and swollen eyes
Azithromycin may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medication.
If you experience a serious side effect, you or your doctor may send a report to the Food and Drug Administration’s MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online or by phone .
Outcomes And Populations Used For Analyses
The primary outcome was treatment failure at the first follow-up, which was defined as a positive test for chlamydia and concordant C. trachomatis strains at baseline and follow-up if genotyping was unsuccessful , participants could not have had unsupervised furloughs and could not have had sex between enrollment and the follow-up. Participants with discordant strains were presumed to have new infections and were not considered to have treatment failure. The secondary outcomes included treatment efficacy based on the results of tests from both follow-up visits, as well as safety.
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Getting Treated For Chlamydia And Often Gonorrhea
If you have your own doctor, he will prescribe the antibiotics you need to treat chlamydia. If you dont have your own doctor, you can often find free or low-cost care at either a Planned Parenthood site or a community health clinic.
Listen carefully to the instructions for taking the medicine that you are given by the doctor or other healthcare provider, and follow them closely.
Ask questions if you dont understand something. Also, if you have other questions as you take your medicine, you can always call the pharmacist for help. They are often easier to reach than the doctor.
If you test positive for chlamydia, your healthcare provider is likely to also recommend that you be treated for gonorrhea. This is because the cost of treating gonorrhea is less than the cost of testing for the infection.
How Will I Know If The Chlamydia Has Affected My Fertility
Chlamydia is just one of many factors that can affect your fertility. Most people whove had chlamydia wont become infertile or have an ectopic pregnancy . If youve had chlamydia you wont normally be offered any routine tests to see if youre fertile unless you or a partner are having difficulty getting pregnant. If youre concerned, talk to your doctor or practice nurse.
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Warnings For People With Certain Health Conditions
For women of childbearing age who are overweight: You have a higher risk of high blood pressure inside of your skull from this drug. Ask your doctor if this drug is right for you.
For people with a history of intracranial hypertension:You have a higher risk of high blood pressure inside of your skull from this drug. Ask your doctor if this drug is right for you.
Does Azithromycin Cure Chlamydia
Cure rates of 97% were reported in an analysis of 12 randomized clinical trials that investigated the use of azithromycin 1 gram for the treatment of chlamydia. That means for every 100 people with chlamydia who take azithromycin, 97 will be cured and 3 will not be cured.
This relies on the person with chlamydia taking azithromycin exactly as directed and not sharing the medication with anyone. Any sexual partners must be also treated.
Although azithromycin cures chlamydia in most people, it will not repair any permanent damage done to tissues by the disease.
If you have been symptomatic with chlamydia before treatment and your symptoms continue for more than a few days after receiving treatment, then ask to be re-evaluated by your health care provider.
Unfortunately, repeat infection with chlamydia is common. This means that even though azithromycin has cured your current infection with chlamydia, this does not mean you will not get chlamydia again. If your sexual partners have not been appropriately treated, you are at high-risk for reinfection. Having chlamydia multiple times puts women at high risk of fertility problems, ectopic pregnancy, and pelvic inflammatory disease. Infants born to mothers who are infected with chlamydia may develop chlamydial conjunctivitis and/or pneumonia. Chlamydial infection in infants can be treated with antibiotics.
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Buy Chlamydia Antibiotics Treatment
Rarely serious side effects may appear and you should stop the medication and see your doctor straight away if you experience any of the symptoms of an allergic reaction, rather than mild side effects. Compounds within the medicine formulation such as sulphur dioxide may also cause an allergic reaction. If you are or think that you may be allergic to Azithromycin then this medication should be stopped and you may be prescribed another antibiotic such as Doxycycline instead.
Drugs That You Should Not Use With Doxycycline
Do not use these drugs with doxycycline. Doing so can cause dangerous effects in your body. Examples of these drugs include:
- Penicillin. Doxycycline may interfere with how penicillin kills bacteria.
- Isotretinoin. Taking isotretinoin and doxycycline together can increase your risk of intracranial hypertension.
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Follow Up With Your Doctor As Directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.
Chlamydial Infection Among Neonates
Prenatal screening and treatment of pregnant women is the best method for preventing chlamydial infection among neonates. C. trachomatis infection of neonates results from perinatal exposure to the mothers infected cervix. Initial C. trachomatis neonatal infection involves the mucous membranes of the eye, oropharynx, urogenital tract, and rectum, although infection might be asymptomatic in these locations. Instead, C. trachomatis infection among neonates is most frequently recognized by conjunctivitis that develops 512 days after birth. C. trachomatis also can cause a subacute, afebrile pneumonia with onset at ages 13 months. Although C. trachomatis has been the most frequent identifiable infectious cause of ophthalmia neonatorum, neonatal chlamydial infections, including ophthalmia and pneumonia, have occurred less frequently since institution of widespread prenatal screening and treatment of pregnant women. Neonates born to mothers at high risk for chlamydial infection, with untreated chlamydia, or with no or unconfirmed prenatal care, are at high risk for infection. However, presumptive treatment of the neonate is not indicated because the efficacy of such treatment is unknown. Infants should be monitored to ensure prompt and age-appropriate treatment if symptoms develop. Processes should be in place to ensure communication between physicians and others caring for the mother and the newborn to ensure thorough monitoring of the newborn after birth.
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Parents Have A Role In Chlamydia Prevention
Parents can do two main things to help their kids avoid getting chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections , says Dombrowski. These two things are:
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