Saturday, July 2, 2022
HomeNewsWhat Is Chlamydia In Women

What Is Chlamydia In Women

How Long Can You Have Chlamydia Without Knowing

Chlamydia and fertility

Chlamydia is sometimes called a silent infection because the majority of people who have chlamydia regardless of gender never notice symptoms. People who do notice symptoms often dont recognize the signs that they have chlamydia until a few weeks after theyve been infected. Because chlamydia cases are often asymptomatic, its easy to spread chlamydia to someone else without realizing it. And its easy to miss out on receiving the treatment needed to prevent the serious complications that can result from chlamydia.

Chlamydia Symptoms In Females

Chlamydia symptoms in females are rare. Roughly 7 in 10 women dont experience any symptoms. The infection may be asymptomatic, meaning that people dont know they have it.

If signs and symptoms occur, they usually happen one to three weeks after the exposure, but could start much later. The symptoms are often mild and passing, and easy to overlook.

Some of the potential signs and symptoms of chlamydia include:

  • lower abdominal pain

Can You Get Pregnant If You Have Chlamydia

Sexual health plays an important role in fertility. Many STDs can cause scarring and inflammation, making it more difficult to conceive, even after the infection has been treated.

In the case of chlamydia, the infection can damage your reproductive health, if left untreated. The bacteria can cause PID which can do permanent damage to your reproductive system. PID can lead to inflammation, scarring, and blockage in your reproductive organs. In some cases, it can also cause ectopic pregnancy which can be deadly if the pregnancy isnt removed in time.

Also Check: Which Antibiotics Treat Gonorrhea And Chlamydia

Enhancing Healthcare Team Outcomes

In the United States and other developed countries, the prevention of sexually transmitted genital infections and complications mainly focuses on screening and treating nonpregnant sexually active women aged 25 years or younger on an annual basis. Screening for pregnant women is recommended, and screening and treatment of women over 25 years of age are recommendations if there are identifiable risk factors, such as new or multiple sexual partners. Screening of young men in high-risk settings should be a consideration if resources allow. Urine or endocervical NAAT are the recommended screening tests. The partner should be screened and treated at the same time.

Healthcare workers and nurse practitioners should educate patients on the importance of using a condom during sex, practicing safe sex or abstaining from sexual activity to prevent chlamydia.

Pharmacists should verify dosing and agent selection for antimicrobial therapy, check for drug interactions, and report any concerns to the prescriber.

The prognosis is excellent with prompt initiation of treatment early, and with the completion of the entire course of antibiotics, antibiotic treatment is 95% effective for first-time therapy.

No vaccine is currently available for either trachoma or chlamydial genital infections.

What Do Std Discharges Look Like

Chlamydia Symptoms, Pictures, Treatment

Your discharge is an excellent indicator of your vaginal or penile health. If you notice any changes to your discharges normal consistency, smell, color, or overall appearance, this change may indicate an underlying health issue, such as an STD.

If youre wondering, What does STD discharge look like? read on to learn everything you need to know about vaginal or penile STI discharge.

Chlamydia is transmitted primarily through sexual activity. The following are the most common ways:

  • unprotected intercourse with an infected partner
  • oral sex, although a less common cause of infection as bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis targets the genital area rather than the throat. Although it is possible theoretically, the cases of infestation from mouth-to-penis and penis-to-mouth contact are rare
  • vagina, cervix, anus, penis or mouth contacting infected secretions or fluids which means that contraction can occur even if the penis or tongue does not enter the vagina or anus
  • bacteria can travel from the vaginal area to the anus or rectum of women while wiping with toilet paper
  • sharing sex toys
  • from mother to the newborn during vaginal childbirth through the infected birth channel
  • infection can be transferred on fingers from the genitals to other parts of the body

Chlamydia is not contracted through simple kissing, handshaking, any casual contacts, sharing baths, towels and cups as well as from toilet seats.

Read Also: What Medicine You Take For Chlamydia

How Long Will It Take For It To Appear In An Exam

There are many tests your physician may perform to determine if you have Chlamydia.

  • Urine test. Youll be able to pee in a cup and send to a laboratory testing facility to determine whether there is any chlamydia bacterium detected in your urine..
  • Blood test. Your doctor will utilize a sterilized needle to collect a small amount of your blood and then send it to a lab to determine if antibodies against the Chlamydia bacterium are present in your bloodstream of you.
  • Swab. Your doctor will make use of a cotton round or stick to collect small amounts of contaminate fluid or tissue to test it in laboratory for a culture so that lab personnel can determine what kind of bacteria develops in the sample.

The time it takes to reveal the results will depend on the test you take and the particular health insurance policy.

  • Urine tests can take between 2-5 days to reveal either a positive or negative result.
  • Blood tests may provide results within just a couple of minutes if the blood is tested on-site. However, they may take weeks or longer in the event of sending it to a lab that is not on site.
  • Swab results will take 2-3 days to determine whether they are positive or negative.

What Other Problems Can Chlamydia Cause

In women, an untreated infection can spread to your uterus and fallopian tubes, causing pelvic inflammatory disease . PID can cause permanent damage to your reproductive system. This can lead to long-term pelvic pain, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy. Women who have had chlamydia infections more than once are at higher risk of serious reproductive health complications.

Men often don’t have health problems from chlamydia. Sometimes it can infect the epididymis . This can cause pain, fever, and, rarely, infertility.

Both men and women can develop reactive arthritis because of a chlamydia infection. Reactive arthritis is a type of arthritis that happens as a “reaction” to an infection in the body.

Babies born to infected mothers can get eye infections and pneumonia from chlamydia. It may also make it more likely for your baby to be born too early.

Untreated chlamydia may also increase your chances of getting or giving HIV/AIDS.

Also Check: Does Chlamydia Always Get Passed On

Who Is At Risk For Chlamydia

Any sexually active person can be infected with chlamydia. It is a very common STD, especially among young people.3 It is estimated that 1 in 20 sexually active young women aged 14-24 years has chlamydia.5

Sexually active young people are at high risk of acquiring chlamydia for a combination of behavioral, biological, and cultural reasons. Some young people dont use condoms consistently.15 Some adolescents may move from one monogamous relationship to the next more rapidly than the likely infectivity period of chlamydia, thus increasing risk of transmission.16 Teenage girls and young women may have cervical ectopy .17 Cervical ectopy may increase susceptibility to chlamydial infection. The higher prevalence of chlamydia among young people also may reflect multiple barriers to accessing STD prevention services, such as lack of transportation, cost, and perceived stigma.16-20

Men who have sex with men are also at risk for chlamydial infection since chlamydia can be transmitted by oral or anal sex. Among MSM screened for rectal chlamydial infection, positivity has ranged from 3.0% to 10.5%.6.7 Among MSM screened for pharyngeal chlamydial infection, positivity has ranged from 0.5% to 2.3%.7.8

How Do You Know When Chlamydia Is Gone

What Is Chlamydia Symptoms and Treatment

Improvement should occur right after receiving treatment. Some of the changes that you might notice include:

  • Pain while urinating will improve within a week.
  • Discharge will return to normal.
  • There wont be bleeding between periods or heavier periods.
  • Pelvic pain will fade away.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse will decrease.

To prevent yourself from catching it again, get re-tested three months after treatment. This is essential if you engage in sexual intercourse with a partner who hasnt been tested for chlamydia.

Read Also: How Do You Know If Chlamydia Is Gone

How Long Does A Chlamydia Test Take

Once the samples have been collected, they are sent to a lab for testing. The time it takes to process the sample can vary. If youâre getting tested via your healthcare providerâs office, you can generally expect to get results within 7 to 10 days after the sample collection.

On the other hand, if you are using the Everlywell at-home chlamydia test, youâll receive secure, online results just a few days after the lab receives your sample.

Most experts suggest that it can take up to 14 days following initial exposure with an infected sex partner for this bacterial infection to show any symptoms. For this reason, if your sex partner has recently tested positive but you receive negative results from your test, you may be advised to repeat the test if it has been less than two weeks since you last had sexual intercourse. This is because the infection may still be in its early stages when it is more difficult to identify.

Causes And Symptoms Of Chlamydia

40 to 70% of people infected with chlamydia show no symptoms at all. Even in the absence of symptoms, chlamydia is still contagious. Symptoms often appear three to ten days after contact, and they might be intermittent. In some cases, a long period of time can elapse before symptoms are noticed. When no symptoms are present, screening should be undergone around three weeks after a contact that might have been at risk. However, new testing techniques allow for positive results as soon as two days after a contact.

Don’t Miss: Does Chlamydia Have A Cure

Is Azithromycin Better Than Doxycycline At Curing Chlamydia

STD guidelines still favor azithromycin over doxycycline for the treatment of chlamydia. This is because of the following reasons:

  • Cure rates of azithromycin and doxycycline are similar, 97% and 98-100% respectively, according to a meta-analysis of 12 trials.
  • Azithromycin is given as a single dose, doxycycline needs to be given for seven days, either as a once-daily or twice-daily dose.
  • The dose of azithromycin can be easily supervised if need be it is much harder to supervise seven days of once daily or twice daily doxycycline treatment
  • People are more likely to take a single dose of azithromycin than finish a seven-day course of doxycycline.

Recently, some reports have suggested that doxycycline may be more effective than azithromycin, particularly when medication adherence can be assured. There is also some concern that azithromycin may not be as effective for anogenital chlamydial infections.

Recommended Reading: Causes Of Chlamydia In Females

Male Complications Of Untreated Chlamydia

3 Impressive Home Remedies To Cure Chlamydia

Men can also experience complications when chlamydia is left untreated. The epididymis the tube that holds the testicles in place may become inflamed, causing pain. This is known as epididymitis.

The infection can also spread to the prostate gland, causing a fever, painful intercourse, and discomfort in the lower back. Another possible complication is male chlamydial urethritis.

These are just some of the most common complications of untreated chlamydia, which is why its important to get medical attention right away. Most people who get treatment quickly have no long-term medical problems.

Read Also: How To Get Chlamydia Pills

How Do You Test For Male Chlamydia

Early testing and treatment of chlamydia is key. If youve recently had unprotected sex with a new partner, with someone you suspect may be infected or if you just havent been tested for STIs in a while, you should get tested. You can do this at your local GP or GUM clinic, .

Alternatively, you can order a chlamydia test kit from us and take your test at home and further chlamydia treatment if required. Because chlamydia is highly prevalent among 16 to 25 year-olds, chlamydia tests are now offered at most youth clubs and universities too.

Youll need to provide a urine sample you may need to refrain from passing urine for about two hours leading up to the test to get an accurate result. If youve been engaging in oral or anal sex, you should also get a swab test of your rectum or throat.

If you dont have much time or would prefer a home test, you can order a chlamydia test kit from us and have it delivered to your UK address within 48 hours. Your sample will be sent to a lab for analysis and youll be contacted with the result within a few days.

Dont Miss: What Antibiotic Is Used For Chlamydia

How To Treat Oral Chlamydia

Oral chlamydia is treated in the same way as other chlamydia infections: with antibiotics. The CDC recommends:

Alternative treatments include:

  • Azithromycin in a single dose
  • Levofloxacin once a day for seven days

A single dose of azithromycin may be the simplest way to treat chlamydia. However, people have developed resistance to this antibiotic, whereas doxycycline has a nearly 100% cure rate.

After being diagnosed with a chlamydia infection, all sexual partners need to be told and treated as well. You should also refrain from having any sex for seven days after completing treatment.

Chlamydia is easily treated and cured, but you can get chlamydia again. If you are sexually active, it is essential to test for sexually transmitted infections regularly.

Recommended Reading: How Many Pills For Chlamydia

What Does Chlamydia Look Like How Doctors Detect The Presence Of Chlamydia Via Visual Exam And Laboratory Testing

A chlamydial infection is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. It can infect the eyes , the tracts within the genital and urinary tract or the bacterium can infect the outside of the genitals in a rare condition called lymphogranuloma venereum . However, most commonly the bacterium infects the genitourinary tracts. The infection is spread by intimate sexual contact between infected individuals.

For the most part, the infection has no visible symptoms and hence its name the âsilentâ infection. This allows the bacterium to move undetected among individuals who are sexually active. The bacterium infects the epithelial cells that are found in the lining of the reproductive tracts resulting in damage to the reproductive system. As a result, chlamydial infections are one of the leading causes of infertility in both women and men. An infection can also be passed from a pregnant mother to her newborn baby during birth. The newborn baby ends up pneumonia or an ocular infection.

How Does Chlamydia Affect A Pregnant Woman And Her Baby

Chlamydia: Sexually Transmitted Infection Symptoms and Treatment

In pregnant women, untreated chlamydia has been associated with pre-term delivery,34 as well as ophthalmia neonatorum and pneumonia in the newborn. In published prospective studies, chlamydial conjunctivitis has been identified in 18-44% and chlamydial pneumonia in 3-16% of infants born to women with untreated chlamydial cervical infection at the time of delivery.9-12 Neonatal prophylaxis against gonococcal conjunctivitis routinely performed at birth does not effectively prevent chlamydial conjunctivitis.37-39

Screening and treatment of chlamydia in pregnant women is the best method for preventing neonatal chlamydial disease. All pregnant women should be screened for chlamydia at their first prenatal visit. Pregnant women under 25 and those at increased risk for chlamydia should be screened again in their third trimester. Pregnant women with chlamydial infection should be retested 3 weeks and 3 months after completion of recommended therapy.40

Don’t Miss: Can You Still Test Positive For Chlamydia After Treatment

Choose Your Own Path To Protection

myLAB Boxs home testing kits provide all of the benefits of an in-person screening without your ever needing to set foot outside. The only difference is that now you are in total control of where and when you test. Now there are no more excuses!

For some, going to the clinic may be the right choice. For others, at home STD testing is the best method. No matter how you choose to get checked for STDs, it is a critical step in protecting your overall health. Regular screenings empower you to take active control over your body and your love life.

Now that you see how easy it is to screen at home, youll never need to Hmm, where to get tested for STDs near me? again. The answer is right in front of you!

To learn more, check out myLAB Boxs helpful Incubation and Testing Timelines Guide.

How Is Chlamydia Spread

You can get chlamydia by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has chlamydia.

If your sex partner is male you can still get chlamydia even if he does not ejaculate .

If youve had chlamydia and were treated in the past, you can still get infected again. This can happen if you have unprotected sex with someone who has chlamydia.

You May Like: Azithromycin Oral Suspension For Chlamydia

Female Complications Of Untreated Chlamydia

Some women develop PID, an infection that can damage the uterus, cervix, and ovaries. PID is a painful disease that often requires hospital treatment.

Women can also become infertile if chlamydia is left untreated because the fallopian tubes may become scarred.

Pregnant women with the infection can pass the bacteria to their babies during birth, which can cause eye infections and pneumonia in newborns.

Risks Of Chlamydia During Pregnancy

Chlamydia: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

A chlamydia infection during pregnancy can lead to premature birth, low birth weight, fetal death and endometritis. Because this infection can spread to the baby during a vaginal birth, it is important to screen for this infection as a part of routine prenatal testing and to follow treatment as necessary.

Babies who are affected during delivery can develop complications like conjunctivitis or pneumonia. These illnesses can be treated with antibiotics prescribed by the pediatrician.

Don’t Miss: Can I Go To Urgent Care For Chlamydia

RELATED ARTICLES

Most Popular