Wednesday, May 18, 2022
HomeNewsCauses Of Chlamydia In Females

Causes Of Chlamydia In Females

How Often Should I Get Checked For Chlamydia

The Signs & Symptoms Of Chlamydia In Women & Men

Sexual health check-ups are recommended for anyone who is sexually active. Frequency of testing also depends on your STI risk:

  • An annual sexual health check-up is highly recommended if you are sexually active especially if you are under 25.
  • Get checked more often during the year if you frequently change sexual partners.
  • Remember, you are at greater risk if you have sex without a condom with 1 or multiple sexual partners.

Recommended Reading: Can Chlamydia Develop On Its Own

Chlamydia Test For Women

To diagnose the infection, your doctor can use a few different chlamydia tests. Your doctor will likely ask you about your symptoms and why you think you have the infection. When this happens, its important to be as honest as possible.

Your health care provider will probably use a swab to take a sample from the cervix and send it to a lab to be analyzed. If theres a possibility the bacteria is in your throat or anus, these areas may be swabbed as well. Other tests include a chlamydia urine test to check for the presence of the bacteria.

Although many physicians do it, a chlamydia test is not automatically done at the time that a Pap test is done.

For this reason, its important for women, especially sexually active women aged 25 and under, to ask their health care provider whether theyre getting tested for chlamydia every year.

If you think you may have been exposed to an STD, youll have to ask for a screening.

Fortunately, chlamydia is easy to treat. If you suspect that you have it, youll need to:

  • See your health care provider immediately before the infection does damage to your reproductive organs.
  • Listen to your doctor and take all of your medicine. Even if your symptoms go away, you should finish your pills.
  • Tell your sexual partner. They should know about the infection so that they too can be tested and treated.
  • Avoid having sexual intercourse until you and your partner have been cured.

Since chlamydia is a bacteria, your doctor will prescribe you antibiotics.

You Can Get Chlamydia More Than Once

With some diseases, having one infection makes you immune to future infections. That’s not the case with chlamydia. If you engage in sexual activity with a person who has a chlamydia infection, you can get it again, even if you’ve just completed treatment for it.

“Both partners should be treated before reinitiating sexual intercourse to prevent relapse,” Schaffir says.

Read Also: Can You Have Chlamydia Without Symptoms

Burning Sensation When Urinating

Chlamydia can cause a burning sensation when you urinate. Its easy to mistake this for a symptom of a urinary tract infection.

You might also feel like you have the urge to urinate more often than usual. And when you do go to urinate, only a little bit comes out. Your urine might also smell unusual or look cloudy.

If you have chalmydia, you might also feel some pain during sex, especially intercourse.

You may also some bleeding and lingering irritation after any type of sexual activity involving penetration.

How Does One Get Chlamydia

Chlamydia in women symptoms: Is chlamydia curable?

Chlamydia is spread through sexual contact with an infected partner. It can be spread through any type of unprotected sex, including penis in vagina sex, anal sex, and oral sex . An eye infection, conjunctivitis, can also be acquired through contact with genital fluids infected with chlamydia.

A person can also be re-infected with chlamydia after having been treated previously. People donât become immune to chlamydia after theyâve had it once.

Also Check: How Do You Know If A Girl Has Chlamydia

Chlamydia Is Only Contagious From Person To Person

You can only get chlamydia by having intimate sexual contact with an infected person, not from casual contact, touching another persons clothing, or consuming contaminated food or water.

The chlamydia organism lives only in human cells and cannot be transmitted by external contact, such as towels or toilet seats, Schaffir says.

How Do I Test For Chlamydia

You can get tested for chlamydia even if you dont have any symptoms.

Getting tested for chlamydia is easy and doesnt hurt. A healthcare professional will ask for a urine sample and/or take a swab from the area that might be infected. This is usually the lower part of the womb or the vagina for women, and the tip of the penis for men. If youve had anal or oral sex, you may have a swab taken from your anus or throat.

In some countries you can get a self-testing kit to do at home.

If you test positive for chlamydia, its important to tell any recent sexual partner/s so they can also get tested, and treated if necessary. If you need advice about how to do this, speak to your healthcare professional. You should also test for other STIs.

You May Like: How Many Mg Of Azithromycin To Treat Chlamydia

Chlamydia Is Caused By Sexually Transmitted Bacteria

The bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis causes chlamydia infection, which usually occurs in the genital tract, so the cervix in women and the penis in men. In both women and men, the bacteria may also infect the rectum and the throat.

“Infections are spread during any kind of sexual activity: vaginal, anal, or oral intercourse,” says Jonathan Schaffir, MD, an ob-gyn at Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center in Columbus.

Chlamydia trachomatis can also cause conjunctivitis if the bacteria come into contact with the eyelids or the clear membrane covering the white of the eye.

Because chlamydia infections often cause no symptoms, individuals who have one may not seek medical attention or get treated for it. However, anyone who is infected with chlamydia can pass it to other people, who can, in turn, pass it to others.

Scheme Of Treatment Of Chlamydia In Women

Chlamydia Symptoms in Women

In women, chlamydia is treated more difficult and longer. But the complete treatment for chlamydia should be taken by both partners. During the intake of medicines, it is forbidden to have sex, to drink alcohol. At the end of the treatment cycle, control tests are given, in a month â a repeat. Chlamydia disease is considered defeated if no results are found in chlamydia. The attending physician individually selects medicines and draws up the scheme of reception. In addition to antibiotics, there must be drugs that stimulate the immune system and fight with dysbiosis.

  • âSumamedâ.In a mild form, a single dose of 1.0 g is prescribed. When the disease is sluggish, the medicine is taken during the week: the first day is 1.0 g second, third by 0.5 g the fourth â the seventh according to 0.25 g.
  • âMetacyclinâ.In acute chlamydia, 600 mg is prescribed for the first dose, then 300 mg for every 8 hours.
  • âAbaktalâ.At the beginning of the disease take 7 days once a day 600 mg. In chronic form, the course is increased to 12 days.
  • Doxycillin. The first reception is 0.2 g, then every 12 hours for 0.1 g for 1-2 weeks according to the doctorâs instructions.
  • Candles âHexiconâ.10 days in the morning and evening in the vagina.
  • Multivitamins for more than 2 months.
  • Probiotics 2-4 weeks during or after taking antibiotics.

Also Check: How Long Does Chlamydia Last After Treatment

What Are The Treatments For Chlamydia

If you are diagnosed with chlamydia, your doctor will prescribe oral antibiotics. A single dose of azithromycin or taking doxycycline twice daily for 7 to 14 days are the most common treatments and are the same for those with or without HIV.

With treatment, the infection should clear up in about a week. Do not have sex for at least 7 days until you have taken all of your medication, and do not stop taking the antibiotics even if you feel better.

Your doctor will also recommend that your partner be treated as well to prevent reinfection and further spread of the disease.

Women with serious infections, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, may require a longer course of antibiotics or hospitalization for intravenous antibiotics. Some severe pelvic infections may require surgery in addition to antibiotic therapy.

Make sure you get retested after three months to be certain the infection is gone. Do this even if your partner has been treated and appears to be infection free.

What Complications Can Result From Untreated Chlamydia

If untreated, chlamydia infection can progress to serious reproductive and other health problems withboth short-term and long-term consequences. Like the disease itself, the damage that chlamydia causesis often “silent.”

Untreated chlamydia in men typically causes urethral infection. Infection sometimes spreads to theepididymis , causing pain, fever, and, potentially, infertility.

In women, the chlamydia bacteria often infect the cells of the cervix. If not treated, the infectioncan spread into the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause an infection called pelvic inflammatorydisease . This happens in up to 40% of women with untreated chlamydia. PID can cause permanent damageto the fallopian tubes, uterus, and tissues surrounding the ovaries. This damage can lead to chronic pelvicpain, infertility, and potentially fatal ectopic pregnancy .

In pregnant women, there is some evidence that chlamydia infections can lead to premature delivery.Babies who are born when their mothers are infected can get chlamydial infections in their eyes and respiratorytracts. Chlamydia is a leading cause of early infant pneumonia and conjunctivitis in newborns.

Compared to women who do not have chlamydia, women infected with chlamydia may also have higher riskof acquiring HIV infection from an infected partner. Chlamydia can cause proctitis in persons having receptive anal intercourse. The bacterium also can be found inthe throats of women and men having oral sex with an infected male partner.

Don’t Miss: What Are The Signs Of Having Chlamydia

Do I Need To Get Tested For Chlamydia

  • If you are 24 or younger and have sex, you need to get tested for chlamydia. Chlamydia is most common in women between 15 and 24 years old. You need to get tested if you have had any symptoms of chlamydia since your last negative test result or if your sex partner has chlamydia.
  • If you are older than 24, you need to get tested if, in the past year or since your last test, you:
  • Had a new sex partner
  • Had your sex partner tell you they have chlamydia
  • Traded sex for money or drugs
  • Have had chlamydia or another STI in the past
  • Did not use condoms during sex and are in a relationship that is not monogamous, meaning you or your partner has sex with other people

You also need to be tested if you are pregnant or if you have any symptoms of chlamydia.

Chlamydia In The Rectum Throat Or Eyes

Chlamydia pictures

Chlamydia can also infect:

  • the rectum if you have unprotected anal sex this can cause discomfort and discharge from your rectum
  • the throat if you have unprotected oral sex this is uncommon and usually causes no symptoms
  • the eyes if they come into contact with infected semen or vaginal fluid this can cause eye redness, pain and discharge

Also Check: What Is Late Stage Chlamydia

Other Complications Of Untreated Chlamydia In All People

  • Conjunctivitis, spread by touching the infected area and then touching the hand to the eye
  • Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the rectum , if the chlamydia is from anal sex
  • Varied symptoms, such as joint and eye inflammation, caused by bacterial infection
  • Lymphogranuloma venereum, or LGV. This is caused by a type of chlamydia that is usually rare in the United States, but it is becoming more common in men who have sex with men. It causes open sores in the genital area, headache, fever, fatigue, and swelling of the lymph nodes in the groin. It also causes proctitis in people who get chlamydia through anal sex.

What Causes Chlamydia In Women

Chlamydia is a bacterium that causes an infection that is very similar to gonorrhea in the way that it is spread and the symptoms it produces. Like gonorrhea, the chlamydia bacterium is found in the cervix and urethra and can live in the throat or rectum. Both infected men and infected women frequently lack symptoms of chlamydia infection. Thus, these individuals can unknowingly spread the infection to others. Another strain of Chlamydia trachomatis, which can be distinguished in specialized laboratories, causes the STD known as lymphogranuloma venereum, which affects the lymph glands.

    Chlamydia can be detected on material collected by swabbing the cervix during a traditional examination using a speculum, but noninvasive screening tests done on urine or on self-collected vaginal swabs are less expensive and sometimes more acceptable to patients. While culturing of the organism can confirm the diagnosis, this method is limited to research laboratories and forensic investigations. For routine diagnostic use, newer and inexpensive diagnostic tests that depend upon identification and amplification of the genetic material of the organism have replaced the older, time-consuming culture methods.

    Recommended Reading: Does Chlamydia Make You Nauseous

    Symptoms Can Differ For Men And Women

    By and large, most cases of chlamydia are asymptomatic they are picked up by screening, which is why it’s so important to have good screening programs in place, notes Dr. Stoner. Men or women who have chlamydia symptoms may experience painful urination.

    Women may also have these symptoms:

    • Smelly discharge from the cervix
    • Pain during sex

    And men may have these symptoms:

    • Discharge from the penis

    Toxicity And Side Effect Management

    Chlamydia in women: Symptoms, pictures, discharge, photos

    In neonates being treated for chlamydial infection, both azithromycin and erythromycin are associated with a risk of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. This is particularly a concern for infants two weeks old or younger. Parents and physicians should observe infants closely for any signs of intestinal obstruction.

    Don’t Miss: Can I Have Chlamydia Without Discharge

    How Can You Get Rid Of Chlamydia

    If your chlamydia test comes back positive, you may be wondering how to get chlamydia treated. Itâs important to discuss treatment options with your healthcare provider. Most likely, you will be treated for chlamydia with oral antibiotics. With treatment, infections often clear up in one to two weeks.

    Even if your symptoms resolve sooner, however, itâs very important to complete your healthcare providerâs entire course of prescribed antibiotics. Otherwise, the infection may not be completely eliminated and you could be at risk for reinfection. You could also still pass chlamydia to a partner if you donât complete the recommended course of antibiotics.

    Finally, as part of your treatment for chlamydia, connect with any sexual partners you may have unintentionally exposed to this infection. Your healthcare provider may also recommend antibiotics for your partner. This is a key part of chlamydia treatment, since it can help prevent reinfection when you resume sexual intercourse.

    Chlamydia is a potentially harmful infection, but fortunately, itâs easy to test for. Itâs also simple to treat when you have a confirmed diagnosis. The important thing is stay informed and know your statusâsomething you can do from the privacy and comfort of home with our STD Test for women.

    References

    1. Overview: Chlamydia. National Health Service. URL. Accessed March 27, 2020.

    2. Chlamydia – CDC Fact Sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. URL. Accessed March 27, 2020.

    Chlamydia Symptoms With Pictures

    Chlamydia has been a global problem for most of the population for many years now. Its an extremely prevalent bacterial infection that can be transmitted through sexual contact. Its so common that the number of infected is estimated at 2.86 million people every year. This sexually transmitted infection is present in 2.7% of men and 4.2% women globally. In other words, 1 in every 20 females who are sexually active have chlamydia. Around two-thirds of those infected, both females and males, are 15 to 24 years old with a higher prevalence rate in females. In 2015, this infection caused around 200 deaths. Its a serious infection that is overlooked due to its often asymptomatic nature. But, if the infection is diagnosed and recognized on time, it can help those infected avoid serious health complications. Here we will focus on how to spot the symptoms of chlamydia, what can happen if a person leaves those symptoms untreated, and how do these symptoms actually look like. This is our detailed analysis of chlamydia symptoms that can be useful for those seeking to steer clear from sexually transmitted infections.

    Don’t Miss: What’s The Difference Between Chlamydia And Gonorrhea

    Can You Develop A Chlamydia Infection On Your Own

    Fortunately, you canât contract chlamydia on your own because it spreads through sexual contact with other people.

    Chlamydia bacteria does, however, thrive in vaginal fluid, semen, and pre-ejaculate . For that reason, using a latex condom properly during sexual intercourse and avoiding any kind of unprotected sex is the best way to protect yourself from developing or passing on a chlamydia infection. Caution is important, but fear is unnecessary: you donât need to worry about contracting chlamydia from kissing someone or sitting on a public toilet seat.

    Rules For Successful Treatment

    Chlamydia infection, illustration

    The patient should make sure that the doctor is informed if the patient is pregnant or has any allergies. These conditions influence the choice of the medicine prescribed. No matter which antibiotic the patient takes treating chlamydia the following points should be remembered:

    • The treatment of all partners on the infected person is obligatory
    • Abstain from sex contacts during the treatment and until the negative result on chlamydia test is received
    • It is unadvisable to interrupt the course of antibiotics treatment as it will result in the necessity to start again from the beginning. Although the symptoms may disappear, the infection may still remain in the body
    • It is necessary to get tested after 34 months after the end of the treatment to make sure the infection is no longer in the body.

    Recommended Reading: Can You Buy A Chlamydia Test Over The Counter

    Failure Of An Egg To Mature Properly

    Eggs may not mature properly for a variety of reasons, ranging from conditions such as PCOS, to obesity, to a lack of specific proteins needed for the egg to mature.

    An immature egg may not be released at the correct time, may not make it down the fallopian tubes, or may not be able to be fertilized.

    RELATED ARTICLES

    Most Popular