Clinical Features And Sequelae
- Genital infections with C. trachomatis present as urethritis and proctitis in men and women, cervicitis, salpingitis, endometritis and pelvic inflammatory disease in women, and orchitis, epididymitis and prostatitis in men.
- Perinatal transmission of C. trachomatis can result in conjunctivitis and pneumonia in newborns and young infants.
- Conjunctivitis and respiratory infections can be the result of contact with contaminated hands, or direct exposure to semen and vaginal fluids.
- At least 70% of genital C. trachomatis infections in women and 50% in men are asymptomatic at the time of diagnosis.
- The natural course of genital chlamydia infections is not well understood:
- Spontaneous resolution of asymptomatic infections is not uncommon.
- Asymptomatic infections, particularly endocervical infections, can persist for long periods.
- Many patients with asymptomatic infections will at some point develop symptoms and clinical disease.
- Asymptomatic infections can result in complications such as blocked tubes and pelvic inflammatory disease.
Coping With Inconsistent Results
If you get two different results from two different tests, what should you do? The answer depends largely on the type of STI involved.
Imagine that the condition is easy enough to treat, and the treatment doesn’t have any serious side effects. Then you may decide to go with the flow and take the treatment.
Two such examples are chlamydia and gonorrhea, which are sometimes treated presumptively. This means treatment is given if there’s a chance the person may be infected. For example, sexual partners of a person who tests positive may be treated without being tested themselves.
However, if a treatment is costly or poses certain harms, then additional tests may be ordered to confirm the results. Such is the case with HIV tests, which require a confirmatory test to accurately diagnose the virus. When a confirmatory test is used, HIV tests are rarely ever wrong.
In addition, most STIs have a window period during which the body hasn’t produced enough antibodies to return an accurate test result. If the tests are performed too soon after infection, it may return a false-negative result. In such cases, a person may be asked to come back for retesting if the exposure was recent and the risk of infection is high.
Can Chlamydia Be Dormant And Undetected Std Testing
However, you may still be asymptomatic after a chlamydia infection. This is because chlamydia can be silent or dormant for months and years without showing symptoms. In men, about 50 70 percent will show symptoms of chlamydia while only 30 50 percent of women will be symptomatic. Absent symptoms of chlamydia do not mean absent infection Chlamydia does not lie dormant. Either you have it, and are contagious, or you do not. Unfortunately, the most likely scenario is that he was reinfected more recently, and if you are having unprotected sex with him, then most likely you are infected now as well
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Symptoms Can Differ For Men And Women
By and large, most cases of chlamydia are asymptomatic they are picked up by screening, which is why its so important to have good screening programs in place, notes Dr. Stoner. Men or women who have chlamydia symptoms may experience painful urination.
Women may also have these symptoms:
- Smelly discharge from the cervix
- Pain during sex
And men may have these symptoms:
- Discharge from the penis
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What Is A Chlamydia Test
This test detects a chlamydia infection, the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection in the United States. A chlamydia test looks for the bacteria that cause the infection .
For this test, you provide a urine sample. Or your provider takes a swab of fluid from your vagina, anus, throat or eye . Most often, you get this test in your healthcare providers office. But you may be able to do the test on your own using an at-home test kit.
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When Is A Chlamydia Test Performed
A chlamydia infection doesnt usually cause symptoms, so people may not know they have it. Untreated, chlamydia can cause serious health problems and infertility. Thats why providers screen for chlamydia, which means they regularly test certain people who have a higher risk of infection. You should get regular chlamydia screenings if you:
- Are sexually active, especially if youre under 25.
- Are a man who has sex with men.
- Are pregnant and under age 25. Pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases can be dangerous for you and your baby.
- Know that your partner has a sexually transmitted disease or sexually transmitted infection .
- Plan to have sex with a new partner or have more than one partner.
If you previously tested positive for chlamydia and got treated for it, you should get follow-up tests. You usually need a test about a month after treatment and two months after that to make sure the treatment worked.
If you have symptoms of chlamydia infection you may or may not have symptoms of chlamydia. If so, your provider will recommend a test. Symptoms of chlamydia include:
- Burning sensation while urinating .
- Discharge from your vagina, penis or anus.
- Painful intercourse or bleeding after having sex.
Just How Is Chlamydia Spread How Long Can Chlamydia Lay Dormant
You can obtain chlamydia by having genital, rectal, or foreplay with a person that has chlamydia.
If your sex partner is male you can still obtain chlamydia even if he does not climax.
If you have actually had chlamydia and also were treated in the past, you can still get contaminated once again. This can occur if you have unsafe sex with a person that has chlamydia.
If you are pregnant, you can give chlamydia to your infant during childbirth.
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Sex Partners Need Treatment Too
If you are diagnosed with chlamydia, you will need to tell all of your sexual partners, because they will need the same treatment you are receiving.
In most states, a doctor or other healthcare provider can give you the medicine that your partner or partners will need to take. Then you can deliver it to those partners. This practice is called expedited partner therapy or patient delivered partner therapy.
These options can help a lot if your partner doesnt have a healthcare provider or feels embarrassed about seeking care, says Dr. Dombrowski.
Its natural to feel nervous or upset about having to tell your partner or partners about having an STD. Your healthcare provider can help with this problem. They may even rehearse the conversation with you, says Dombrowksi.
Learning about chlamydia and seeking advice from a healthcare provider about how to discuss it with your partner can help you handle the conversation with less anxiety and more confidence.
Remember, chlamydia is not just common: It is the most common infection reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . You are being helpful, mature, and responsible by telling your partners.
Can You Have Chlamydia For 5 Years Without Knowing
A practicing family physician in New York City, Anita Ravi, MD MPH, MSHP recommends physicians making the STI screen a routine part of the patients care to catch and treat the long-term effects of chlamydia, which is so prevalent for medical practitioners. Ravi is quick to clarify that you may not have been infected with chlamydia for years.
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Can Chlamydia Be Dormant And Test Negative
In addition, a STD test can indicate either positive or negative findings. However, when a STD test is positive, its usually only in the initial Window Period. This doesnt refer to the STD being dormant. You may still feel bad for being in the know despite not experiencing symptoms since ert STDs can still be affecting your health even if you arent experiencing symptoms.
What Should I Expect During A Chlamydia Test
Your provider gives you a clean cup and asks you to urinate in it. Follow your providers instructions carefully when collecting a urine sample. Youll need to collect the urine as soon as it starts to come out .
Instead of a urine sample, your provider might collect a sample of secretions from your genitals or anus. They gather this sample by rubbing a cotton swab on the inside of your vagina, penis or anus. If your provider suspects that you have a chlamydia infection in your eye, they will collect a fluid sample from your eye.
If youre using an at-home chlamydia test, you will collect the sample yourself. Be sure to follow the instructions on the test kit carefully.
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Std Screening: The Basics
STD screening may not be dinner table talk, but if it came up, would you know how to handle it? Everyone who is sexually active should be screened for STDs at some point but which tests, and when, depend on your personal risk factors. Sometimes testing isnt necessary. But if it is recommended, and you do get diagnosed, there is some good news: Most STDs are curable, and all of them are treatable.
How Will I Know If I Have It
As most men and women do not show any early symptoms. So it is often difficult to tell whether you or your partner is infected. For those people who do get symptoms, these may include:
- A burning or painful sensation when urinating, for men and women.
- For women, a discharge or “mucus” coming from the vagina, back pain, unusual pain during sex, and bleeding between periods.
- For men, a discharge or “mucus” coming out of the penis, inflamed or swollen testicles and/ or discomfort around the tip of the penis.
How Can You Treat Chlamydia
Following a positive test, the most common and effective treatment for Chlamydia is a course of antibiotics, usually over the period of one week. You should abstain for sexual activity for one week following a successful course of antibiotics and ensure that regular sexual partners, as well as previous partners, are informed and tested.
Why Should I Get Tested
Almost all STIs go undetected. Even though chlamydia can be easily treated, due to the lack of visible symptoms, the younger population often ignore it or have no idea they have it. Individuals who often change partners are exposed to chlamydia and other STIs as well, such as gonorrhea and syphilis.
If left untreated, its incredibly easy to transmit this infection onto your partner and cause numerous problems that can later affect your health.
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Can Chlamydia Live Outside The Cell
Choledia belongs to a category of organisms that must possess exceptional requirements to function at cervixes, urethraes, and fallopian tubes. In addition, it can infect your eyes eyes corneas. To satisfy this particular requirement, chlamydia cannot live near anything that has an air supply such as toilet paper, bath towels or bed linens.
How Does Chlamydia Spread
Chlamydia is spread when a person has unprotected sex with an infected person.
Because chlamydial infection often has no symptoms, many people do not realise they have the infection.
Even if you know a person well, you may not be able to tell they have an STI, because people can look healthy and still have chlamydia.
Remember, you can get chlamydia and other STIs from a new sexual partner who has in the past had sex with someone who is infected.
It can also be spread from a long-term partner who has had sex with other people.
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Is It Possible For One Partner To Have Chlamydia And Not The Other
Once you are infected, you can infect someone else. Both gonorrhea and chlamydia often have no symptoms. Sometimes only one partner will have symptoms, even though both have the disease. Thats why notifying your sexual partners about the results of your test is important.
Testing For Gonorrhea Too
If you arent tired of all the good news yet, heres one more perk. When you order a chlamydia test through myLAB Box, you are also getting a gonorrhea test! That means, for the same price as any of myLAB Boxs other single-infection tests, this kit includes the results for a second infection. This is largely due to the fact these two infections are often mistaken for each other. In addition, they can often be found together.
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A Word From Same Day Std Testing
At Same Day, its our mission to provide safe, reliable, and confidential STD testing options for all who need them. One of our dedicated staff members will walk you through the testing process and answer any questions you may have both before and after the tests. Contact us here at to schedule an appointment or, to get tested today, simply find a facility near you and visit us. Were ready and waiting to help you.
Can Certain Stds Lie Dormant And Not Be Detected
In some cases, an STD may be asymptomatic because its latent, or lying dormant in your body. Latent STDs can cause someone to remain undiagnosed until symptoms begin to appear. This may put them at risk for long-term complications.
Chlamydia, hepatitis C, HIV, HSV , and syphilis can all have periods of latency.
The best way to ensure that dormant STDs receive the proper diagnosis and treatment is regular STD screening. The CDC recommends that all sexually active adults with new or multiple sexual partners receive at least yearly testing for most STDs, especially chlamydia and gonorrhea.
Its also recommended that people who have sex without a condom or other barrier method receive STD testing more frequently.
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Male Difficulties Of Neglected Chlamydia
Guy can also experience complications when chlamydia is left untreated. The epididymis the tube that holds the testicles in place may come to be swollen, triggering pain. This is referred to as epididymitis.
The infection can likewise spread to the prostate gland, creating a fever, unpleasant sexual intercourse, and also discomfort in the reduced back. Another possible difficulty is male chlamydial urethritis.
These are just a few of one of the most typical issues of untreated chlamydia, which is why its important to obtain clinical attention right away. The majority of people that obtain treatment promptly have no long-lasting clinical problems. How Soon Can Chlamydia Be Detected
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Hi there, Im Melissa and welcome to Genier. Im not ashamed to admit that Ive dealt with an STD before and recovered. It was not a pleasant experience but Im glad I got myself tested. If theres one message that you can take away from my site is get tested today! Stay safe.
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Can Chlamydia Be Dormant And Undetected
Many people think that STDs are conspicuous diseases. In other words, they expect STDs to produce a lot of obvious symptoms and for thosesymptoms to appear quickly. Yet, the reality is that its impossible to tell if you have an STD immediately after contraction. In fact, lots of people who have STDs never experience any symptoms at all. This leads us to our question of the day can chlamydia be dormant and undetected? There are two parts to the answer. First, yes, chlamydia can lie unnoticed for long periods of time. However, even if chlamydia remains asymptomatic, tests can still detect its presence.
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How Long Does It Take To Show Up In People With Penises
Theres no significant difference in the amount of time it takes for chlamydia symptoms to show up for people with penises as compared to people with vulvas.
The only major difference in the time it takes for symptoms to show up among people of various sexes may be related to how often symptoms show up.
According to the Childrens National Health System, 90 percent of people with vulvas dont ever experience any physical symptoms, while 70 percent of people with penises never notice any symptoms.
This difference in who actually experiences symptoms between these two groups may have some effect on how long it takes for symptoms show up. But theres never been any definitive link between your sex and when your symptoms appear.
False Positives Vs False Negatives
Because STI tests aren’t perfect, people who design them often have to choose whether it’s better to have more false-positive or more false-negative results. Which is better depends on the severity of the disease and the healthcare provider’s ability to treat it.
Imagine, for example, that a condition has no serious long-term consequences but the treatment itself is grueling. In such cases, a false positive is worse than a false negative because it may expose a person to needless treatments that cause more harm than good.
On the other hand, if an infection is serious and requires immediate treatment, the test would need to be highly sensitive to avoid a false-negative result. Doing so can lead to a missed diagnosis. One such example is an HIV test.
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